If a mixture is separated, then the different
components of the mixture will probably have
different indexes of refraction, color, opacity,
If you see your mixture as discontinuous,
then it is separated. Most often it takes more than
one separation method to separate a mixture. Here
are some examples:
based on polarity, charge.
Distillation (and Freezing) separates based on
phases. One can use temperature and pressure to
Decantation and Filtration (and
Centrifugation) separate based on mass and
size. For example, if you have a mixture of
two liquids and they have different boiling points
you can use distillation to separate them. After
you have separated them you can check by
refraction index or by MNR (magnetic nuclear
resonance) spectrum to see how well you have
separated them. Each substance has their own
defined refraction index or MNR spectrum.
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