There is so much to say about Fungi! But I will
give you a brief overview of some important
characteristics. The Kingdom Fungi is separate
from plants, animals, protists, and bacteria. It
it composed of eukaryotic organisms such as
yeasts, mold, and mushrooms. Their cell walls
are composed of a material called chitin,
which is different from the material that plant
cell walls are made of. Many are small in size and
live in soil matter where they play an essential
role in the decomposition of organic matter and
nutrient cycling. Another aspect of fungus is that
they can be symbionts, meaning they interact and
live with different biological species to help or
The study of fungi is called Mycology.
One kind of fungus is a yeast, which many
scientists use as a model organism in research. If
you didn't know, the reason of bubbles in breads
is due to yeast. Although some types of fungus may
do good for the environment and for people, many
cause diseases in humans, such as yeast infection
and athlete's foot. They can also cause plant
diseases which may lead to death of plants.
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