Hi, this is an interesting question. Diamonds
are very rare and special but actually they are
made of the same material than for example
charcoal. It is the way that the material is
arranged that makes diamonds special. But let me
start at the beginning.
Everything in the universe is made out of tiny
tiny tiny particles. You can imagine them as being
small balls. These “balls” are called
‘atoms’. Any type of material is made of
those balls. Now there are two things to
understand. Firstly, there are different types of
‘balls’ or ‘atoms’. For example water is made of
atoms called ‘Hydrogen’ and atoms called ‘Oxygen’.
The air around you is made of ‘Oxygen’, ‘Nitrogen’
and many other atoms. Now diamonds are made of
just one type of atom called ‘Carbon’. This
composition is the same then for example Charcoal.
Carbon atoms are also a very important part in
plants, animals and humans. Therefore the
material that diamonds are made of, is not very
special. The second thing to understand is
that the atoms can be arranged in different ways.
Most often atoms attach to each other and they can
be attached in different shapes and patterns.
In diamond the carbon atoms are arranged very
very closely to each other and the attachments
between atoms are very very strong. This is
why diamonds are so hard. This arrangement can
only occur when the ‘Carbon is squeezed extremely
strongly. In fact, you need the weight of about
120 km of rock above you to squeeze the carbon
strongly enough to make diamonds. This is why
diamonds are formed only deep down in the Earth.
Some smart people managed to make diamonds with
machines that can squeeze strongly and those
diamonds are for example used by dentists that
need to drill into your teeth when you have a bad
Click Here to return to the search form.