Black holes are one of the most interesting
phenomena in space, and the answer may provide
insight to the nature of a black hole.
Black holes are made by a curvature in the
gravitational field, which is formed by a
super dense kind of matter. Its gravitational
force is so strong that all real particles, even
light carrying photons, get attracted to it. This
causes anything with mass to be extremely
attracted to the black hole, since its almost
infinite mass creates a force just as large. With
this notion, you would need a force greater
than this gravitational force to take the black
hole apart. Although this seems impossible,
gravity is the weakest of nature's four
fundamental forces, so we will use these other
forces to attempt this problem.
First, a way to counteract the inward force
of the gravity is by rotating the object as much
as possible . This rotation supplies a
centrifugal force outward from the black
hole, and this outward force is able to counteract
the inward gravitational force. Additionally, if
we were to add enough charge to the black hole,
where like charges repel each other, enough
repelling charges would be able to supply a large
enough electromagnetic force, capable of
causing the black hole to explode, or just come
Being able to add centrifugal force outward and
electromagnetic force outward, by adding angular
momentum and charge, we COULD counteract the
forces of a black hole. This would cause the black
hole to come apart, effectively freeing the
particles that previously made up the thing.
Realistically, however, we could not get close
enough to a black hole to supply charge or angular
momentum. Black holes are as massive as
galaxies, and it would take a lot of charge
and a lot of rotational energy. Theoretically
though, it is possible.
Hope this answers your question!
According to the theory of general
relativity, which is our best theory that
currently describes black holes (see below),
all of the matter in a black hole is confined
to zero volume. If the black hole is rotating,
this zero volume "space" will be a ring, but if
the black hole is not rotating, it will be a point
at the very center of the event horizon. The event
horizon of any black hole will be a perfect sphere
regardless, but the rotating black hole will
actually have a smaller event horizon than a
nonrotating one relative to its energy. I do not
know how energy of the the black hole's rotation
factors into this.
We do not have a quantum mechanical description
of black holes. According to quantum mechanics,
the infinitely small "space" where the black
hole's mass is located is impossible. One of
the two theories must break down at that scale.
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