The California sheephead (Semicossyphus pulcher): This species of fish is a "protogynous hermaphrodite", meaning that it begins life as a female, but then becomes a male later in life. Juveniles are 3 to 4 inches long by age 2. After that they mature into females at about 8 inches in length when they reach 4 to 5 years of age. Most females transform to males at a length of about 12 inches at 7 to 8 years of age. The Largest Recorded fish was 36 inches; 36.25 pounds.
California sheephead occur from Cabo San Lucas, Baja California, to Monterey Bay, California, with an isolated population in the Gulf of California. They are generally spotted in shallow rocky kelp areas near shore, in water from 20 to 100 feet deep or more.
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