This is certainly a difficult question! The
short answer is that science doesn't think
anything about god. That means that science can't
prove OR disprove anything about god. Let me try
to explain some more by giving you my perception
of what separates the concepts of "science" and
Science is basically all about
coming up with answers or theories about the way
the world works based on objective observations of
facts. What I mean by facts is everyone's
shared reality or common experience. This
is pretty easy for "simple" problems. For
example, I can go drop an apple from a ten story
building and see how long it takes to fall. I can
tell you my answer (the time it takes to fall.)
You don't have to believe me because you can try
it yourself! If you do the experiment in exactly
the same way I did it, you should get the same
answer. And then we can AGREE on the answer.
Now things get tricky as you start looking at
more difficult questions. A long time ago,
people generally assumed that the earth was flat
and the earth was the center of the universe (and
that god was "out in the sky somewhere") This
made sense because no one ever traveled very far
(certainly not into outer space!) These are
the kinds of questions that science tries to
answer. What happens if you
keep traveling across the earth? Will you
fall of the end? Well, eventually of course,
better sailing techniques came along and enough
people sailed around the world that it became
clear that the earth was in fact round.
(Again, science says that you don't have to take
my word for it. You can build your own space
ship, fly into space, and look back to see that
earth is definitely round!)
Now back to the main question.
When some people first came to the conclusion that
the earth must be round, they were accused of
attacking religion which was trying to answer the
same question. Over time, as more and more people
verified that the earth was round, it started to
become accepted as a "fact." Similar situations
have occurred on many other issues (such as the
age of the earth and the theory of
Faith and religion also try to
come up with theories for the way the world works.
In religions, these theories or beliefs
usually come from traditions or history.
There have been such conflicts between science and
faith (or religion) because both science and faith
try to answer the same "unanswerable" questions at
any one time. When there is a new discovery which
answers a question, religion eventually changes to
reflect the new view of the world if it does
become accepted as fact.
This doesn't mean
that science can answer every question. For
example, why does the universe exist at all?
Is there a god? These are questions that will
always be a matter of faith.
Let's look a little deeper. Let's say that I
am crossing a street and don't see a bus coming,
but just in time I happen to look in the right
direction to see the bus, and I jump out of the
way. If I were a very religious person, I might
say that god somehow guided me and saved my life.
If I were a very scientific person, I might say
that it is purely luck. Which
interpretation is correct? I think it really
depends on what one's individual beliefs are. It
is not necessarily a question of right or wrong
I hope I haven't put you to sleep with my
rambling answer. It is a very complicated
question that doesn't have a solid answer, but I
hope I have given you some ideas to consider.