The low strain behavior of most materials is
approximately spring-like (Hookean). In
textiles, the governing equation is a simple
Hope this helps!
s = E e;
where s is called
the 'tenacity', E is the “Young's
modulus”, and e (generally epsilon) is
the degree of deformation. For simple fabrics
(linen, most likely) this Hookean response is
short-lived and the weave of the material will
generally fail before the fibers themselves. For
lycra, the material response is likely elastic
for large strains. Fabrics is not my 'area' so
to speak, but the basic story for most materials
is told by their Young's modulus. This site:
click here has a
nice description of the properties of a few
standard fabrics and details how the materials
are characterized as well as how the weave
impacts mechanical properties as well.
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