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Hello, I was wondering if you had any interesting or unique information on the element, titanium.
Question Date: 2010-10-25
Answer 1:

Titaniums chemical symbol is Ti and it has an atomic number of 22. The next link will give you all its chemical characteristics:


Titanium was discovered in in 1791 in Cornwall, United Kingdom, by William Gregor and named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth for the mythological giants, the Titans. It was used by the space and defense industries in the 1940's. Today, titanium is used in aerospace applications, automobiles, prosthetics, buildings, and sporting equipment.

Titanium is very useful in a variety of applications because of its high strength, toughness, durability, low density, corrosion resistance and biological compatibility. It has the ability to passivate, thereby giving it a corrosion resistance to acids.

Supplies of pure titanium are rare, though titanium ores such as ilmenite and rutile are very common. There is more titanium in the earth's crust than there is nickel, zinc, chromium, tin, lead, mercury, and manganese combined! The ores of these metals are concentrated in large, easily mined bodies, while titanium ores are dispersed throughout the earth's crust. Only five percent of the titanium mined today is used in its pure metal form. The remainder is used to manufacture titanium dioxide (TiO2), an ingredient in paper, paint, plastics and white food coloring (including the coloring that is used to print the "m"s on M&M candies).

Titanium, which weighs forty percent less than carbon steels, can be strengthened by alloying it with elements such as aluminum and vanadium. Titanium is nonmagnetic and possesses good heat transfer properties. It is also nontoxic and biocompatible.

Titanium also is valued in the petrochemical industry, where it is used in heat exchangers and reactors. The automotive industry uses it in automotive components including connecting rods, valves, and suspension springs. The sporting goods industry uses the metal in the manufacture of bicycles, golf clubs, tennis rackets, and wheelchairs designed for disabled people who want to participate in a sport.

The following links offer interesting information for this element. Please visit them.


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