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I am in Big History at Grayslake North high school in Illinois. I am doing a project on how Silicon came about on Earth. I came upon your answer on to why that is. I want to use your answer in my project but I need to cite my work so I don't plagiarizer. When I used easybib they were not able to give me a publisher of a electronically published date. I was just wondering on if you can give me a name and a date so i will be able to use it in my project. If not that is fine, I can find a different article. Thank you for your time. Have a nice day!
Answer 1:

The element silicon naturally forms during a supernova. You can think of a supernova as an explosion that happens when a star dies. During these explosions, hydrogen and helium, both of which are abundant in stars, fuse together to create heavy elements. As you might have guessed, silicon is not the only element formed. Sulfur, sodium and calcium are just some of the other elements created during supernovae (plural form).​ These explosions have been happening before Earth was formed, so there were plenty of silicon floating around in space. When rocks and other material started coming together to create our planet, some silicon were incorporated into the big mass. And that is how our planet ended up with silicon. I hope you find this information useful. Good luck on your project!


Answer 2:

Where does all the silicon on Earth come from? Well, I am sure you have heard of the term “atom”. Atoms are the building blocks of all the material in the universe and they are made of little particles called protons, neutrons and electrons. There are many different types of atoms and the type is determined by the number of protons. For example hydrogen has one proton, helium has two, Lithium has three and so on. Silicon is also a type of atom and has 14 protons. When the universe was created in the big bang, first there were only single protons flying around. So there was only one type of atom (hydrogen). New types of atoms can form when protons get really hot, come together and join. This is called nuclear fusion and creates a lot of energy. In fact the sun shines because of hydrogen joining together to make helium. When more and more protons join together they form more and more different types of atoms. Silicon with 14 protons is the 8th most abundant type of atom in the universe so that means that there is quite a lot of it. Now we know how the different types of atoms form but how did so much silicon from the universe ended up on planet Earth?

Well, before the sun and the planets existed there was just a giant cloud of different types of atoms that formed a dust. The dust slowly came together and started rotating faster and faster. More and more dust particles became attracted to each other, collided and formed larger and larger bodies. That way the sun and the planets formed. The sun was in the center and the planets were rotating around it. But the sun was very very hot and many types of atoms could not survive in that heat and were driven far away from the sun. Only material that was mostly made of iron, silicon and oxygen stayed close to the sun and many of the other atoms were pushed further away. Therefore, the planets that are close to the sun (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars) are made of mostly iron, silicon and oxygen and just small numbers of the other types of atoms. Now the last question that remains is where did all the iron go? There is a little bit of iron on the Earth's surface but is there so much more silicon? Well, much of the iron, because it is so much heavier than silicon, sank to the core of the Earth, whereas the silicon stayed on the outside. For that reason the rocks at the surface of the Earth today are made out of a lot of silicon.


Answer 3:

Silicon is an element and a major component of most rocks. It would have arrived on Earth in the form of dust and meteorites in the early solar system that made the rocky planets.



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