UCSB Science Line
Sponge Spicules Nerve Cells Galaxy Abalone Shell Nickel Succinate X-ray Lens Lupine
UCSB Science Line
How it Works
Ask a Question
Search Topics
Our Scientists
Science Links
Contact Information
What are the differences between the structure and function of plant and animal cell organelles? In other words...What are all the organelles that plant cells have that animal cells do not and what are all the organelles that animal cells have that plant cells do not and what are the organelles that are in common and what are the functions of all these organelles in the cell? Thank you
Question Date: 2017-02-24
Answer 1:

Plant and animal cells are similar in their overall function as they must provide structure to tissues and carry out metabolic processes. Some of the organelles they use to do this are however different. Plant cells have a rigid cell wall, a structure that is absent in animal cells. The animal cell only has a more fluid cell membrane made of lipids. Plant and animal cells make energy using mitochondria but plant cells have an additional energy-making organelle, chloroplasts; these organelles are what makes plants green. Both plant and animal cells have a nucleus containing DNA, vacuoles that store waste, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum where membranes and proteins are produced, and the Golgi apparatus where secreted proteins are packaged and sent to the membrane. Here is a link to a YouTube video that nicely explains the differences between plant and animal cells, plant and animal cells.

Click Here to return to the search form.

University of California, Santa Barbara Materials Research Laboratory National Science Foundation
This program is co-sponsored by the National Science Foundation and UCSB School-University Partnerships
Copyright © 2020 The Regents of the University of California,
All Rights Reserved.
UCSB Terms of Use