You can explore the water cycle on your own.
big steps are:
Going from a solid (ice) to a liquid. This is
Going from a liquid to a gas (water vapor).
This is called evaporating.
Going from water vapor to liquid water. This is
Going from liquid water to a solid (ice). This
is called freezing.
You can melt ice and see what happens when snow
and ice melt. If you live in a hot dry place, your
water may come from snow and ice that melt in the
mountains and flow down the hill to your town.
How can you speed up melting?
If you take an empty container and set it in
the sun, you can see evaporation as the liquid
water “disappears” by becoming vapor. Does it
matter whether the lid is on? Will it happen
faster with more heat? Water gets from the Earth
into the sky by evaporating.
You can take a container of ice water and set
it in a warm room to see water vapor from the air
condense into liquid water on the outside of the
container. Does the temperature of the water in
the container matter? When water vapor
condenses on dust in the air, it forms clouds.
When the droplets get big enough, they fall out of
the sky as raindrops (or freeze to make snow,
sleet, and hail).
You can put water in the freezer to see how
water becomes solid ice. What happens to the
volume (size) of the water? Does it weight the
same before and after? Why does ice float on top
Does ice ever turn into water vapor without
being liquid water? Try putting an ice cube in
the freezer for a long time (a couple of weeks).
You can’t wrap it up, but maybe put it in a small
container with a note asking people to leave it
there. If you weigh or measure the ice first,
you’ll get a more accurate idea.
Can water vapor freeze without becoming
liquid water? The next time someone takes a
package out of the freezer, see if ice forms on
Once you have done all of these steps, you will
know a lot about the water cycle.
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