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403 questions in the Category: biology-marine.

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1: Do sea mammals drink sea water or how do they drink water?
2: Did whales ever walk on land?
3: What is the ecosystem? What are some common ecosystems?
4: I was wondering whether it is possible or not for life to develop in a chlorine or fluorine atmosphere, and if not could you explain why?
5: How long does it take for a swell shark egg to hatch? How big will the swell shark be and how does it know how to survive?
6: What is mimicked off bio mimicry besides the Eiffel tower?
7: I read an article about food chains and it talked about microzooplankton. What is that?
8: Do all living things go through photosynthesis?
9: I am doing a research project on the ocean's hadal zone and what type of life lives there. I was wondering if you could help me. Is it true that creatures in the hadal zone don't have ears or heads because of pressure? And is there any type of fish or plants in the hadal zone, like fish that glow in the dark, or is that just a myth?
10: If phytoplankton provides 50% of the earth's oxygen what's the other half?
11: I there an easy way to make agar plates from our local kelp? I want to do a science experiment where I use agar plate to let bacteria grow on and I thought I could make these plates myself.
12: If in the Inertidal zone there are organisms in the water how can they survive in the water with nothing to eat? What do they eat? How? How warm must the water be? Can they live if the water gets hotter or colder? How? Why?
13: Why is there life in the ocean?
14: Why do different animals live in different zones of the ocean?
15: Is it possible to make a fish glow without inserting any genes from a jellyfish or any other type of genes?
16: If all the animals and creatures were taked out of the ocean, how would the water level go down?
17: I am currently doing a science project on natural oil seeps and their effect on kelp. Though I am not finished with my experiment, I have counted bryozoans and found that petroleum kelp contained these colonies, whereas the non-petroleum kelp did not. Basically I have found that petroleum does not affect the kelp because the petroleum does not stick to the kelp, like it does to so many other organisms. My question: why does the petroleum not affect the kelp, what does the kelp have to make the petroleum not stick to it when the petroleum sticks to feathers and kayak paddles?
18: i was surprised to see one student culturing sponge cells to obtain spicules in iquest programme may i know how to grow sponge obtained from sea in lab conditions ?
19: I am doing a Science Fair experiment on the effects of electromagnetic fields on diatoms. What kind of diatoms should I use, and where may I order them?
20: Why did the legislature place a moratorium on Garibaldi commercial collection until 2002?
21: What does semicossyphus pulcher mean? What is the trophic level of a sheephead? What does it eat? What is the job in its community?
22: How does acid rain affect sea life? As a science project, I am thinking to use a group of gold fish and test on them. Could you tell me how I could get this acid, and how to test and measure this on the goldfish? Also, how does global warming, temperature, effect sea life...goldfish? Thank you very much.
23: How does a caudal keel enable some species of fish and sharks to swim fast?
24: I am doing the school science project on "If you put a goldfish in a dark room will it affect it's skin pigment". And I was wondering, if it does affect it, why would it affect it and how? And where would I find a site with information?
25: Last year when I visited the REEF the student told us a story about the octopus who left his tank and ate something from another tank. What did he eat? Do you have any other funny stories? What was the girl fish with the big mouth who turned into a boy fish?
26: What do cells come from?
27: Do different types of algae absorb different light?? After doing my experiment with a spectrophotometer and extracts of red, green and brown algae I found out that yes, they do absorb different amounts of each light. I would just like to have more information about how and why this happens. Please, I need this information as soon as possible. Thank you.
28: How do sponges survive in the ocean and how do they reproduce?
29: I have two questions: A. Did trilobites have predators? B. What did trilobites eat?
30: Did Sea Scorpions eat any kind of Trilobite?
31: I am aware that cells are differentiated into their particular functions. Furthermore, cells reproduce constantly. However, how do these cells "know" where their "cosmetic boundaries" are? For example, why don't your lip cells reproduce right into your cheek area? Why don't eyebrow-producing epithelial cells grow hair up into your forehead?
32: Why are skin cells undergoing mitosis continuously?
33: Why dose blood turn red when it touches the air?
34: How many living things are there?
35: I'm doing my science fair project on 'does the color of the water effect the fish's life span?' using food colouring to dye the water do you think this will kill them?
36: How are the gametes different from other cells in the body?
37: How does the endocrine system work in regards to nutrition and metabolism?
38: We are learning about cnidarians and their nematocysts. My question is: can they sting each other?
39: I know why algae are different colors but how does their color affect their function?
40: How does anesthesia make you not feel anything?
41: I have heard that there are two main theories to the evolutionary origins of life, RNA first and metabolism first, can you give me some information on both?
42: What are the three branches of life?
43: Do cells have brains?
44: What would happen if a red blood cell was damaged?

We have one koi and about 14 fish that are comets or goldfish in a swimming pool converted to a pond. They are about 5 inches or so long at about 1 year of age. Very robust and active. Four of them are basically white. Of the four, two have some deep orange spots naturally on them. I just noticed today that the white on the fish is turning a washed out yellow/orange color. They were seemingly pure white before. Now fins and head particularly are turning organish. I'm worried about their health. One website that sells koi food says this is due to liver function. Can that be correct? If so, what do we change? We are feeding Tetramin and a special koi food.

We are in Hawaii so the temperature is in the 80's. Full sunlight on the pool. The pool is about 15,000 gallons with deep areas at 8' on one end. The water is not filtered, aerated or treated in any other way and is very green as my husband is under the impression that it is a large enough body of water to not need extra care. We have two water hyacinth plants in with them. The fish eat the fish food, algae and bugs that fall into the water. The comets/goldfish we bought were sold as feeder fish" and we put them into the pond when they were only a few inches. They are now robust in girth, about 5 long in the body and very active. But I wonder what this symptom may mean in terms of nutrients and water quality?

46: For my career, I want to study marine mammals, but I don't know what to major in. I have heard that I can get my major in Zoology and my minor in Marine Biology or vise versa. I just wanted to ask you what you think I should do and if you knew of any good colleges in Florida that offer those programs.

Hello, i am doing a project on gel electrophoresis and just had a few questions.

-What is the basic process?
-What is it used for? What fields?
-How is the gel prepared/made?
-How are the DNA segments tracked?
-Could the average person conduct their own gel electrophoresis experiment?

Any answers to any of these questions would be greatly appreciated.

Thank You

48: What physical ailment can happen to the red blood cell?
49: Do jellyfish sting or attack other jellyfish?
50: To make genetic mutations do you have to change DNA or RNA? Why?
51: How do electric eels produce electricity?
52: How does a blue ring octopus kill a human being?
53: Since most oceanic food chains depend on upwelling to get the nutrients into the light zone, how do the fires in southern california affect the same food chains with all the nutrients that are blown out to sea? Then upwelling or not there is a sudden flood of nutrients in the light zone. Hello to my fellow grad students.
54: What will happen to our Nervous System if we have lost our ability to see?
55: How was earth created and how did life begin on this planet?
56: Where are mature T lymphocytes after disappear the thymus?
57: Why nerve cells can't reproduce?
58: Why are you not crushed by atmospheric pressure?
59: I want to be a vet that works with sea animals only, what would that be called? Could you email me some info on being a vet that only works with marine animals?
60: Do you get different cells everyday?
61: Can you be alive with no cells?
62: Hi! I am working on a science fair project for my chemistry class. My question for my project is: How does concentrations of Pseudontzchia, the phytoplankton found in seawater that can produce domoic acid affect intertidal invertebrates? Would you use a plankton net to collect seawater samples of phytoplankton and other organisms? In my experiment I am thinking of taking the pH levels for each quantity of seawater to test the acidity of each sample I take. Do you know anything about domoic acid and its relationship to phytoplankton? I have found a few research sources on the subject in regards to domoic acid but not enough to help me experiment.
63: Hello, I am starting a science project and I am interested in algae. I had one question though, what do algae do that is beneficial to marine life or the enviornment? Thank you, I look forward to hearing from you.
64: How do marine invertebrates decompose in the ocean after death?
I am working on a science project related to taphonomy and the decomposition of soft bodied invertebrate ocean specimens inside of alcohol jars for laboratory research.
Could you help me?

65: I am doing a project and I wanted to test how does dioxin affect the burrowing speed of a mole crab. I Know dioxin is really toxic, but I was wondering if we could work with it or not. If not, do you have any suggestions on another product or pesticide, something that is harming or is in the ocean that may affect the speed? Thank you very much
66: how does a boy/girl get different sex organs than each other
67: Why do people have tissue to support their bones and joints?
68: What is a chromsome and what does it do?
69: What helps cell divide?
70: How many times a day does a cell divide?
71: What is some evidence for evolution?
72: I went to Goleta Beach today to pick up some kelp for my science lesson this week. I found some really neat holdfast at the end of a mass of kelp! I cut it off to take that home. I have attached a few photos of it. Could either of you tell me more about it? It makes sense that the holdfast would be on the ocean floor. But I wonder about the shells attached. Do either of you know what kind of sea creature that this type of shell is from? These shells are also all over the beach. Is it typical for shelled sea animals to be underneath the holdfast of kelp? I'm interested in doing an inquiry type lesson with my class (for social studies) in addition to my science lesson, but I'd like to know more about what I found. This structure is very interesting!
73: What is carbon monoxide poisoning and why is it lethal to humans? What is the chemical reaction that occurs in the body when carbon monoxide is inhaled?
74: How does noise pollution from traffic affect the environment? What animals does it specifically affect?
75: Why is it that chicken meat is white, pig meat is pink, and cows meat is red? Does diet play a factor?
76: I noticed that this summer we had lots of sun in Ventura and very little red tide and wondered if there is a connection? Has this been studied? Hello to all of you grad students.
77: 1. What is the difference between biodegradation and bioremediation?
78: Why do only Eukaryotic cells have nucleuses?
79: What are the main functions of the lymphatic system?
80: How carbon dioxide is carried in the blood?
81: Do cells attack each other? If so,Why?
82: How do you know that the cells in your body are alive?
83: When putting your finger through fire, why doesn't your skin burn?
84: Is it the actual mold or the mold juice that is used to make antibiotics?
85: How you scientists would define the words genes, genetics, and heredity?
86: In the field of Genetics, what does it mean a trait and hybrid?
87: I would like to know what is an allele?, what is a recessive allele?, and what is a dominant allele?
88: How fast do nerves send signals to and from the brain?
89: Why is it when you mix a white mouse with a colored one, it comes out with a different color?
90: How do animals camouflage?
91: Why do you have red blood cells couldn't they be any color or are they red for a specific reason?
92: If Darwin's theory states that humans evolved from monkeys, why are there still monkeys?
93: How much oxygen should a fish really "take in"?
What should the water temperature be?

94: How much oxygen should a comet goldfish (comet feeder) "take in"?
95: How many gill movements (gills moving "in and out") should a comet golfish breathe/do in 1 minute?
96: Does calcium carbonate help fish live and breathe?
97: How can fetus or adult stem cells be used to develop organs? Have there been experiments conducted using stem cells? How can a stem cell be removed, without endangering the life of the fetus?
98: Can sharks see color?
99: When the earliest organism grew, did ti go extint after new ones grew?
100: What do animals have,that we don't have?
101: Are cells a big part of our bodys?
102: Do Giant Japanese Crabs bite?
103: Does your eye color affect your eye sight??
104: Why are whales so big?
105: Why are sea turtles almost extincted ?
106: How does lead poisoning affect the development of babies both while they are in the womb and after birth? Thanks!

The theory goes that mutation is the raw material for evolution. Existing sequences of DNA, some of which codes for functional proteins, other sections dont, have random changes in their nucleotide sequence over time, that may persist and dawn reproductive advantage onto carriers of that gene.

I know that changes in the nucleotide sequences of the same gene have been observed across species, like in the genes that code for polypeptides in cytochrome C and hemoglobin. Based on this evidence a sort of evolutionary time line can be developed to show how far back organisms diverged from a common ancestor by comparing the numbers of differences in nucleotide sequence.

In the study of genomes thus far, is there any evidence that suggests a related sequence of nucleotides that result in different functional proteins? Not all organisms have the same proteins, so wouldnt we expect to find that when we find a novel protein on the evolutionary tree, that the nucleotide sequence that codes for that protein would be analogous or similar to a the sequence for a different functional protein? I havent come across anything on this front and was wondering what the experts know. Thanks and I hope you have lots to be thankful for! Sincerely, Bret Klopfenstein Ventura HS

108: Can you please tell me the digestive timeline for protein, fat, and starch?
109: Which is the color of light not reflected by chlorophyll?
110: How are scientific names developed?
111: What elements are present in the body?
112: Will food coloring kill fish?
113: Can fish live in colored water?
114: How are sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide significant to the process of photosynthesis?
115: We need bacteria for a science project; the name is Acinetobacter calcoaceticus RAG-1. Is this dangerous bacterium? Does work with it need to be done at a special lab?
116: How would you measure Ultra Violet light on green algae? What units of measurements would you use for measuring Ultra Violet light?
117: What information is coded into DNA?
118: Why does ammonia magnetize iron? I did a science project where I was trying to see what liquids would rust nails and when I put nails into ammonia, they didn't rust, but were magnetic when I removed them. Why? Also, when I did the same thing with milk, the nails turned a darl bluish-grey. Why?
119: What causes that shock I feel when my body comes into contact with metal?
120: We had a paddleboard race on Saturday from Goleta beach to Leadbetter beach and for the first two miles saw hundreds of large, brown jellyfish. So I wondered what species and how bad their sting is, they looked gnarly (scientific term)!? They were about 1 foot in diameter and looked like kelp bubbles when the wind caught the edge of their top. Long, 2ft+ tentacles. Fortunately no one was stung to my knowledge.

I'm a substitute teacher from Canada. I am presently teaching my class about different biomes. The great barrier reef was a common interest amongst the students. I must admit I know nothing about this subject. I have done some research concerning these topics below, and unfortunately I have encountered some difficulties. I was hoping you could help me provide the proper information for my class and I. I'd greatly appreciate it. I would need this information by Tuesday the 25th, 2010 at the latest. Thank you so much.

I need to know the following:
Major Flora- (just a few examples)
Major Fauna- (just a few examples)
Water- Resources
Water- Fresh Water Supply
Water- Percipitation
Food web- Consumers
Food web- Decomposers
Food web- Predation
Food web- Mutualism
Food web- Commensalism
Human- Encroachment
Human- Land Development
Human- Exploitation
I can't thank you enough.

122: What school is best to go to be a vet?

I'm asking for help with the assistance of my teacher. I'm doing a science fair and research project on the golden ratio in nature. I'm interested in mathematics and finding relationships between things I can measure in the real world.

I've been doing research on the golden ratio and I've found that the information is either too general or too advanced. I think there may be two ways you could help me:

1. I would like some help finding material that could help inform me appropriately (beyond the junior high level, but easier than graduate school) for my mathematical research.

2. Is it possible that there might be someone on campus willing to mentor me?

Teacher's note: This student is one of the brightest girls I've seen! Worth nurturing/Mentoring!!!!


I am doing a project on DNA sequence and on how changes in the sequence cause disorders. For example, cystic fibrosis is caused by a recessive allele. When you look at that string of DNA you can see there are three DNA bases missing. Here are my questions I need answered:

1) What kind of technology you would use when looking for the DNA impurities?

2) In the sequences is it easy to point out the mistakes or are they hard to see?

3) Is a specific name for this action or do I just call it DNA sequencing?

4) Is it possible to replace the mistakes with the correct sequence?

--Thank you

125: Why is blood red?
126: What does Vitamin D have to do with calcium?
127: Do you have any unique information for the use of Calcium, the element?
128: Are all plant cells square and all animal cells more round in shape?
129: Could I feed a translucent fish food coloring and will it change color?
130: What are fossils made of?
131: Is Spinosaurus the biggest dinosaur? How many teeth does it have?
132: How many teeth is a shark supposed to have?
133: How long is a gray whale? Can it be as big as 5 school buses?
134: How are these baby whales born and what do they eat? Can male whales have babies?
135: How do whales migrate to different places and how do they know where to migrate?
136: Why do blue whales go to Hawaii and not somewhere else?
137: What is the average number of whales born in a year?
138: How many types of whales are there?
139: How long do whales live?
140: Why do not all whales of all kinds travel in herds?
141: Why do sperm whales come to Santa Barbara?
142: Why are whales mammals and not fish? What are the characteristics of mammals?
143: How many bones does a whale have?
144: How many teeth does an orca have? Is the Orca a killer whale and what does it eat?
145: How do whales communicate?
146: Do whales fight?
147: What are the different places where whales live?
148: How do you call a scientist that studies dolphins?
149: Why do whales flip their tails in the air?
150: How do you call a scientist that studies whales?
151: How do new born whales know what to do?
152: Is coral bleached by higher temperatures?
153: Which are the places (countries/oceans) where whales live?
154: What common ancestor do humans and other mammals share?
155: How can obligate anaerobe bacteria can survive without respiration of oxygen!?
156: What is the function of a plant cell and what is the function of an animal cell? Are their functions different?
157: What living things do not have vertebrates?
158: Can goldfish live in a bowl that has food coloring in the water? Thank you.
159: How can we test the effectiveness of rubbing alcohol in killing bacteria?
160: How do seals reproduce?
161: How many teeth do sharks have?
162: How many teeth does a Great White Shark have?
163: How many teeth do whales have?
164: Why animal cells have more variety in shape than plant cells?
165: For animal science our teacher wants us to die a fish a different color. How would I go about doing this? Or can I just get a white fish and out like 2 drops of food color on each side of him ? Because I have a 3.0 GPA looking at going into collage next year, this is 50% of 1st semesters grade. Thanks!
166: What diseases do bananas and fish carry? (Mercury, Tiny diseases on banana, etc.) How do safely carry food from one place to another without diseases getting on the food? This is for a very important group project. Thank you!
167: Are viruses alive? What about prions?

I want to do experiment with my friend about goldfish. My question is:

Is a goldfish healthier living among water plants or in clean water?

I need your help. How to do this experiment, what kind of materials do I need and I hope you can help me


169: What kind of baits are most effective to atract sharks? What are good spots to find sharks within a 15 mile range of the santa barbara harbor?
170: Can you please tell me the digestive timeline for protein, fat, and starch?
171: We have been learning about the immune response (natural killer cells, dendritic cells, t-cells, etc.) and I have a question: how many times a day / week / month does your immune system fight off viruses? Is it happening all the time?

What is music therapy?

What type/tempo affects moods in what way?

173: Why do human beings having emotions and feelings?
174: How can penguins jump out of the water so fast and so high? Do they use a swim bladder like sharks?
175: I was just wondering how many chromosomes it takes to make one strand of DNA? Thanks, hopefully you reply soon.
176: Which is the biggest rodent in the world?
177: Why aren't monkeys turning into humans right now?
178: How do our brains function similarly to small animals if they aren't the same size?
179: Bull Sharks are able to live in both fresh water and salt water, while most other sharks can only survive in salt water. How is this so? Are their gills different so they can adapt to different water types.
180: How do organisms live in methane?
181: If dolphins and whales are ocean mammals, how is that whales are large and dolphins small? I am asking this question because I read here that whales being mammals can grow large as they don't have the physical restrictions they would have on land. So why does it not apply to dolphins?
182: We did a little research on diatoms earlier this year. We were wondering why is it that round? Diatoms cant move and, can others?
183: In your body is your blood blue or red?
184: I'm in high school right now and I have gotten really interested in the field of Oceanography. I wanted to know what I can focus on right now in order to get into oceanography when I first go into college and also what might be my percentage of being able to work somewhere when I finish my college degree. It would be great to know. Thanks!
185: What are some of the most interesting life forms found in the deepest parts of the ocean?
186: How did the salt get into the oceans at the beginning of their formation?
187: Our class has joined the GLOBE project. We have been taking a lot of tests on our environment, including alkalinity. What is alkalinity about? I know that alkalinity is found in water. Is alkalinity good or bad for the environment? We took an alkalinity test on Oso Flaco Lake and the test showed that there was zero alkalinty. What does that mean?
188: Our beach had an oil leak sometime around 1992- 1994. I want to know how that oil leak could effect us and the animals that live in the ocean? Maybe you heard about the Unocal oil leak in Guadalupe. I havent found good information on the health problems. I want to know.... what are the effects to us.... where could I find out?
189: Im investigating water treatment. I heard that a few years ago that we were short on water,and that they could make fresh drinking out of ocean water. Im wondering what things does the ground water have and ocean drinking water doesn't have?
190: We already know that there is a underground oil spill at the guadalupe dunes, and I heard that hospital waste washed up on the beaches. The question is Is the water safe to drink if they take the salt out of it? Does that process take out this other junk?
191: Are there any environmental problems in the Everglades?
192: What kind of bacteria live in the swamps today?
193: Where is the biggest lagoon located?
194: How did bacteria develop on Earth?
195: If CH4 outgases from the ocean bottom in large amounts during an earthquake, can a boat sink in the result less dense water?
196: How are recombinant plasmids moved through the membrane into the receiving bacterium.The story in the high school bio textbook is simply that restriction enzymes clip the gene of interest, it is recombined with a ligase, and then this transformed plasmid is reintroduced into the cell - but no real explanation. Can you explain this process?
197: My class is currently learning about oceans and ocean currents. There has been some conflicting thoughts about how many oceans there are in the world.Could you tell us how many oceans there are in the world and what their names are.
198: As a scientist, how would you explain how the Earth was created after the Big Bang occurred? Where did animals, plants the human race come from?
199: Up to how many eggs can a steelhead trout have? . I want to know because we will be studying the steelhead trout and I want to know ahead of time. (we just got 30 eggs in our aquarium).
200: Why can't humans make the 8 amino acids which we need toget from the diet? Is it a loss of a past ability, or are we maybe gaining the ability? What amino acids do you acquire from beans and rice, versus milk, and versus tofu?
201: When we take a bath or a shower, do cells fall in the water? Can cells sense stuff?
202: How do glowing algae (dinoflagellates) chemically create their light?
203: Why can we not see the barnacle animals?
204: What is the deadliest animal in the ocean?
205: What do jelly fish eat? Where do they get their shock (stinging) from? Where is their mouth?
206: What animal eats sea anemones ?
207: How do sea anemones reproduce?
208: What does a mussel really look like ( the animal inside)?
209: How does a barnacle molt and grow if it does not leave their outer shell?
210: Do puffer fish live in coral reefs?
211: Is the coral reef poisonous?
212: Do clown fish live in coral reefs because the water is warm?
213: Do Bumble bee fish eat flowers and honey?
214: How do animals stay hidden in the sand as the tide is going out and the sand is going with the tide?
215: Why living things need to be fed?
216: Why is GTP used in translation and transcription instead of ATP?
217: I am trying to find out what I have found. Can you help me? I recently found another object even bigger than the picture attached. Thank you.
Click here to see what I found:
what I found 1 what I found 2
218: Do giant squids have lungs?
219: How do invertebrates excrete their wastes?
220: What is goldfish? How do goldfish live? Where do goldfish live? What do goldfish eat? What are some goldfish habitats?
221: Is it necessary to insert the nucleus of somatic cell of any animal in an egg cell of the same type of animal in cloning? Can we insert sheep somatic cell in cow egg cell and have a successful cloning? If so,why is it possible? If not,why is not it possible?
222: If you compare the two sequences of HindIII and HaeII, is there anything unusual about the sequence itself? Is there something about AAGCTT or AATT that might suggest it is something other than random if you came across it in a DNA sequence? If you wanted to cut up a genome into smaller pieces instead of larger pieces, and you had the three enzymes to choose from that we talked about above, which enzyme would you use? The 4, 6 or 8 base pair cutter, and why?
223: How has science helped animals?
224: How does chlorine affect material over a long period of time? How does chlorine affect peoples’ health?
225: What would happen if you brought a giant squid up to the surface of water?
226: How wide is a gray whale?

1) Do Great White Sharks purposefully attack people?

2) Why are people so afraid of a shark that looks so fake in the movie?

3) Is there a possibility of overtaking fear in your mind?

4) How exactly does fear work in the human mind?

5) What is your current job and what do you have your credentials in?

228: What are the effects on a fish that is dyed?
229: How are scientists helpful to us?
230: My science project is "Does changing the frequency of a whistle affect a goldfish's reaction time? I have 5 questions to ask:
1)Does time of day affect a fish\'s attention span?
2) What is your education background and career choice?
3) Is their anyway I could make my fish listen better?
4) What is your prediction of my conclusion will the high or low frequency whistle make the fish have a faster reaction time?
5)Is their any advice you can give me for future application? (i know this very short notice and i totally understand if its not possible, but if possible could you email me the answers by January 20th) thank you so much

231: Do all living things grow?
232: What are the types of animals that reproduce asexually, and that also go through regeneration?
233: Why do cells require oxygen?
234: How do fish breath from their gills?
235: If an organisms muscle cells or nerve cells are damaged, what problems would there be? Which stages of cell division require energy? Which stages would require that new biomolecules and cellular structures be made?
236: How do the animals that live at the bottom of the ocean make their own light?
237: How many colors can shrimps see?
238: Which animal lives the longest?
239: Why is it so little known about octopuses?
240: What color would your blood be if your skin was blue?
241: Why do animals have whiskers?
242: What is the purpose of the Whale nervous and response system?
243: How many people will have a marine biology job in the future?
244: How fast or slow do coral reefs grow?
245: Does music effect animal behavior?
246: What kinds of animals live in the Hadal zone?
247: What color is our blood inside of our bodies?
248: How effective has science been to protect endangered animals?
249: How is ATP produced in a cell?
250: In our Puget Sound Beaches unit we compared the life cycle of the barnacle and the crab. We would like to know which one molts more often. We found out that barnacles go from egg to nauplius, have 5 stages to get to the cyprid stage, then continue to molt inside their plates as adults. Crabs go from egg to zoea, then have 5 stages to get to be megalopes, then molt more to become juveniles, then adults (about 12 molts the first two years, then 1 time per year after about 3 years. We still don't really know the answer to our question. Which one molts more?
251: What are the predators of a California freshwater shrimp?
252: Do invertebrates change colors like the chameleon's do?
253: What is the meaning of "biology"? We were taught that "bio" meant life, and "logy" meant "the study of". Have you been taught this also? Thank you for the courtesy of a reply.
254: How long a whale can stay underneath water? How long they can stay on land?
255: Hi,
I am an Iranian girl . I need your help . I study Cell and Molecular Biology and I want to write an article a bout Sponges Power restored. I need some resources and your input, but my English is not very good. Please help me.

256: Why whales cannot breathe in water?
257: Is there a living thing that does not move?
258: What is the minimum number of cells a living thing can have?
259: Does the artificial light effect the pigment of the goldfish? If so, how long do you thing it will take to the goldfish to change color?
260: I cannot find the kind of degrees that an oceanographer needs. Can you help me?
261: Would a shark be able to survive in the ocean without a dorsal fin?
262: What is the difference between mimicry and camouflage?
263: How many types of living things are are in the oceans, rivers, and tide pools?
264: Why would any type of whale would have a food shortage? Would it be because their food also migrate to different locations as well?
265: Are mermaids real?
266: Scientifically, what happens to a person when she/he dies, where does she/he go?
267: Does holding a mirror in front of a fish change what it does?
268: How people can drink ocean water, but animals like fish can not; and how can fish breath ocean water and drinking it is not healthy for those animals which live in bad ocean waters? PLEASE WRITE BACK, thank you, love.
269: A cell knows what to do because it is programed to do what it do. But, what or who programed the cell or any other unconsciousness life to know what to do? I mean, how the atoms of the first living thing know how to be arranged to construct this programed "machine"?!
270: I want to be a Marine Vet Tech, is it the same schooling as becoming a vet tech or are there colleges and programs that focus on marine animals? I've looked at colleges with vet tech programs, but marine vet tech is hard to find when researching online. Should I take regular vet tech classes, then find a course that focuses on marine animals? I have seen that most vet tech programs have a (1) class that deals in marine/exotic/large animals, is that enough the be a marine vet tech? What should I look at to study for what I want to do?
271: Why is sound so important?
272: Does venom save lives?
273: How does squid shoot the black ink out of it?
274: When do sea anemone reproduce? How often do sea anemone reproduce?
275: How do baby whales get born?
276: How are there tentacles so sticky, like the squid's?
277: Why do fishes die when they're removed from water? I realize they require oxygen like other aerobes, but (obviously) there's oxygen in the air. So what is it about the water itself that keeps them alive?
278: How do seals mate?
279: People have different types of blood (e.g A, B, AB or O). Is it possible for animals to have those same types too?
280: How do Sea Anemones protect themselves?
281: Why don't fish move slowly in cold temperatures like reptiles do? Both are cold blooded.
282: Do sea turtles have teeth?
283: How does conduction flow through a cell?
284: What is blood pressure?
285: Why does the sun help us to live?
286: Do different colors of sponges absorb different amounts of water?
287: What would I do to be a marine scientist?
288: How much energy of the phytoplankton is given off when eaten?
289: Do all living things reproduce?
290: What would happen if the earth had no photosynthesis?
291: How thin is a eggshell?
292: How is metamorphosis different from the development of baby mammals?
293: What is the greatest challenge that ocean fish face in salt water?
294: Are the lungs and blowhole connected?
295: Were whales land animals?
296: What is the difference between genotype and phenotype?
297: I know that chloroplasts require proteins coded for by the nucleus to reproduce. However, if chloroplasts were placed in a solution that had those proteins could they reproduce outside of a cell?
298: Is there any blue blood in our bodies at any time? Or is it all red with different shades?
299: Hello, People evolved and selected by the genes which adapted to the environment that are favor to them. So, for example, people who live at the higher latitude area have lighter skin color, and vise verse, people live near the equator have darker skins for the ultra-violate protection reason. If a white couple (their grandpa and grandma and the past generations are all white) move to somewhere near equator, and then the generations past on (and all of their offspring mate with pure white people), will their skin color change because of any environment reason? Thank you so much for taking time to answer this!
300: Why do we have Tissues in our body? Why do tissues that work together form organs?
301: Why are whales mammals and not fish?
302: How does the peacock flounder change color?
303: What is more comparable to stomach acid, lemon juice or vinegar?
304: What is the cell wall made of?
305: Why are specialized cells needed in the human body?
306: How are plant and animal cells different?
307: What classes should you take in high school for a major marine mammal veterinarian? Or Marine trainee?
308: Why rigid bodies do not feel atmospheric pressure?
309: How do sponges breathe?
310: How does pollination differ from fertilization?
311: How are clams born?
312: Can you give some information about the kingdom of fungi?
313: What is the reason fireflies emit light and how does it work?
314: How do plants and animals use the food produced during photosynthesis?
315: Which animals don't have blood?
316: What rate do red blood cells die at?

317: What happens to the brain when you think? Why do we need a brain to do things?
318: Hello. I am doing a research project on bioluminescent organisms and have a question. I was wondering if there is a connection between luciferase in bioluminescent organisms and chlorophyll in plants. If so please tell their relationship. Thank You.
319: How do microorganisms enter our body?
320: How do eubacteria obtain food?
321: How much percentage of oxygen does a fish need?
322: Is there an organelle which has to be colored a specific color in an animal or plant cell? If yes, which is it?
323: How can our body carry out digestive functions on a daily basis?
324: I am researching the field of marine biology for a research project. With my teacher's approval, I have a few questions for you you to answer. 1. What type of background is required and what personal qualities are required in marine biology? 2. What are the hours, typical day like, and what responsibilities are included? 3. What will the future look like for this job and what would the world be like without this job? Thank you for your time.
325: I'm having a conversation with my friends at lunch and the topic of blood pigmentation and whether it is blue when it has no oxygen or not. I showed them your website that in fact states that it is always red but may give off a blue hue. However, some of my friends do not believe that there is any way for you to scientifically prove that. So my question to you is, how do you know that blood is always red?
326: If stingrays like warm water which we had in Ventura a month ago, where do they go now that the water is like 55F, cold!? I know they liked the water because I got stung by one.
327: How many rows of teeth does a spiny dogfish shark have? What depths do they dwell in?
328: Is it true that the brain has the mind, but the mind has no brain?
329: I often hear this phrase, when discussing the California drought, "We are just letting the water go down into the ocean!" How does the water that goes "into the ocean" replenish our environments own water supply? What do we risk by damning the water?
330: Why does a dead rat get mold after a few weeks?
331: Approximately what percentage of the things around us are made from polymers?
332: I am doing a project on animal migration and my question is what animals migrate in the pond and where?
333: NASA and the whole world is basically looking for other life on other planets within our solar system. Or, more specifically, "life as we know it." What is life as we know it? What are we looking for, and what would be defined as life that we don't know?
334: Which organism has most chromosomes?
335: What do angler fish eat?
336: What happens to the cancer when the person dies, as in lung cancer. Does the cancer stay in the body and dies along with the person, or does it leave the dead body, and then invade a new living body? Thanks,
337: How does aquatic, salt water plants like seaweed get the fresh water they need from their environment? It was just hard to wrap my mind around it since salt water aquatic plants somehow manage to stay alive without a source of fresh water. As well as this, I have also been wondering how a salt water fish filters salt water in order for it to be fresh? Thanks!
338: Still to this day we have not discovered even half of the ocean and its inhabitants. What is the chance that there really is a megalodon or some huge prehistoric creature in hiding in the waters?
339: What does a clam eat?
340: What covers and protects the brain?
341: What makes carbon atoms essential to life?
342: Does a whale really lay eggs or give birth?
343: How do animals get their energy?
344: How long does it take for a sea star to regenerate a leg? Can this be done in a laboratory?
345: What is the difference between producer, consumer, and decomposer?
346: Do cells come from other cells?
347: How many different kind of cells are in the human body?
348: Could a shark swallow anything without biting it?
349: By what process does waste leave cells?
350: How does mimic octopus give birth?
351: What would happen to the ocean without heat from the sun?
352: Hi! I have a student who is wondering approximately what percent of the air we breath out is carbon dioxide. He understands that we take in oxygen during cellular respiration and we give off mostly carbon dioxide along with some nitrogen and oxygen. But....he wants to understand what percent is carbon dioxide during an exhale. He wants to compare your answer to the answers he's getting for his own cellular respiration data he's taken for his science fair project.
353: How much salt is needed in the ocean to make brine shrimp grow?
354: What happens every 28 days in the reproductive system?
355: What would the world be like without chlorine?
356: Why do people die? And why can't we live forever?
357: Why are cells small?
358: Why can Sea animals breathe under water and we can't?
359: What is a protein?
360: Why chromosomes differ in length ? Why one arm is shorter and one in longer (except metacentric). What is the reason for this design ?
361: Does the number of chromosomes determine the complexity of the organism?
362: What would happen if Earth were to lose both human and animal lives, would Earth become another planet or still be Earth?
363: About how many times does DNA have to fold up to fit in a cell?
364: Memory B and T cells are meant to last for a lifetime, but what happens when they are no longer needed in the body? Do they undergo Apoptosis? (Reference to the Immune System)
365: How many limbs can a starfish have before dying?
366: Why is there life on earth?
367: Why is it important that the end result of the process of meiosis is sex cells that contain half the amount of DNA that is in body cells?
368: How do deep sea fishes survive in such water pressure?
369: How does salinity, water temperature, depth, waves, tides, and ocean currents affect starfish?
370: What would life be without oxygen and what do we need oxygen for?
371: What is the largest modern animal on the Earth?
372: What animals besides humans prey on angler fish?
373: What effect does the moon on its axis have on marine life?
374: How do species change over time?
375: What kind of animals live in the hadal zone, the deepest part of the ocean? I cannot find the answer.
376: Does everything in the world need the sun to survive?
377: I seem to recall reading somewhere that crystal clear sea water was not actually a good indicator of a healthy environment from a wildlife perspective. My understanding is that crystal clear water is that way because it contains no sediment/nutrients (which make the water cloudy) and therefore, nothing for microbial life to consume. This in turn feeds up the food chain meaning that, while clear water appears ideal from a human perspective, the reverse is actually true and that it is bad from an ecological point of view?
Can you confirm this?

378: Why are plants important?
379: How many vertebrae does a blue whale have? Do all blue whales have the same number of vertebrae?
380: Is it possible for a fish to be frozen in a block of ice (suspended animation?) and survive? My friend says that sometimes fish in Canada get frozen and will thaw out in the Spring/Summer.
381: How did animals come to be after the big bang?
382: Why do all living things die?
383: How long will it take for the brains of animals to be as evolved as the human brain?
384: Why do sea anemones squish up when you touch them?
385: I wonder why people and animals talk different languages
386: Why do animals that live in salt water only survive in salt water and not in fresh water?
387: How fast do your nerves react?
388: Why do dogs' eyes change? Why do fishes change color and glow some times?
389: How did Ocean life form, and why did they evolve?
390: What organism is all multicellular?
391: Besides Hyenas, vultures, and sharks, which other animals have the strongest stomach acids? Thanks.
392: Do fish have blood? Why do not we see blood when we eat fish? When we eat read meat we see the blood, why not in fish?
393: Where does fantail goldfish live?
394: How fast can neurons transmit through your body for the nervous system to function? Thanks
395: Is it possible that Earth originally developed prokaryotes as a form of collecting ingredients from its surface and atmosphere in order to re-utilize them for preservation?

I wonder this because how else could inanimate material come alive, and I once read that the Earth is alive itself, leading me to believe that Earth could have been the first producer. I still wonder how the Earth would have come alive itself, but I theorize the electrical forces of atoms and specific molecules pulling or pushing themselves together or apart, as well as the natural movement of heated atoms, along with the already present forces of Earth's spin and movement produced by the big bang could have caused the inanimate Earth to begin "come alive." The original moving up of iron (or whatever element was attracted to another) from inside Earth could have led to a chain of reactions that led to more chains of reactions, and so forth, so that a never-ending push and pull were then created via the original electrical attractions. I realize this is a complex idea and a far-fetched question, but I found your website and thought I'd ask. Thanks either way!

396: Why can't something live without some type of genetic material?
397: Where does whales had/have their mammary gland?
398: Can a cell die without reproducing?
399: I have wanted to be a marine biologist for a long time and I want to work with marine animals but also I want to work with animals like elephants and pandas. Is there a way I could do both? Like major in marine biology and have a minor as zoology. Or would it be better to be a double major instead in something? I'm getting closer and closer to my senior year and I just need to figure this out so I can figure what else I need to do to get ready for it all.
400: Do steelhead spawn in the streams on the channel Islands? Santa Cruz Island has perennial streams/creeks that have never been barricaded so the fish's reproductive behavior has never been affected (like what we see on the mainland). If they do spawn there why don't we ever hear about it? If they do not spawn there, why not?
401: What is the skin cells purpose?
402: I am curious if dolphins ever have itches?
403: Are you sure that the sea dinosaur are not still alive deep in the ocean? I heard they found something deep down in the oceans that looked like a dino. Why do you think they are all dead? Can the sea creature live for a long time?
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