Hi Carlos, this is an interesting question.
Actually when you throw a football you need to use
a lot of the muscles in your body. Going
from the upper part of your body, you need to use
your shoulder muscles, which support the
arm and are active during the follow-through. The
shoulder joints have several muscles that
help the rotation of your arm, so you can
throw the ball. The neck-shoulder muscle or
trapezius is also involved.
You will also use the muscles of your arm
(the triceps, the biceps, and the forearm), and
the muscles of your fingers (in order to
hold the football). All these muscles will work
together and in different times in order to help
you drive and throw the ball.
In the upper part of your body, there are
muscles which will also be involved, they are the
pectoralis major, the latisimus dorsi, and the
There are other muscles that will help you to
stay balanced when you throw the ball, and you
will need to use them; they are the abdominal
muscles and the obliques. And you will also
need the muscles of your lower body, which
are called the calves, the quadriceps, the glutes,
and the hamstrings.
I found on Internet a video showing the muscles
used during the throwing of a football. You might
want to watch it and I hope you will enjoy it:
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