A baseball goes farther when being hit with a
metal bat than with a wood bat. This is
because the metal bats don't absorb much of the
energy from a baseball. A metal bat has near
perfect inelastic collisions with the ball, so
it can hit off the bat with the same speed as it
comes in. This means a good swing could send the
ball over the fence or even farther without the
bat feeling much. A wood bat absorbs more
energy into the bat when it is hit, meaning
the ball does not necessarily bounce off with the
same speed. This is why it may sting sometimes
when a wood bat makes contact with a ball.
The reason M.L.B. players use wood bats in
games is for safety. Many major league
players are very talented and can send the ball
off the bat at over 100 mph. This makes it
sometimes dangerous to field balls for players in
the infield, especially pitcher. This is why metal
bats are banned from use in the major leagues,
however little leaguers and high schoolers are
still allowed to use metal bats. For high school
players, however, there was a restriction on bats
due to the increased talent in players. Now the
bats in high school games must be BBCOR certified,
which means all bats do not hit the baseball too
hard. This keeps players from getting injured,
however limits how far a ball gets hit.
Hope this is helpful!
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