Condensation is when water vapor (like a
steamy shower!) turns into liquid water (ex. a
foggy bathroom mirror). The reason this
happens, is because the water molecules get energy
removed from them, so they slow down, and tend to
clump together, because water really likes being
by other water molecules.
So you can imagine, if you add heat energy
to water by putting a pot on the stove to
boil, the water molecules take that heat energy
and start moving faster and faster, until they
are moving so fast that they escape the pot and go
into the air. That's called vaporization!
Now you see, the process of condensation is
just the reverse of the process of
vaporization. Condensation is when molecules
lose energy and turn from gas to liquid, and
vaporization is when molecules gain energy and
turn from liquid to gas!
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