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I am a student at La Colina working on my science project. I have a few questions about the topic "Triboluminescence" with Lifesavers and other candies. What are the elements and compounds involved in causing the spark? Does friction play a part in causing triboluminescence? Is the reaction exothermic or just releasing light? Can the reaction be done using a screwdriver(or other hard surface to cause a spark)? If you can respond to all of these questions that would be great.
Answer 1:

From triboluminescence

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Triboluminescence is an optical phenomenon in which light is generated via the breaking of asymmetrical bonds in a crystal when that material is scratched, crushed, or rubbed. Yes, friction causes Triboluminescence, because the phenomenon is basically light from friction. In general, luminescence occurs when energy is input into atoms from heat, friction, electricity, or other sources. The electrons in the atom absorb this energy. The reaction is just the releasing of light.

WintOGreen Lifesavers are naturally fluorescent. The "lightning bolts" give off invisible ultraviolet light -- which cause the fluorescent Lifesavers to give off their own visible fluorescent light. You may have seen something like this in mineral displays under black lights. The black light shines in the ultraviolet, causing the minerals to fluoresce, or glow. In the case of WintOGreen Lifesavers, the fractured sugar crystals generate the ultraviolet -- and the wintergreen molecules absorb it. The result is that, as you chomp your candy, sparks fly.


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