Insects obey the same laws of physics as we do.
However, because of basic principles of geometry
(in particular the square-cube law), the
implications that the laws of physics have for
insects can be different from us in a number of
ways. For example it isn't as far from the brain
or other nerve centers to the muscles in insects,
which allows for less time required transmitting
signals to and from different parts of an insect's
body. Similarly, because muscles transmit force
over their cross-sectional area and animals weigh
what they do because of the volume of their
bodies, insects are much stronger relative to how
much they weigh than we are. The same goes for the
resistive abilities of their exoskeleton: an
insect can subject itself to g-forces that would
kill a human but come away unharmed. However,
ultimately insects are made of the same materials
that we are, and the underlying physical
principles that determine their biology are the
same as those responsible for our biology.
Thanks for your question.
I'm not an expert in animal cognition, but I can
wholeheartedly say that I have colleagues in the
field of psychological science who are actively
studying animals to shed more light on thinking in
humans and others organisms, robotic ones too!
One unique aspect of animal cognition is their
wayfinding behavior. It seems that certain
animals, such as birds, have attuned their
perception to magnetic sensory information.
Hope this feeds your curiosity to ask more
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