Good question! The most important reason that
Europe does not have tropical climates is that
is outside of the tropical zone. The tropical
zone is a band around the earth that extends
about 25degrees north and south of the equator
(25degrees of latitude equals about 1750 miles).
Europe is too far north to be in the tropical
The reason that many places in the tropical
zone have tropical climates is that the water at
the surface of the oceans is very warm in these
areas because they get a lot of direct sunlight.
Warm waters lead to a lot of evaporation and
precipitation, resulting in relatively wet
climates at tropical latitudes.
This leads to an interesting question… The
Mediterranean Sea is quite warm because its
waters are partially isolated from the much
larger volume Atlantic (it’s sort of like a bath
tub). Why doesn’t this body of warm water cause
the same effect? I suspect that it has something
to do with the size. The volume of the
Mediterranean is much less than that of the
Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans that cause
most tropical climates.
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