Ecology is a branch of Biology that studies the interrelationships between organisms (plants,
animals) and their environment.
The word comes from the Greek word oikos which means "house."
A Population is group of organisms of the
SAME species living in the same area at the same
time and sharing a common gene pool. This group is potentially able to interbreed with one
In ecology, the term Community
refers to the populations of animals and plants
that live within a specific region under similar
environmental conditions. These populations of
plants and animals live and interact with one
another and their environment. Between Humans, the
term Community generally refers to a group of
people living in the same locality or sharing some
common characteristics (i.e. ethnic, cultural or
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