|1: ||How does the type of soil, light, and water
affect a plant?
|2: ||How long does it take for a swell shark egg to
hatch? How big will the swell shark be and how
does it know how to survive?
|3: ||My classes have been watching a video produced by
the Discovery Channel on bacteria. At one point
in the video, the narrator says that human babies
are born "bacteria free" but within a few hours
hundred of kinds of bacteria colonize them. I
can't believe that we are born bacteria free. Is
this true or is this a mistake in the video?
|4: ||Why is there so much sand in the desert?
|5: ||What are the global consequences of all the fires
burning in the Northern Hemisphere (i.e. Western
U.S., Russia etc.) Would there be any connection
with the amount of rain for the season, since
water vapor must have something to condense on.
|6: ||Why does it hail ?
|7: ||Why can I not find numbers on how much we have
heated the oceans by using them as heat dumps for
engines, nuclear plants, and nuclear vessels? Do
you know where to get these answers? |
|8: ||What is weather? What is climate?
|9: ||I read an article about food chains and it talked
about microzooplankton. What is that?
|10: ||How do people store nuclear atoms?
|11: ||I am doing a research project on the ocean's hadal
zone and what type of life lives there. I was
wondering if you could help me. Is it true that
creatures in the hadal zone don't have ears or
heads because of pressure? And is there any type
of fish or plants in the hadal zone, like fish
that glow in the dark, or is that just a myth?
|12: ||The land over in Iran is extremely rich with oil.
How did that oil get there? I understand there
has to be anticlines & synclines but what
tectonically occurred to make these? Also--oil
is usually formed when phytoplankton & zooplankton
die, accumulate on the ocean floor, get covered
up & baked slowly at low temperatures. Where did
these plankton come from? Was there an ocean or
sea in the area at one time? If so, what was it
|13: ||I've heard a little about salt glaciers in Iraq.
I understand salt deposits can form along with
oil. How large are these salt glaciers and how
exactly are these formed?
|14: ||Are there specific weather patterns that would
make these massive sand storms we keep hearing
about on the news about Iraq? If so, does it
have something to do with the weather coming off
the Mediterranean Sea?
|15: ||I tried to do some research on what cause the
different mass extinctions. I know there are
different theories but I only found concrete info
on the 65 million years ago extinction. What was
the cause of the 245 million years ago mass
|16: ||Can you please list different ways that nuclear
power plants are being safe. What items are there
and what are researchers researching about
Nuclear Energy Safety?
|17: ||The question is about oil or petroleum. Does this
come from animals or also from plants. Why is
petroleum a liquid and coal solid? Is it that
coal is older and pressed down longer?
|18: ||Why is it that tornadoes do not form on coastal
states like California, but they form more in the
central states such as Kansas?
|19: ||Why did large animal evolve in nature? Aren't
they kind of useless like too big need lots of
space and food?
|20: ||Serratia marcescens is red at 25 C and white at
37 C. I did an experiment and checked it in a
book. I know that this is due to a pigment.
But, if the colonies thrive at both temperatures
why the change in color? Is one more helpful or
|21: ||How do different biome affect population ecology? |
|22: ||Why does all the smoke in the air change the ozone
amount? We were not allowed to play outside
yesterday at our school because the air was so bad.
|23: ||If in the Inertidal zone there are organisms in
the water how can they survive in the water with
nothing to eat? What do they eat? How? How warm
must the water be? Can they live if the water
gets hotter or colder? How? Why?
|24: ||Why do different animals live in different zones
of the ocean?
|25: ||What cleansing procedures do personnel destined
for Biosafety Level Four have to go through?
|26: ||I've heard that according to Darwin's theory of
evolution Man and monkey have a common ancestor
is this true and what is this ancestor?
|27: ||Why is the ozone layer disappearing only in
|28: ||What is acid rain and what causes it?
|29: ||I was mixing up a solution or iron (III) nitrate
for my chemistry class to do a lab on
equilibrium. Of course, as the iron nitrate
dissolved, the solution took on a brownish color,
characteristic of the Fe (III) ion. The solution
needed to be mixed with a few ml of conc. nitric
acid. When the acid was added to the solution,
the brownish color left, and the solution became
clear - colorless with maybe a slight purple
tint. OK, what happened to the color? The
Fe(III) is still in solution (I think)...seems
like it should retain the color. Could it have
been oxidized to something higher that is
colorless? What's with the purple? Help.
|30: ||Yesterday my teacher saw a lot of robins, between
50-100, all standing still facing the south as if
at attention. They were not moving for several
minutes. Can you explain this? We had some
severe weather later in the day and evening that
included very high winds and according to the
weather maps, the storms were from the south. Is
|31: ||What is a fossil in which minerals replace all or
part of an organism called.
|32: ||My dad told that when low pressure system moves
in (like before a storm) some animals reduce
their activity. He said, that some people thought
that this was natures way of making animals
bed-up to be safe before and during a storm , it
|33: ||Forest have been called America's renewable
resource. Under what circumstances might
woods,trees or forests be a nonrenewable
resource? What are the processes for
preserving forests as a renewable resource?
|34: ||When do you think the world will end?
|35: ||Hello, I was wondering, do Fresno Kangaroo Rats
(Dipodomys nitratiodes exilis) have a subspecies?
Everywhere I looked they said not certain or
unknown. Thanks again!
|36: ||Hi. My name is Chase Melton. I am a seventh
grader at Santa Barbara Junior High School. I am
doing a research report on the Desert Slender
Salamander (Batrachoseps aridus). I would like to
ask you some questions. How long have Desert
Slender Salamanders been living for? How much
they weigh? Thanks for your time.
|37: ||What are the historic and current populations of
the Mission Blue Butterfly?
|38: ||Is there a way to re-thicken our ozone layer?
|39: ||How much will the sea level rise if we don't stop
|40: ||How many forests get destroyed over the years?
|41: ||To hatch an egg, why does it have to be warm? Why
cant it be room temperature?
|42: ||What are some ways animals use colours?
|43: ||If the buildings were knocked down where once a
vernal pool was, would they be able to restore it?
|44: ||The other day I was at East Beach in Santa Barbara, and there were piles of foam sitting on the beach. It looked like soap suds in big piles, and they were blowing around the beach. I was wondering what causes foam like that and to sit on the beach and if there was some bacteria or something that was in it? Thanks for your time!
|45: ||Are oil rigs good for our community or not? And if it is how?
|46: ||What are greenhouse gases? How do greenhouse gases
affect the earth?
|47: ||Would it be possible to get energy from ocean
Has anyone ever tried to do this?
If so, where can I find other information
|48: ||Can you give me some info on mass land movement?
|49: ||How do we use wind energy?
|50: ||I was wondering is a large amount of rainfall
affects the density of a small body of water? For
example if it rains a lot in a pond will the
density change or stay the same? |
|51: ||I have a few questions regarding the plants and
animals on the Channel Islands. |
learning from Dr. Atwater about the geological
origin of the islands and their trip up from the
San Diego area by way of plate movement I became
curious about the Torrey Pine being in both the
San Diego area and on Santa Rosa Island.
Does this mean the pines traveled up on the
Could this also mean other plants
made their way up in the same way?
certain plants that did not exist at that time
indicating a trip across the channel the only
Might animals have
traveled up on the island the same way or is
millions of years too long ago for contemporary
What animals other than the
Pygmy mammoth were once out there but are now no
We are studying about plant
and animal dispersal and the effects of island
isolation on these plants and animals and these
and other questions arise. We are aware that
certain conditions must be present for a plant or
animal to establish itself on the island but we
would like to know if there is any evidence of
species being there but not making it to present
day, either due to climatic changes, predation,
influence of man, or some other reason.
information or direction towards sources would be
|52: ||How do small animals protect their young?
|53: ||Are there clouds on other planets? If so,
wouldn't there have to be water to form the coulds?
|54: ||Why did people evolve into different races?
|55: ||What came first the chicken or the egg?
|56: ||If dolphins and whales are ocean mammals, how is
that whales are large and dolphins small? I am
asking this question because I read here that
whales being mammals can grow large as they
don't have the physical restrictions they would
have on land. So why does it not apply to
|57: ||Why do paradoxical frogs shrink as they grow
|58: ||Iceland characterizes for its eruptions and
earthquakes. How do Icelanders take advantage of
Iceland’s volcanic nature? |
|59: ||When do sperms come in the human body?
|60: || How are hurricanes named? I would like to know
how Hurricane Isaac got its name. |
|61: ||Why Europe does not have any tropical climates? |
|62: ||Are any organisms' habitats being fragmented or
destroyed in the arctic wetlands? |
|63: || Why isn't Venus livable if it's just like Earth? |
|64: ||I live in the Catskill Mountains. My grandma has
polliwogs in a pond near her house. It's going
be freezing in a couple of nights. Will the
polliwogs all die? |
|65: ||Which is the hottest desert in the world? |
|66: ||What is goldfish? How do goldfish live? Where do
goldfish live? What do goldfish eat? What are
goldfish habitats? |
|67: ||Why people living in India and UK have different
eye color ? |
|68: ||Why was hurricane Katrina so devastating? |
|69: ||What do plants need to grow? |
|70: ||How does erosion affect us? |
|71: ||How does magnetism affect Earth? |
|72: || |
My science experiment is about plants
to their environment to reach light.I have one
plant in each of my three boxes. In each box
is a cut out hole and the hole is in a different
area, in which the plant must adapt. My first
1. I have planted my sweet peas but it takes
them around 10 days to sprout. When do I record
my data table?
2. How should I record its growth when it hasn't
even sprouted ?
3. Once it sprouts, should I record its growth as
Then, should I record every 2 day or 3
days? Thank you very, much for your help !
|73: ||Are there any diseases borne in or more
importantly on the skins of bananas which could
adversely affect human health? What kinds of
chemical agents are used in the fumigation of
bananas to kill pests or "hitchikers" in transit
from the growing fields to our homes?If bananas
are treated with chemicals en route from the
fields to our homes, can the chemicals 1) leech
deep into the skins of the fruit and 2) can\'t
they leech into the boxes the bananas are shipped
in making the boxes unsafe for re-packing other
food products in? Thanks. |
|74: ||Say, I was lost in the wilderness. All I could
was moss. I was really cold. Would I be able to
use that moss as some type of blanket? |
|75: ||How is sound energy used in this world? |
|76: ||What are the effects of melting ice in the
North/South Poles? |
|77: ||Why doesn't it snow in Santa Barbara? |
|78: ||I've been searching for an eco-friendly Science
project to do and I can't find one.. Any ideas? |
|79: ||How do the clouds move? |
|80: ||How do people help plants? |
|81: ||If a bus with passengers is moving an amount of
CO2 released by the vehicle itself as
well as by
the passengers, is this amount of CO2
smaller than the CO2 released only by
passengers if they were riding their bikes? |
|82: ||What is an ecosystem and what is it made of? |
|83: ||Is it possible to refill the holes of ozone? Can
a new compound be discovered which could act as a
protective covering for earth from harmful rays of
the sun? If this is possible, please tell me the
elements which are protective in function to UV
rays . Can you send me related web sites where I
could learn more? |
|84: ||Does the amount or intensity of light affect a
plant's phenotype? |
|85: ||How fast or slow do coral reefs grow? |
|86: || Can a plant move from one place to another? |
|87: ||Hi, I am a parent at Laguna Road Elementary
School. I have been reading online about Wi Fi
radiation (EMF or high radio frequency) and the
health risk in children. I am concern about it
and heard that in France they are pursuing "wired"
technology in their schools. Our school plans to
implement iPads (wireless) next year for each
child as part on the 21st Century Technology
Initiative. Do you have or know of any research
that can help me understand this further? What
are the risks since the technology is fairly new?
I know that the FTC's guidelines are outdated
since their standards are based on the 1950's or
something a long time ago. I have looked at EMF
portal's website and found things but I think we
need someone (ie. Physicist or person who works in
the field) who is more knowledgeable to put things
in perspective. I think of UV radiation and
smoking when I think of WiFi radiation. I would
not like to find out years later of the harmful
effect. I would
rather have it tested out to be safe then use it,
if possible. There will be many children affected
by this. Please help us understand better.Thank
you for your time.
|88: ||How do pandas look like?
|89: ||If dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago
and humans only came about .25 millions ago, our
perception of dinosaurs and how they look
(courtesy movies such as Jurassic Park) is just
conjecture- albeit a brilliant one- is it not? We
can't really know what they looked like, can we?
Even the accuracy of our technology ca\'t ever be
truly determined, can it?
|90: ||Do invertebrates change colors like the
chameleon's do? |
|91: ||How do fraternal twins differ from identical twins? |
|92: || Are their any fossils that haven't been found yet? |
|93: ||How does weather and climate affect human activities? |
|94: ||Why did some ships and planes disappear in the
Bermuda Triangle? |
|95: ||What causes small animals to grow, while big
animals tend to shrink? (over long periods of
time) My teacher was talking about how for example
spiders used to be bigger? But how can that be?
Yes I learned some things about evolution and how
over long periods of time things tend to change,
but why shrink? Why grow? |
|96: ||Why does the central US have the most tornadoes in
the US? What are the causes? Thanks |
|97: ||How does a tree get turned into paper? |
|98: ||What is the most dangerous storm? |
|99: || What kind of storms happen in winter? |
|100: || What is a storm? |
|101: ||What is the process that makes fruits and
vegetables to grow? |
|102: ||Who discovered lighting? |
|103: ||Why is it detrimental to the environment and
humans when batteries are not disposed of in a
|104: ||Why can one volcanic eruption produce more deadly
gases than all the emissions of every car that has
ever been used. And why is the average temperature
of the earth getting colder? |
|105: ||Why is there no snow on the ground near the edges
of large lakes? |
|106: || Why whales cannot breathe in water? |
|107: || My husband was bitten/stung by something - we
think a spider of some sort, last May. The bite
was painless. It started as mosquito bite size and
went through the same progression/symptoms as a
Hobo spider bite. I had the same thing happen 3
weeks ago and am still recovering from the "bite".
Do we have Hobo spiders in Santa Barbara? We never
saw what bit us, what could it be? I'm still
recovering.Thank you. |
|108: ||Why do plants need water? |
|109: ||I cannot find the kind of degrees that an
oceanographer needs. Can you help me? |
|110: ||How do acid rain works? |
|111: || I am from Texas and I'm doing a project over the
pros of desalination for school. I was wondering
if you could give me any insight to the advantages
of desalination and is desalination going to be
used a lot more in the USA. What are the cost and
resources? In your opinion, will desalination be
are main source of fresh water in 20-30 years.
Any information is greatly appreciate. |
|112: ||Is it true that the earth's core is made of metals
iron and nickel, and that the earth's crust is
made of mostly the elements of silicon and oxygen?
|113: ||Are humans responsible for global warming? How
much co2 does a volcano emit? |
|114: ||How much salt water is in the ocean, and how much
fresh water is there? |
|115: ||Is the amount of rainfall in an area correlated to
the amount of litter in local creeks and streams?
How? Is there a small or large correlation? |
|116: ||How many tornadoes do we have every year? |
|117: ||How did dolphins evolve from dogs that lived by
the ocean? |
|118: ||Why do we use nuclear energy?
|119: ||Why do we use nuclear energy? What are some
constructive examples of nuclear energy? What are
destructive properties of nuclear energy? |
|120: || What do Meerkats need to survive? |
|121: ||I am doing a science fair project over the amounts
of BPA found in soda. I was wonder if it is
possible to test BPA in soda and how do I measure
this? Do I need to use a machine to calculate this
and where would I get access to one? |
|122: ||How do animals help the environment? |
|123: || How the owl camouflage to survive? |
|124: ||Do you know how climate change accurs and why it
happens? Do you know what wwf-international is
doing about it? |
|125: || The ice on the North and South Pole appears to be
melting, and this appears to be from burning
fossil fuels. nComparing continuing to burn fossil
fuels with suddenly switching to solar roofs and
bicycling and walking and not flying in airplanes,
what would be the difference in future world
temperatures, and how would this affect world food
|126: ||How much space does the nuclear waste from a power
plant take up?
|127: ||What would happen if there were no trees in the world? |
|128: ||Thank you for your time. I live in Mexicali,
Mexico. The temperature here goes from 30F to 70F
in Winter, and from 80F to 124F in Summer. I want
to install solar cells in my backyard, how does
temperature affect the production of electricity? |
|129: ||What is the difference between a "Biome" and an
ecosystem and why are there different numbers of
|130: ||Why is global warming so confusing? |
|131: ||Does the amount of water change the color of the
|132: ||In the future, how do you think we will "protect"
ourselves from global warming?
|133: ||A few of my classmates and I are preparing a
demonstration lab for our college chemistry class.
We want to do the “carbon snake” where nitro
aniline and sulfuric acid is heated to 392 degrees
Fahrenheit but we can’t find how to properly
dispose of the tower that is formed. We know that
the gases formed can go out the fume hood but
don’t know about the remains. Our teacher won’t
let use preform the experiment unless we get answers.
|134: || |
Much of science fascinates me and I find that the
more I learn, the
better I understand the world around us. One of my
main interests was
herpetology and having observed different lizards
in the wild as well as
consulting various knowledgeable people in the
field it has in fact
brought me to ask a few questions about humans and
why we do what we do.
I am currently studying psychology.
With slight variations within a species having
created a sub-species it
begged the question about humans and namely racial
researching it on the internet it brought me to
your website and namely
Does this imply that there are indeed sub-species
of Homo sapiens? If
so; what are they? Are there any scholarly
articles about this subject?
If you could point me in the right direction, I
would appreciate it.
|135: ||Compared to several decades ago, do you think the
Internet has changed people's lives?
|136: ||DPA was recently removed from sandwich bags. Why?
Did they do something to the food inside? |
|137: ||Hi, I am a freshman in high-school and I was
wondering if magnets can cause any long term
affects like cancer or some other type of disease.
I would like to hear back. Thank you for your time.
|138: || Hi! My AP Environmental Science class is in the
midst of learning about renewable & nonrenewable
resources. We are also talking about oil drilling
in Santa Barbara County.We are wondering what the
main difference is between fracking and cyclic
steaming. What are the pros and cons involved
with each and what types of drilling is best for
our environment.We look forward to hearing from
you. We are hoping to get some different
perspectives on this--like from geologists,
biologists, chemists & environmentalists. Thanks!
Laura :) |
|139: ||How does the aftermath of wars affect the environment? |
|140: ||What are some causes that are making the ozone
|141: ||Hi Scienceline, My friend and I need a bit of
information on Salinity in the Murray Darling
Basin. How does salinity get into the Murray
Darling Basin? Has the salinity rates gone higher
or lower? How does the Murray River flow into the
ocean? Is the poor irrigation getting worse? |
|142: ||Hello, my name is Will and I am an AP Chemistry
student at Milton High School in Massachusetts.
For our final project, my partner and I are really
interested in the explosive polymerization of
4-nitroaniline reaction that you had on your
here. We have access to all the chemicals, yet
we want to be as safe as possible. Since we are
not exactly sure what the reaction produces, would
a high school fume hood be sufficient protection?
Also, how should we safely dispose of the product?
Thank you very much for your time,
|143: ||How do clouds contain water? And how do clouds
absorb water? |
|144: ||By providing artificial light during nights when
the sun does not shine, will it be possible to get
|145: ||I want to know about apex predators. Why are they
so important for nature? When no one hunt them,
how is their population controlled by nature? |
|146: ||Can you tell me why the atmosphere is important?
|147: ||When was first dinosaur fossil discovered?
|148: || I put 8 oz. of water in a cup and added enough
ice to make it 12 oz. When the ice melted it was
still 12 oz. So if the polar ices melted, would it
not cause flooding because it is all the same volume? |
|149: ||Why humans do not have tail?
|150: ||Why is it colder at a higher altitude when
technically it is closer to the sun?
|151: ||We all know that plants do respiration at night
and give CO2 at night, but in the
morning when they have just started photosynthesis
and giving oxygen we go on a morning walk and we
say that we are taking oxygen in the morning!Is
not the concentration of CO2 going to
be higher in the morning!!?
|152: ||Why do we have hair? |
|153: ||Is it possible that a fossil could make its way
from South America to Australia, and only be found
in those countries?
|154: ||Why is weather important in people's lives?
|155: ||Dear Scientists,
We all know that skin types were best suited for
people in their own natural habitat and countries,
what would be the Fitzpatrick skin type best for
Toulouse, France and Aix en Provence, France. Is
it skin type II or Skin type III or which
Fitzpatrick type? Thank you
|156: ||How tall was Mt. Everest before wind erosion and
water erosion happened?
|157: ||Why plants cannot move from place to place? |
|158: ||What will happen if people want to visit Earth's
crust, will they die because it is so hot or is it
just really dangerous? What will also happen if
you die right in the middle of the crust?
|159: ||What is the easiest way to distinguish a type of
|160: ||How does the level of light affect the rate of
|161: ||Say all of the plants on Earth were to die off
tomorrow, what could be some possible causes and
could humans survive it? |
|162: ||How does the sun warm the earth ? |
|163: ||What kind of paper absorbs more heat? What color
paper absorbs the most heat? Does paper absorb
heat under a light bulb? |
|164: ||what happens during lightning?
|165: ||Where does lightning come from?
|166: ||In what form is most of Earth's fresh water found? |
|167: ||Hello, Science Line,
Although Nitrogen can combine with chemicals to
produce unpleasant byproducts as a result of fuel
combustion (nitrogen oxides in smog, etc.), I was
wondering if atmospheric nitrogen can actually be
harnessed (somewhat like atmospheric oxygen) to
produce power in any way? Although nitrogen has a
strong tendency for inertness, since it makes up
the bulk of air, it is a shame that it cannot be
harnessed somehow -- are there any oxidizers/fuels
which can be made to react
energetically/explosively with nitrogen gas,
especially under heat and/or pressure? Thank
you very much.
|168: ||Why does the moon turn red at times? And why is
the sky blue? Can the sky turn into another color,
and if so what color? |
|169: ||Why does the inner core is solid state though the
temperature is very high? |
|170: ||What things do people make out off nuclear energy? |
|171: ||What are the predictions of earth's climate in the
|172: ||Hello, People evolved and selected by the genes
which adapted to the environment that are favor to
them. So, for example, people who live at the
higher latitude area have lighter skin color, and
vise verse, people live near the equator have
darker skins for the ultra-violate protection
reason. If a white couple (their grandpa and
grandma and the past generations are all white)
move to somewhere near equator, and then the
generations past on (and all of their offspring
mate with pure white people), will their skin
color change because of any environment reason?
Thank you so much for taking time to answer this! |
|173: ||How were the bones preserved from the La Brea tar
|174: ||How different is the sky in the morning and the
sky at night? Why we can not see the stars in the
morning or in the day? |
|175: ||How do plants interact with their environment?
Please give me an answer. |
|176: ||Why are whales mammals and not fish? |
|177: ||What angle from a solar panel receives the most
power from the sun? My groups hypotheses is a 60*
angle but so far from now a 90* angle is receiving
more power, WHY?` |
|178: ||How dose weather affect our daily lives?
|179: ||Does the temperature of the water affect submarine
|180: ||How does extreme weather effect climate change? |
|181: ||What causes global warming? |
|182: ||How much land would be covered if the ice caps of
the South Pole melted? I did not include the North
Pole because I know it would not effect
|183: ||What is the temperature in the North and South Poles?
|184: ||Why are people going through puberty at younger
ages than they used to? |
|185: ||How many times has the earth experienced complete
ice cap melt? Is there a pattern? |
|186: ||Where does most hurricanes occur in the United
|187: ||Why does not all rising air form clouds?
|188: ||What would happen if there were no deserts?
|189: ||When did humans first start roaming the earth
about how many years ago ?
|190: ||What is one weather condition that can limit the
growth of a population?
|191: ||If stingrays like warm water which we had in
Ventura a month ago, where do they go now that the
water is like 55F, cold!? I know they liked the
water because I got stung by one. |
|192: ||How are tornadoes being affected by climate change? |
|193: ||I often hear this phrase, when discussing the
California drought, "We are just letting the water
go down into the ocean!" How does the water that
goes "into the ocean" replenish our environments
own water supply? What do we risk by damning the
|194: ||What is the most abundant greenhouse gas? What are
the things that produce that specific chemical?
What are the things that produce the most carbon
|195: ||I am doing a project on animal migration and my
question is what animals migrate in the pond and
|196: ||What would the world be like without the Earth's
|197: ||Given that many modern day containers, utensils,
cookwear, clothing,...are coated or composed of
types of plastic which are publically recognized
as having the ability to transfer\'estrogeni\'
chemicals to whatever they come in contact with,
is it possible that these 'estrogenic' compounds
may be a contributor to decreases in fertility,
neurological conditions and obesity in the
population as a whole? Could this also be a
contributor to a decreased sex-drive in women,
given that testosterone is the 'sex-drive
hormone'? Thank you for your time. |
|198: || Does the earth create more dirt? Why do all past
civilizations have to be "dug up"? |
|199: ||I have heard that the icecaps and such are not
melting and instead they have doubled in size
since the last two years. Is this true? I heard
that it was sponsored and they basically lied to
the public and if there is any chance for us to go
into another ice age, it is higher now. But not in
a very very very long time. Can you explain? |
|200: ||Could the regeneration process in some animals be
quickened by selective breeding or cross breeding
with two animals that both poses this function?
Could one animal that poses the regeneration
function breeding with an animal that does not
have it; if so would the offspring have the
function of regeneration of limbs or other body parts? |
|201: || In books it says if the earths temperature rises
3 1/2 degrees the pole ice caps would melt but how
is that possible if the temperature changes more
than 3 degrees all the time? |
|202: ||Why do plant cells need to live? |
|203: ||As a physics teacher I've always been puzzled by
the movement of weather systems from west to east.
Seems to me the rotation of the Earth and the low
frictional drag on the atmosphere would result in
a east to west movement? |
|204: ||Why and how does the atmosphere help the earth? |
|205: ||What kind of animals eats elephants? What kind of
animals eats cheetahs,lions, tigers, leopards,and
wild cats? |
|206: ||Why the ocean is clear in the tropical latitudes
and more turbid, cloudy, murky off the California
|207: ||What is the difference between producer, consumer,
and decomposer? |
|208: ||How can the wind help the plants and animals to
|209: ||Which ocean moderates the temperatures of eastern
|210: ||Global warming is causing the melting of glaciers.
Consequences of this is that sea level is
increasing but it is said that rainfall is
decreasing in spite of increasing due to high
evaporation rate made by increasing in the
temperature of sunlight reaching Earth that causes
evaporation. Why is it so? |
|211: || How does precipitation affect humans? |
|212: || |
Does hydrogen peroxide have cellular damage to
I am a Water Treatment Operator and have
thought about using Hydrogen Peroxide as a form of
disinfection hoping that the creation of hydroxyl
radicals will be what eliminates the bacteria
problem I have in a water well. However, I was
reading that these types of facultative bacteria
also have an enzyme called "catalase" that
catalyzes the reaction of hydrogen peroxide to
O2 and water.
Will the catalase eventually cease its
reactions and allow for the Hydrogen Peroxide to
begin its cellular damage to the bacteria?
|213: ||Do ocean wind/currents affect temperature?
|214: ||How close or, far out is science in creating a
plan to help advance the repairing of the ozone layer? |
|215: || I am doing a project on hurricanes and I need to
know how tall a hurricane can be and what the
biggest hurricane was? |
|216: ||I am trying to find a way to collect rainwater and
preserve it's pH so that it can be titrated to
find the Molar concentration and then the pH. (No
cheating with a pH probe :)!) I have searched and
not found a direct answer to be sure that the
collect rainwater does not change pH levels. I
have no specialized equipment... Any suggestions?
Thanks for any help you can offer!
|217: ||How do deep sea fishes survive in such water pressure? |
|218: ||Can we invent a machine which could launched in
that part of the sky where pollution is intense
and by that machine we can use pollution as a
source of energy to generate electricity? |
|219: ||Has a dinosaur ever been found that was split
between two continents? As in, part of the body
found on one continent and the rest on another
|220: ||How does salinity, water temperature, depth,
waves, tides, and ocean currents affect starfish?
|221: ||What type of problems would result if everyone
heated their home with coal? |
|222: ||What is weather? |
|223: ||Why dinosaurs become extinct? |
|224: ||Can moss determine direction when you are lost? |
|225: ||I am teaching an upper-level environmental science
course, the lecture is on photosynthesis,
respiration, and global climate change. A student
in the class, in looking at the chemical equations
for both processes, is trying to reason things
through about the impact that increased levels of
might have on the levels of oxygen in the
atmosphere. The student can make an argument that
the oxygen levels will decrease, but can also
provide a counter argument that it will increase.
The student is thoroughly confused and really
frustrated. How do you help your student with
|226: ||What type of damage can tornadoes do? |
|227: ||Questions for expert regarding Climate Change. |
1.What are a couple of examples of how animals have
changed because of climate change?
2. What is some
evidence that proves that climate change is
3. Can people die because of too much
carbon in the atmosphere?
4. Where is climate change
effecting in the world the most?
In your opinion,
can climate change be stopped?
5. What year is
climate change going to stop?
We are in an
investigation project for school and are trying to
get these questions answered by Tuesday, May 31.
If you are able to answer them, we would REALLY
appreciate it and were wondering if we could also
add a picture of you as our expert that we asked
questions from. If that is fine, can you also
send a picture with your answers. We are using
our teachers email because we do not have one.
Thank you sooooo much.
|228: ||On a weather map , how can you tell what direction
a front is moving? |
|229: || |
1. How do tsunamis happen?
2. How long do tsunamis last?
3. What is the difference between a tsunami and a
4. What are the similarities of a hurricane and a
5. Where do tsunamis happen most in the world?
6. Which is most destructive, a tsunami or a
|230: ||I seem to recall reading somewhere that crystal
clear sea water was not actually a good indicator
of a healthy environment from a wildlife
perspective. My understanding is that crystal
clear water is that way because it contains no
sediment/nutrients (which make the water cloudy)
and therefore, nothing for microbial life to
consume. This in turn feeds up the food chain
meaning that, while clear water appears ideal from
a human perspective, the reverse is actually true
and that it is bad from an ecological point of view?
Can you confirm this?
|231: ||Why are all humans different? We are all animals.
Is it because are we different species or race? |
|232: || Is it possible for a fish to be frozen in a block
of ice (suspended animation?) and survive? My
friend says that sometimes fish in Canada get
frozen and will thaw out in the Spring/Summer. |
|233: ||How did animals come to be after the big bang?
|234: ||How much time does it take for life to first
appear on a fresh lava flow, if the lava flow is
near the equator? Or if you see grass and or ferns
starting to grow on a lava flow; what can you say
about the age of the lava flow? |
|235: ||Why do cats have an extra toe on their front paws? |
|236: || I wonder why we have thunders? |
|237: ||What came first the chicken or
the egg? |
|238: ||What is the eye of the storm? |
|239: || I wonder why overtime my hair stopped being curly
and is now wavy. |
|240: ||How do tornadoes form? |
|241: ||Does the change in weather affect the magnitude in
an earthquake? |
|242: ||How does mental health conditions like
schizophrenia occur? How does it get into your brain?
|243: ||What are the mechanisms behind human speech? |
|244: ||What is the mechanism behind fear? |
|245: || How do droughts happen? |
|246: || Is cancer hereditary? If so, how can you prevent it? |
|247: ||Why do clouds appear to have a fluffy kind of look?
|248: || Why can't some animals not sweat? |
|249: ||Why do people kill each other? |
|250: || How was the first animal tamed? |
|251: || I wonder why people and animals talk different
|252: ||Why do animals that live in salt water only
survive in salt water and not in fresh water? |
|253: || I wonder why there are more boys than girls in
different parts of the world?
|254: ||Where did we (human beings) come from? Are we
monkeys? Are we fish or will we never know? I
think we are monkeys but not a similar one as in
the zoo, I think we are a type of monkey that we
don't know about. |
|255: ||Why do plants need water to survive?
|256: ||What does oxygen in plants mean? |
|257: ||How are birds similar to dinosaurs? |
|258: ||How do scientists measure precipitation? |
|259: ||How does the sun produce wind and surface ocean
currents on earth? |
|260: ||Is the Coriolis force affected by climate change
on Earth? |
|261: ||In which way do air conditioners contribute to
harm our environment and to global warming? |
|262: || What would be the devastation of the most
powerful nuclear bomb dropped on New York City,
within 2 miles, within 6 miles, within 10 miles,
within 30 miles? |
|263: ||Why is pollution bad? And what will happen if we
continue life as we already do with the same
pollution rates as we do today? |
|264: ||I'm doing a speech on pesticides and how their a
major factor in killing off bees. 1)Do the pros
outweigh the cons of pesticides? 2)Is there anyway
to make pesticides poisonous to a specific bug so
it doesn't kill off other insects? 3)Are the bugs
the pesticides being used for that disastrously
bad on farms? Thank you. |
|265: || What are the ocean currents that affect the
United States? |
|266: || How did oil form in Alaska and how did it shape
|267: || How do we get wind? |
|268: ||Why does a kangaroo have a pouch? |
|269: || Can animals survive if moved to a different
|270: ||Why the tail of house lizard can grow again and
that of cow cannot? |
|271: ||From your experience, what type of plants work
best with organic fertilizer and as with inorganic? |
|272: ||Can we describe viruses as being parasitic? |
|273: ||How can a fossil provide evidence that a certain
animal existed? |
|274: ||If we would be able to cool Venus down and make
it habitable, how would we benefit from it? |
|275: ||What would happen if all convection currents on
Earth stopped? |
|276: || What are different ways a human being can get
sick and how can you get rid of it? |
|277: ||Hello! I am doing a school project on trees. I saw
your article on the question
"How come plants produce oxygen even though they need
oxygen for respiration?" I have a similar
question. I am wondering if
there is a way to make trees produce more oxygen.
I know that they
produce oxygen during their photosynthesis by
using carbon dioxide,
water, and sunlight but I wonder if there is any
way to make them
produce more by giving them large amounts of those
things. Thank you
for your consideration of my question. |
|278: || What is a penguin? |
|279: ||Which are factors that does not affect fossilization?
|280: || How the extreme weather affects non-living things? |
|281: ||What are the two boundaries where volcanoes form? |
|282: || What do you think the world would be like if the
continents never separated? |
|283: ||Tell me about tornadoes. |
|284: ||What are ways that animals respond to their
|285: || How much CO2 does a cow emit in its
there significant contribution through its waste?
|286: ||Etna volcano is active with eruptions right now.
Is it the impact that Etna could have as
disastrous as Mountain Vesuvius was almost 2000
years ago? I mean it in terms of the magnitude of
the explosion, not the effects of it on the people
or the cities around. |
|287: ||Before photosynthesis appeared on the planet, from
what did the autotrophs made their food? |
|288: ||How does poop help plants grow? |
|289: ||What are the potential/occurring impacts of global
warming? Will the effects of climate change be
enough to cause the extinction of humans? If not,
what is the most probable way humans that will
become extinct? |
|290: ||What is a pesticide? |
|291: ||What physical objects or methods can help me make
non-sterile soil, sterile? |
|292: ||Since Ocean Acidification is becoming more of a
severe problem, can us people take the
the H2O and make it more purified
leaving it as H2CO3? |
|293: ||How are organic seedless grapes possible? Which is
to say how can you have seedless grapes without
genetic modification? |
|294: ||The question I was wondering about is related to
the other extinct species of humans. Are there
people living today who are related to them? How
and why did they die out and what enabled Homo
Sapiens to outlive them? And what would the world
be like if at least a few of these extinct human
species were still living today and how would they
compare to modern Homo Sapiens in intelligence and
|295: ||How come the whale bones you can find on the beach
do not look like other bones? |
|296: ||Why do spiders have eight legs? |
|297: ||Why do we have not useful body parts in our body
that can be removed with no effect? |
|298: ||My question to you is, can there ever be a man
made substitute for water that give us the same
benefits of water? I thought of this question
because I once heard that if water did not have
exactly what it has right now, we would not be
able to rely on it and we would not be able to
live. I wanted to know if that was true and if we
could use an alternative for every single molecule
that water has. In my opinion, it would be awesome
if people that did not have access to fresh water
could have another option to gain the nutrients
and hydration that water provides |
|299: ||What is the effect of weather on agriculture?
|300: ||Can the apocalypse actually happen? |
|301: ||Do rocks really tell a story? If yes, what do they
|302: ||Do plants that are different color have a
different efficiency of photosynthesis? |
|303: ||How did animals evolve into what they are now? |
|304: ||How did humans get to earth or how were they created? |
|305: ||Because Ocean Acidification is becoming a world
problem, is there any way of separating
CO2 from H2O? |
|306: ||What kind of soil would last better in a flood?
|307: ||Why do different continents have different types
of living organisms? |
|308: ||How do plants react to their surroundings?
|309: || Will there ever be a time in the future where the
sun will be harmful to humans, and if so, when
will it be?
|310: ||How can I help combat global warming and change my
lifestyle to reduce the negative impact I have on
the Earth? |
|311: ||How come geckos have the ability to regenerate
limbs and tails but can still pass away from
|312: || Why are elephants so big? |
|313: ||Is the earthquake which recently took place in
Mexico City related to the previous one close to
the Ithsmus of Tehuantepec? |
|314: ||What happens when warm air rises and cold air sinks?
|315: ||If there are stationary fronts, when the two
fronts stay in the spot, what makes the weather go
into a stop, and how do the fronts move away? |
|316: || What gases are more responsible for the
greenhouse effect? |
|317: ||If the sun blew up, would there be any way to know
before our demise? (As in like a final 5 minutes
before everyone dies.)
|318: ||Will humans be on earth in 3029? I am afraid we
are consuming lots of plants and stuff so I hope
you text me back. |
|319: ||What is the difference between a animal population
and the difference between the animal community?
|320: || I'd like to do a science experiment to see if
different size plastic particles clog up fish
gills. Any suggestions on how best to prove out
what size particles become problematic for
different levels of membrane porous? |
|321: ||What are all the ingredients of fertilizers? |
|322: ||How come the oxygen supply in the water does not
run out? |
|323: ||What are the pros and cons of using pesticides? Do
the pros outweigh the cons? Are there safe and
environmentally- friendly pesticides? Is it really
better to only farm/ purchase organic food? |
|324: ||Since Ocean acidification is becoming a bigger
problem, is there any way to take CO2
molecules from H20? |
|325: ||How do you know about the water cycle? |
|326: ||A student was wondering how much an increase of
energy a 2 degree change would be. This question
is in context of climate change and the goals of
the Paris Climate agreement. Obviously if we go
to zero degrees Celsius we don't have absolute
zero energy. So if the Earth's average energy goes
up by 2 degrees from pre-industrial levels how
much of a percentage increase is that to Earth's
energy budget? |
|327: ||What happens to the plants' roots in the different
|328: ||During a fog bank in the ocean, what is the
temperature of the water when the fog bank is
happening ? What is the temperature of the air
during a fog bank?
|329: ||Can you explain human evolution? |
|330: ||Do animals need sun or not? |
|331: ||Why do leopards have spots on their fur? |
|332: ||Why doesn’t marine life die from ammonia poisoning
from dead organisms? |
|333: ||What is the ozone layer made of?
|334: ||How does water's heat capacity contribute to wind
patterns in California? |
|335: ||Is it possible to make a rocket ship that can put
trash in the sun to reduce trash in landfills,
throwing trash into the sun without damaging the
craft? Would a space cannon (not meant to be
funny) with already compressed air launch the
rocket into space, unload the trash and just wait
for it to reach the sun? |
|336: ||Can global warming be a direct result of all the
oil we have removed, since oil I’m sure acts like
an insulation from the Earth's core temperature? |
|337: ||How does the atmosphere help life on Earth? |
|338: ||What would happen if we didn't have seeds? |
|339: ||What is Roygbiv? |
|340: ||How can we protect endangered aquatic species that
are isolated by dams?
|341: ||How do you decide which mountain lions are tagged
and which ones are not? and what are the
challenges when tagging a mountain lion and how
often are they tagged? and lastly, how often do
hikers encounter mountain lions in the Santa
Monica Mountains? |
|342: ||What is a subduction zone? |
|343: ||Can plants use CO2 released during
respiration for photosynthesis?
|344: ||What are some constructive and destructive forces
of the Colorado plateau and grand canyon? |
|345: ||How do the plants get the items needed to make food? |
|346: ||How does emission of carbon dioxide lead to global
|347: ||Do rats fart more or less than cows? |
|348: ||What causes a population to change? Is it natural
selection, variation, and adaptation? |
|349: ||How does the climate (cold, hot, rain, etc.)
affect the marine life?
|350: ||How do fossils provide evidence of continental drift? |
|351: ||Why it is windy by the sea side? |
|352: || Do you guys help save the Monarch butterflies? |
|353: ||Why do the Inuits have dark skins given that they
live close to the North Pole? |
|354: ||What is the most amount of hurricanes ever to
happen at one point in time? |
|355: ||What happens to a flower when it dies? |
|356: ||What animals reproduce both asexually and sexually? |
|357: || Why do redwoods grow to be so tall?
|358: ||What is the effect the Channel Islands have on the
beaches near Goleta and the Channel? How would
beaches nearby look different if the Channel
Islands weren’t there? |
|359: ||Why is air at sea level denser than air at high
|360: ||Why is everyone so different? How come some people
allergic to stuff while others aren’t? Is it that
some peoples DNA and molecules react to foods
and/or any kind of product differently than other
peoples' DNA? |
|361: ||How can twins look so different? |
|362: ||What causes Black Mold? Can we develop some sort
of disinfectant to prevent Black Mold? |
|363: ||Does different light tolerances affect the
metabolic rate of a plant? |
|364: ||How long can a pizza last? |
|365: ||What makes supercells? |
|366: ||What would happen if a whale didn't have a blowhole? |
|367: ||Are whales fish? |
|368: ||When was the last time it snowed in Santa Barbara,
and when will it happen again? |
|369: ||I am trying to understand if plants and animals
use the water that is released in the process of
I am teaching a class and I want to better
understand what happens to the “waste” water. |
|370: ||How do bears know when to wake up? |
|371: ||Is snow edible? |
|372: ||Why is it so cold these days in the northeast of
the United States of America?
|373: ||How much wood could a woodchuck chuck? |
|374: ||What are the "pros" of pesticides? |
|375: ||How do reptiles regenerate their body parts? Which
parts do they regenerate? How do they do that? How
many times? When? |
|376: ||Why is the temperature of the atmosphere 1700
degree Celsius? |
|377: ||I still don't understand why there are no snakes
in Hawaii. I though some snakes can swim. If some
snakes can swim then can they swim to Hawaii and
live around there? |
|378: ||Our 2.5 acre pond dried up in the extreme heat
this past summer, through evaporation and I have
some questions. Our pond is not only filled by
rainwater and runoff, but by a pond above our
pond. When the creek between the ponds dries up,
we have discovered that the rainfall is not enough
to keep our pond full. If we add aerators to our
pond with the intent of bringing colder water to
the surface, will the water in our pond remain for
a longer time? |
|379: ||Does a fast moving river respond to environment?
Would you say that a fast moving river grows and
develops over time? Thanks! |
|380: ||Do squids squirt ink? |
|381: || Would pre-Cook Hawaiians have been able to
extract any usable metals from the land? (This
goes along with questions about whether most
pre-Western cultures were hampered by their
environment-not their culture or race.)
|382: ||How do cacti obtain water? |
|383: ||Hi,I am teaching geology for my first time (new
NGSS topic for 8th grade). I have been searching
for interesting tidbits in this area (fossil and
evolutionary finds, geological formations, etc).
Can you point me to documents or share info that
my students might find interesting? Thanks. |
|384: ||When Antarctica melts, how much land will be left? |
|385: ||Why are pandas black and white? |
|386: ||Why were dinosaurs alive? Why did they die? |
|387: || Hello, I have a question about whether any
attempt has been made to boil sea water using
parabolic mirrors and then use that steam to
condense it to get water or use that steam to
generate power (via turning a turbine)? Thank you
for your help. |
|388: ||Which plants produce the most Oxygen in the
quickest way? |
|389: ||Why did Jane Goodall wanted to learn about
|390: ||When people are done with their napkins where do
they go and what happens to them? |
|391: ||Is the weight of buildings in Venice the reason
the city gets floods every year? Is the city
really sinking? |
|392: ||Why was hurricane Katrina so destructive to New
|393: ||Does our drinking water contain dead skin cells?
I've been pondering this question for quite sometime. |
|394: ||Could you please refer to me a chart of gases in the stratosphere? The question comes from this observation: if the troposphere is comprised of 78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen, .09% Argon, along with other trace gases, what are the relative percentages for gases in the stratosphere considering that Ozone is most prominent in the stratosphere? Would seem that percentage of Nitrogen, Oxygen, etc., would be decreased by presence of more Ozone? Have searched wide for the answer. Hope you can help. Thank you. |
|395: || Do carnivorous plants have both animal and plant cells or just one or the other? |
|396: || I was told the chirping sounds birds make in the mornings trigger leaves to release the oxygen. Is this true? |
|397: ||When water has been purified with ozone, are the resulting gases toxic? Is it safe to breath them? |
|398: ||What role does gene expression play in determining traits of an offspring?
|399: ||What would life be like if the earth was covered with water and humans survived? |
|400: ||How much does the temperature rise in a room according to the number of people who are in it?
|401: ||Why is CO poisoning most likely to occur in homes that are well sealed during cold winter months? |
|402: ||What are the reasons the atmosphere is important, and why? |
|403: ||I'm currently working on a project on deforestation and I was tasked to find out more info about deforestation. May you please give me info and explain how it affects biodiversity? |
|404: ||What is the relation between continental drift and the evolution? How four very different kinds of ant/termite eaters could occur in India, Africa, South America, and Australia? |
|405: ||Can Wildfires be put out with liquid nitrogen?
I read an article on your website that said that fires can be put out with liquid nitrogen but can forest fires or any larger fires also be put out with nitrogen?
|406: ||How does the lithosphere affect other layers of Earth? |
|407: ||I'm doing a debate for Science and it is about the difference between the lithosphere and the asthenosphere. Can you help me? |
|408: ||Will humans need to evolve anytime soon? If so, what will it entail? |
|409: ||For every pound of beef how much greenhouse gas is produced/released? |
|410: || Is there anyway we can prevent climate change from getting worse? |
|411: ||How do plants sense seasonal change? In other words, how can plants tell apart the seasons. |
|412: ||Why do we get the most fog in the months of June and July, when December and January are the months of year where there is the most moisture/humidity in the air? (And rainfall) |
|413: ||Can we go further than Mars with our nuclear waste? |
|414: ||Dear USCB Science Line,
Hello! How are you all are doing? With all do respect I have read your story online about cows that fart and burp on your website that was dated back in 2011 ( here. I wanted to let you know that not only cows fart and burp but all animals and us humans burp and fart too sometimes. Now I’m all for improving the environment and climate and healthy food from plants which provide health benefits. So why should we do something about cows when all animals and humans do the same thing? I don’t see what will solve the problem when it comes to burps and farts. Can you please email me back with an answer? I’m sorry, please do forgive me for sending this email if you all happen to not like what I wrote here. Thanks and God Bless! |
|415: ||Hi, I am an 8th grade student who is taking living environment. In the cellular respiration and photosynthesis explanation for plants, some information says the plant “makes” energy. Although it might turn stored energy into usable energy, energy cannot be created nor destroyed.What do you mean when saying that a plant “makes” energy? Just wanted to clear up any further misconceptions as it is just a minor detail that could lead to someone seeking information having the wrong idea. I appreciate your time and help your website has given me! |
|416: ||How do human and natural factors impact the atmosphere and weather? |
|417: || Hi! I teach an AP Environmental Science class. We are currently talking about pestilence & diseases. Our conversation turned to STDs, crabs and eyelash mites. (I know, students bring up the oddest things.) My students suddenly turned to a very odd question that is borderline appropriate but they really want to know the answer. Here it is: Do skin cells cover the testicles on a male or are they covered in taste bud cells like those that would be found on our tongue? (I guess there are websites out there & something on Tick-Tock about how the skin on the testicles are actually made of taste buds.) I hope to hear from you because this question actually got my mind wondering.... |
418 questions in the Category: environmental science.
|418: ||What would happen if you are in a hurricane or a tsunami? |
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