UCSB Science Line
Sponge Spicules Nerve Cells Galaxy Abalone Shell Nickel Succinate X-ray Lens Lupine
UCSB Science Line
Home
How it Works
Ask a Question
Search Topics
Webcasts
Our Scientists
Science Links
Contact Information
Does a baseball go farther with a metal or wood bat?
Answer 1:

A baseball goes farther when being hit with a metal bat than with a wood bat. This is because the metal bats don't absorb much of the energy from a baseball. A metal bat has near perfect inelastic collisions with the ball, so it can hit off the bat with the same speed as it comes in. This means a good swing could send the ball over the fence or even farther without the bat feeling much. A wood bat absorbs more energy into the bat when it is hit, meaning the ball does not necessarily bounce off with the same speed. This is why it may sting sometimes when a wood bat makes contact with a ball.

The reason M.L.B. players use wood bats in games is for safety. Many major league players are very talented and can send the ball off the bat at over 100 mph. This makes it sometimes dangerous to field balls for players in the infield, especially pitcher. This is why metal bats are banned from use in the major leagues, however little leaguers and high schoolers are still allowed to use metal bats. For high school players, however, there was a restriction on bats due to the increased talent in players. Now the bats in high school games must be BBCOR certified, which means all bats do not hit the baseball too hard. This keeps players from getting injured, however limits how far a ball gets hit.

Hope this is helpful!


Click Here to return to the search form.

University of California, Santa Barbara Materials Research Laboratory National Science Foundation
This program is co-sponsored by the National Science Foundation and UCSB School-University Partnerships
Copyright © 2015 The Regents of the University of California,
All Rights Reserved.
UCSB Terms of Use