Enzymes are made from protein, which are made
from amino acids. They are catalysts, meaning
substances that speed up a reaction (they only
speed up a reaction, not make more product). Our
body uses enzymes regularly to carry our certain
cellular processes in our bodies. Proteins fold
uniquely and this allows enzymes to catalyze
specific reactions in our bodies. An enzyme
attaches to a specific substrate like a lock and
key at the active site. The enzyme does its job
and then detaches from the substrate back to
normal, ready to perform the same task again.
Maltase, lactase, kinase, are some examples of
enzymes that speed up processes in our bodies.
They can contribute to processes like breaking
down certain sugars, DNA replication, or even
regulating the cell cycle. They are very important
to living things because without them a lot of the
processes in our bodies would not go on. It is
very important to have a good diet and have proper
protein intake to make sure these enzymes are
working properly to carry out vital functions.
There are many diseases linked to enzyme
inactivity or deficiency like Krabbe disease,
Tay-Sach's, Gaucher disease, Fabry disease, and
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