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Thank you very much for answering my previous questions. I want to know if science believes in the existence of God, that the universe was all created by him?
Question Date: 2013-04-15
Answer 1:

This is such a great question! Sorry for the delay, I needed time to think of how best to answer it!

To answer your question about the ways in which science views God, we need to think about what “science” is. Put simply, science is a system of knowledge that is (generally) based on systematic observations. Scientists often use a fairly well-defined method, known as the scientific method, to build this knowledge system: 1) we think of a question; 2) we form hypotheses about the answer to the question based on what is already known (i.e., what other scientists have already determined to be true); 3) we think of ways to test these hypotheses through observation; 4) we see how well our hypotheses hold up to the data that we collected through our observations. The key thing about hypotheses is that they must be falsifiable. What this means is that we have to be able to test the hypothesis. For example, if I hypothesize that all flowers are white, this can be tested, by looking at various flowers. Since some flowers are not white, we would easily find this hypothesis to be false.

The idea is, if we keep building on what other people before us have already figured out, then we wind up with a coherent system of knowledge regarding how our world works. It sounds pretty simple, right? Well, in theory it is. However, the problem is that people are the ones doing the science; people from different backgrounds, who have different experiences, expose to different types of information, and who have different ideas about how to approach problems. The result is that while there is general agreement among scientists regarding certain ideas, for example that all flowers are not white, things that are difficult to observe often result in arguments among scientists. You have hit one of those topics right on the head!

Is there a God? Did some greater power create the Universe? Some scientists would say yes, while others would say no. Both sides use existing information and make new observations to the best of their abilities to try to answer these questions. However, they must rely on limited and incomplete information to test their hypotheses. So, while some scientists might conclude that there is no reason to believe that there is a God, that it is simply an idea created by people, others say that there is no way to disprove the existence of a higher power that gave order to the Universe, i.e., it is not an easily falsifiable hypothesis because there is no way to test whether God exists. So, while some scientists may not believe in God, the scientific community does not understand enough about the Universe for everyone to agree that God does not exist.

I hope this answers your question!

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