|1: ||How can an egg turn into a person? I mean how do
eyes, brain or other organs form?
|2: ||Why is Thymine replaced by Uracil during the
transcription of DNA to pre-mRNA?
|3: ||What is the importance of the number of Adenine
nucleotides in the poly-A tail once pre-mRNA is
converted to mRNA?
|4: ||Where do cells come from? How were they made up?
|5: ||I always wonder why my hair get's white. My
friends told me that it's because I get mad. But
when I get mad , how come it doesn't get white in
|6: ||I know that old people have to be healthy. Why
can't they eat candy? What happens if they eat a
lot of candy?
|7: ||If the pancreas does not produce enough insulin,
do the pancreas cells still contain a high number
of rough endoplasmicreticulum or would the cell
|8: ||Do all people see colors the same way as I do? I
know some people are color blind but I am
thinking of people who can see colors.
|9: ||As cells divide, towards the end of the end of
cell division, it appears that each new daughter
cell gets longer. Is this the result of the
pinching in that occurs during cytokinesis, or
are the cells getting longer. Of the two
options, which one is primarily responsible for
this effect?How do cells sort their organelles
during cell division? Is it the luck of the
draw, or a genetically programmed set of
instructions at work?
|10: ||What is an acceptable body fat range for teenage
boys and girls that is NOT likely to lead to
health problems later on in life? What would an
athletic body fat be for teenagers?
|11: ||Do scientists agree on which hominid from the
past was modern humans ancestor? If they do not
agree what are competing theories?
|12: ||Hi! I have a question regarding behavior
disorders, specifically conduct discorder &
antisocial behavioral disorder. I am wondering
how a person gets this disorder. Is it genetic
or environmental? Also--what is the chance of
someone having this disorder? Is there a greater
chance of a male getting this over a female?
|13: ||Why are some people color blind?
|14: ||Is it possible, in any way, for the human, male
testes to produce sperm with another human's
genetic information? Perhaps if a female,
diploid cell were inserted into the testes, is
there a way to force it to go through meiosis and
become a viable sperm? If so, what is the exact
process it(the female diploid cell) would need to
go through? If not, why and is there any other
|15: ||When was the first cell developed or created?
|16: ||What is the ecosystem? What are some common
|17: ||When was the first actual human existence started
and did we evolve from primates?
|18: ||What are the ingredients in hair dye? How do these
ingredients work to produce the desired effect?
Are there any problems with hair dye? Are there
any possible solutions?
|19: ||Is there any scientific way to know what people
|20: ||What makes cucumber seeds cause burps? And how
could you demonstrate that in the classroom?
People grow the seedless cucumbers for this reason.
|21: ||Why do people hiccup?
|22: ||How was life started?
|23: ||Is blood a solution or a suspension?
|24: ||How much can a grade 7 brain remember, how does
the male and female brain work, which one is
better with memory, can you show us some pictures
and some examples ?
|25: ||I was wondering whether it is possible or not for
life to develop in a chlorine or fluorine
atmosphere, and if not could you explain why?
|26: ||My classes have been watching a video produced by
the Discovery Channel on bacteria. At one point
in the video, the narrator says that human babies
are born "bacteria free" but within a few hours
hundred of kinds of bacteria colonize them. I
can't believe that we are born bacteria free. Is
this true or is this a mistake in the video?
|27: ||Are dogs really colorblind?
|28: ||Why do old people forget things?
|29: ||How long do tobacco products last inside the body?
|30: ||How long do the effects of tobacco last?
|31: ||What is the most deadly disease a person can get?
What is the most common and rare disease people
can get? How will science help us in the future
and why do we learn about science?
|32: ||What was the first virus?
|33: ||What is the deadliest bacteria?
|34: ||Why do I see green color spots after I stare at
red color for a long time?
|35: ||During our discussions on genetics and DNA, I
recalled that the amount of DNA in a human is
quite substantial, and if the strands were linked
end to end, they would cover a distance of "X". I
forgot how long human DNA was, and my class is
now curious themselves. Can you tell us how long
human DNA is?
|36: ||Are wisdom teeth vestigial structures?
|37: ||Why are wisdom teeth called wisdom teeth?
|38: ||A question from the teacher: I heard that old
aluminum cooking pans will leave aluminum residue
in your food, which is very bad for your health.
Is this true, or a myth? Also, can I use one of
these old pans to mix up my pets' food in, as
long as I don't heat it? Thank you.
|39: ||I need to know like what kind of chemicals are in
lip glosses and how it is made.
|40: ||How does catalase break down hydrogen peroxide?
|41: ||What is the scientific term for the tendency of a
human's pupil to widen when looking at an object
of desire, (or something in which the person
likes) regardless of light level. This
demonstration was recently shown on John Cleese's
"The Human Face" on the Learning Channel.
|42: ||In talking about protein synthesis, I make the
assumption that tRNA's and mRNA's travel about by
diffusion. Is this correct?
|43: ||why is GTP used to power transcription and
translation instead of ATP?
|44: ||Why is the third position on tRNA's anticodon
flexible (my book calls it wobble) but not the
first or second?
|45: ||How does a cell know what genes to keep as
heterochromatin and what to use as euchromatin?
|46: ||What effect do varying oxygen levels have on
Saccharomyces cerevisiae's (baker's yeast)
production of ethanol from glucose?
|47: ||Why do Mitochondria need DNA? All the other
organelles (except the nucleus of course) do not
have their own DNA?
|48: ||Why is lipstick made?
|49: ||Is it possible for two humans (or animals) of the
same sex to have (viable and biological)
offspring? By either fusing two haploid cells,
or extracting chromosomes from one haploid cell
and inserting them into the nucleus of another
and (in both cases) induce fertilization? Also,
is there any (legal) way to test this? And if so,
what is the process?
|50: ||What is the reason ears pop?
|51: ||What was the driving force that led to the
evolution of a standing posture?
|52: ||Why don't we seen certain colors like ultra-
violet etc., while other animals can? What animals
|53: ||I am trying to do a science experiment for my AP
Biology class to see the effects of over eating.
I need to know if there is any insect or mammal
that lives for a short period of time that I will
be able to see changes in. Also I was wondering
if there have been any studies done about early
deaths in humans, and if so where I might find
|54: ||Does everybody see in different colors but they
learn to say them a certain way?
|55: ||How come the letters representing the different
blood types go in the order "A", "B", and then
"O"... why not "A", "B", and then "C", wouldn't
it make more sense to go along with the
|56: ||Do we have the same fingerprints on each finger
or are they different?
|57: ||Do twins have the same DNA?
|58: ||We learned in class that after meiosis the sex
cells have half of the chromosomes and that this
half set is always one of the homologous
chromosome pairs. Our book shows a picture of
these 13 homologous pairs and they sometimes have
quite different shapes. In what way do the pairs
differ? If they carry exact the same information
why do we have two pairs and if they carry
different information what information will be
different or be lost?
|59: ||What do they mean when they say that they cloned
|60: ||I want to ask if animals and human bodies have
the same elements.
|61: ||My few questions that I have for the scientists
at UCSB are dealing with biomimetics of the human
body. My first question is what other man
made structures were modeled after the way that
the human body is built besides from the Eiffel
tower. I also want to know how the air pumps
work. I sort of know how they work now but I
would also want more of the basic information
like, what is it trying to mimic of the human
body? How did they come up with the idea to make
airpumps? It would be great if you could
answer my questions whenever you could so I can
complete my power point presentation for my 8th
grade science project. Sincerely, Denise
|62: ||Visual memory versus auditory memory
|63: ||What is the difference between ADP and ATP?
|64: ||What is the pH of stomach acid when your stomach is not full of food? How long does food stay in your empty stomach for?
|65: ||What factors lead to stress? What happens to a
person's heart rate/nervous system when they are
stressed? What are some symtoms of stress? What
are some ways to get rid of your stress? Are
there any websites that have any other good info
for a project like this?
|66: ||My question is basically asking "what is sound"?
More specifically why do different sounds give
different emotion, and does this cause a vary in
heart rate? For instance: lets say that you are
driving in a car and a car horn spontaneously
honks, which in turn makes you mad and quickening
one blood flow.
|67: ||Can I contact someone who is researching
Leprosy? If so, can you please answer these
questions? What is your current research? How is
your research helping with finding a cure or a
better understanding of Leprosy? How is this
research being funded? What are the future
prospects for finding a cure?
|68: ||How long does a donut take to digest?
|69: ||Do all living things go through photosynthesis?
|70: ||I was wondering what is the current research
going on at UCSB for Schizophrenia? How is the
research helping to find a cure or better
understanding of this disease? How is the
research being funded? What is the future
prospects of finding a cure? THANK YOU very much!
|71: ||CYSTIC FIBROSIS. what is the current research on
cystic fibrosis? how is this reshearch helping
with finding a cure or a better understanding of
the disease? how is this research being funded?
what are the future prospects for finding a cure??
|72: ||If both my parents have black hair, is there a
possiblity that I could have been a blonde?
|73: ||What could be the qualities of fruit flies,
bacteria, and mice that made them well-suited to
modern genetics research?
|74: ||Do bugs have blood or what is the liquid called
they have? Houseflies seem to have blood but
other bugs seem to have rather a greenish or
|75: ||Why does food stay so long in the stomach before
it is being allowed to pass gradually into the
|76: ||How does a virus or bacteria enter the body?
|77: ||We are studying cells. I am wondering how
scientists found out that the mitochondria are the
"powerhouses" of the cell. How did they discover
what each organelle does?
|78: ||How do scientists go about growing bone
cartilage? And how soon will people be able to
use this bone?
|79: ||What is forensics?
|80: ||Since viruses are always changing, will we ever
find a cure and if so how long?
|81: ||Why can dogs only see red?
|82: ||How did humans become so smart and learn all the
technology? Could sheep or some other type of
animal become smart and invent new technology?
If you accustom a type of non-human animal to what
humans do could they just act like a Human? Are
there Homo Erectus or one of those types of Human
presently on Earth?
|83: ||When I turn off the TV , does it give me a
|84: ||When you are lifting, how does it make your muscle
strong? When you put steroids in your body, how
does it affect your body?
|85: ||When you eat does your heart work harder?
|86: ||Hello. How can it be possible for an organism to
survive living a intermediate state of evolution.
Like bats, was there a point in their
evolutionary process where they had small wings? I
hope you understand my question, because it's the
best way I could write it. Thanks.
|87: ||We know the number of chromosomes an organism has
is unique to that organism. For example, we
(humans) have 23 pairs, but if we had 12 pairs we
might be a cherry tomato or something like that.
Since there are millions of species, are there
many organisms that "overlap" chromosome numbers -
what other species have 23 pairs?
|88: ||Since Down's syndrome appears to be a somewhat
random act of non disjunction, why is it that it
seems as though there are fewer minority children
with Down's than Caucasian kids? Is there any
correlation with race, or is it simply our
|89: ||Why did large animal evolve in nature? Aren't
they kind of useless like too big need lots of
space and food?
|90: ||Do you think a good research project would be to
research how drugs and alcohol effect people, if
so do you have any information I can use in my
|91: ||Why do we sometimes "twitch" right before we fall
|92: ||I understand that monoclonal antibodies are made
by fusing a lymphocyte cell and a cancer cell but
wouldn't this hybrid cell have double the normal
number of chromosomes?
|93: ||What are the health and safety requirements when
teaching microorganisms to students? A student in
our school has fungi and bacteria (from
children's coughs)in sealed plastic petri dishes
and they have been there for a couple of weeks -
is this allowed/safe? The Y 6 teacher has concerns.
|94: ||How do membranes become more permeable to ions?
|95: ||What makes people ticklish?
|96: ||I am trying to do some research on ligaments and
I cannot find an exact definition of a ligament.
Is it true that ligaments are tissues that are
interwoven together? If so, what would the
correct definition be for a ligament? Thank you
|97: ||I have a friend who is exceedingly tall in height
and is curious if there are any ways, methods, or
operations that can be done to shrink one's
|98: ||Does blonde hair turn green in clorinated water
because clorine is green?
|99: ||What is the name of the genetic disorder?
|100: ||If a virus and a bacteria were introduced into an
environment of pure oxygen, would the virus be
able to reproduce via the bacteria? Does this
only occur with certain types of viruses and/or
bacteria? Would the virus, bacteria, or both die
off(either way)? Would they be able to live in
harmony even if the virus didn't reproduce via the
bacteria? Or would they both die off?
|101: ||Hi. I was wondering, with all the talk about mad
cows and it's impact in human health. If prions
are proteins, and proteins denaturalize with
heat... how can it be possible for a prion to
"infect" (I don't know if the term infect can be
applied to prion diseases) a person who has eaten
an infected (yes, again) cow, or sheep or another
animal? I was wondering this because in several
web sites I have found the same information, but
like any science student I'm skeptic. Please
explain. I know my English is kind of lame, sorry,
but my only English teaching resources are books
and the Simpsons. Thank you -Diego Delgado
|102: ||How are animals classified ?
|103: ||What cleansing procedures do personnel destined
for Biosafety Level Four have to go through?
|104: ||How do heterotrophs live?
|105: ||I've heard that according to Darwin's theory of
evolution Man and monkey have a common ancestor
is this true and what is this ancestor?
|106: ||What are the effects on a human body when they
are poisoned with Arsenic?
|107: ||Why does the sun affect the pigment in your skin?
|108: ||What happens inside your body that makes you cry
when you get hurt? Is it a reflex?
|109: ||DOES COFFEE AFFECT YOU BLOOD PRESSURE?
|110: ||When people have "pink eye", and they wake up
with their eyes stuck together, where does the
sticky part come from? What is it?
|111: ||In the summer when I go to the beach, my hair
gets a lot lighter. What is it that causes it to
go that? Is it the sun, saltwater, or both?
|112: ||I have heard that if you look at a solar eclipse
(right at that moment)it is really dangerous. If
this is true, why? Is it kind of the same idea as
looking directly at the sun?
|113: ||What exactly does Hepatitus C do to your body?
|114: ||What in your body causes a person to go into a coma?
|115: ||How is a damaged liver able to regenerate back to normal?
|116: ||if our lungs needs oxygen to breathe how come we
can't take in Carbon Dioxide.
|117: ||I know that you can suffer from having insufficient calcium in your body, but can you overdo it? What would be the symptoms, and what would be too much? Thanks.
|118: ||It is known that living cells can, to some
extent, repair their DNA. Do you think this
process can be done without using some form of
|119: ||If a person was do digest and acid or a base with
a pH of 14 or 1 what would that acid or base do
to their insides? What is the lowest or highest
pH someoen can eat without injury?
|120: ||how does hair conditioner work. how does it
detangle the hair and does it truely do anything?
|121: ||How High does a Voice Pitch Have to Be to Break
A Crystal Glass?
|122: ||How is it that our tongue can distinguish different types of foods?
|123: ||How is it that we grow hair on our eyelids, is it
a different type of hair?
|124: ||Why do we get burned so fast if we don't put on
sunscreen? I know it has to do with the rays but
is it something in our skin too?
|125: ||How do we have the ability to hear sounds such as
music or people talking? What goes on in our ears
that this is possible?
|126: ||Does science have to play a role on some of the
emotions that out brought out in us everyday? Is
there something happening inside of us that
triggers us to put out what ever we are feeling?
|127: ||What are the possible ways we can detect
radioactivity in a room? I know that radiation
affects the brain but really how does it affect
us over all as a human?
|128: ||Are there some cells (organs) in our body that are similar to our appendix? Such that we don't need but could actually kill us?
|129: ||Why do we have an appendix if we don't even need
it and then since we dont need it, we don't pay
much attention to it but then it could kill us?
|130: ||I understand that clear blisters are when the
serum from the blood collects under the
epidermis, but how actually does the serum enter
the area? Are blood vessels broken? Does the
serum pass through the blood vessel walls? Any
response would be helpful to answering this
question for my class.
|131: ||Will scientists ever be able to clone human
organs by growing them inside other mammals (like
pigs)? If so, wouldn't the animal's antibodies
attack the human organ? Thank you for your time.
|132: ||Why do people or scientists look into cloning so much? What is so interesting about cloning? I think cloning is one of the worst things people can do in science.
|133: ||Why is cloning a public issue?
|134: ||Hi! my name is Maria Prado. I am from Mckenzie Jr High School. We were doing some stretching exercises in the morning at school. I want to know how come when we first wake up we do not have strengh in our bodies? I cant squeeze my fist closed very well! thanks for your help
|135: ||Can humans be cloned? if not what is needed for human cloning?
|136: ||How long (time, etc) does it take to clone a human?
|137: ||What do you think about cloning? Would you like
to get clone?
|138: ||Have scientists cloned a human before?
|139: ||What if two people call a color the same name but
their eyes see different colors? Is it proven
that that's not possible?
|140: ||Do people with different eye colors see different
|141: ||If you have tubes in your ear, where do the doctors put it? between the eardrum and the anvil or something?
|142: ||What is a dream? Is it true that if you can't
imagine a red car in your mind when your awake,
that you see your dreams in black and white?
|143: ||What is DNA made of?
|144: ||I want to know if blood cells mix during sex?
|145: ||1.Do women inherit the genes for diseases like breast cancer only from the genes of their mother or also from their father's genes? |
2. Are the genes on the Y chromosome the only ones that determine that you will become a boy?
3. Are the two X chromosomes in females different? Does only one determine that you will become a girl? And is the one X chromosome that males have the same as the one females have?
|146: ||What causes ADD ?
|147: ||Can blind people who have never seen before dream
|148: ||Tides are acted upon by the gravitational pull from the sun and moon. Since our body is 70% water, could a full moon effect the body in different ways like motion sickness.
|149: ||Is evolution real?
|150: ||What is a photo pigment?
|151: ||How does the fact that there is one photo pigment
in your rods, affect your scotopic responce?
|152: ||How does cloning work? And why would someone want
to be cloned if they themselves wouldnt be
looking through the eyes of the clone.
|153: ||Is life possible on Venus? |
What is needed for
life to exist at Venus?
What is needed for
human life to breath?
What does the atmosphere
need to be like?
|154: ||What makes candy bad for you??
|155: ||I am doing a report on Color Blindness and have
to find someone who is doing research on the
disease. If somebody could answer a few questions
that would be great. 1.What research are you
currently doing for the disease? |
reasearch been helpful in finding a possible cure
or gaining a better understanding of the disease?
3. How is the research being funded?
Are there any future prospects for finding a cure
for Color Blindness?
Thank you very much for
|156: ||I'm doing a keynote presentation on narcolepsy and I was wondering if you could briefly answer the following questions. |
What does your current research on narcolepsy entail?
How is this research helping to find a cure or better understanding of the disease?
How is any research on narcolepsy being funded? And lastly, what are the future prospects for finding a cure?
|157: ||Hello, I would like to know if anyone in UCSB has conducted any long term experiments on achondroplasia. |
I would like to know what causes the disease, how it is inherited, if there is a certain group of people this disease affects, is there a cure or is there research to find a cure, how this research is being funded, and what are the future prospects for finding a cure?
|158: ||How do the different flavors (sour, bitter, salty, and sweet) interact with your tongue? |
Why are some people more sensitive to taste then others?
How does your olfactory system interact with taste?
Does body temperature affect the gustatory cells and what we taste?
Does food temperature affect the taste of things?
Could the gustatory cells be damaged from intense heat and cold?
There are also taste buds on the roof of our mouth; are there definite areas of tastes on there?
|159: ||What is your current research on Hemophilia? How
is this research helping with finding a cure or a
better understanding of the disease? How is this
research being funded? What are the future
prospects for finding a cure? Do you know any one
with Hemophilia and if you do can you give me
their e-mail or a way to contact them?
|160: ||I know that transgenic e.coli has been used to produce human insulin - but is this done in vitro and then the bacteria are separated from the product which will later be injected by the diabetic? Or are the transgenic e.coli somehow transplanted back into a diabetic and then do their insulin production inside of the body for immediate use?
|161: ||What does caffeine do to cause the reaction time
|162: ||Why does my eye color change hourly? P.S. I am
|163: ||How come when I look directly at my "glow in the
dark" stars on my ceiling in my bedroom, I can
not see them, but when I look to the side of them
|164: ||Why is it that the Europeans evolved at a higher rate than any people on the planet? How did this happen? Are Europeans genetically superior or did their different environments contribute or hamper their technological progress?
|165: ||Why do some people have allergies and some people don't?
|166: ||I have some questions about hearts: |
1. I am confused about the hearts of insects. Are they just a smaller version of our hearts? Is their heart also mainly a pump?
2. I heard that there are artificial hearts. Are these more or less pumps that pump the blood through our body? How can they regulate the blood flow?
3. Also, what kinds of batteries are used - I am assuming that the pump needs energy somehow.
4. If the artificial heart is made of metal and plastic parts will it then be less susceptible to be rejected from the body in contrast to an organ transplant?
|167: ||How has our knowledge of DNA contributed to how
we treat (medically) bacterial and viral diseases?
|168: ||What are the kinds of proteins?
|169: ||How do you guys look at the sun directly? What do
you use for?
|170: ||Can someone be as small as 1 inch?
|171: ||I am currently enrolled to the AP biology course
at Santa Ynez High school; I was very
disappointed after we performed a lab in an
attempt to form coacervates. We mixed Gelatin
(1%), Arabic gum (1%), HCL (1%), Methylene blue
(.1%). After mixing all of these together we saw
nothing except air bubbles. I was curious as to
what might have gone wrong. If you could send me
an email with an explanation of what could be
done differently to succeed in forming
coacervates that would be greatly appreciated.
|172: ||Are vitamins in tablets more efficient than the vitamins in their natural source, like in fruit? I am trying to figure out a way to be able to test this.
|173: ||Why does it mean that you are healthy if your
|174: ||I recently received laser surgery on my groin.
The surgeon said that he would WELD muscle back
onto the bone that had become detached, using
lasers and make it easier for it to heal. How did
|175: ||How does cancer actually kill a person ?
|176: ||Will the anti virus drugs (I heard that people buy them in Europe) help against the bird flu virus once it spreads to humans 2. Would a person have to take this medication until the threat is over, even if this is for month or years? I am wondering because I think that the drug does not give you imunity like a vaccine would. 3. Also, how fast would scientist come up with a vacine after an outbreak or can they alraedy work on a vacine with the information they have from the virus that already killed people? Thank you very much
|177: ||The bird virus is called H1N5.Does anyone know what the numbers and letters mean? Why does a virus attack only certain species, like this one only birds? Are our cells not very similar in function? Thanks
|178: ||Why is it that carbs are good for you, but if you eat too much carbs it gets stored as extra fat?
|179: ||Why do viruses attack other cells? They are not
alive, so how do they know what they want to do?
|180: ||Why do humans have fingers and toes? Are their scientific name phalanges?
|181: ||Why do we have fingernails?
|182: ||What is in Carbon Dioxide that can kill you?
|183: ||Why do humans have to cook their food when animals can eat raw meat without any side effects? Thanks
|184: ||Why do humans grow hair on their skin? And why is it necessary to grow hair on your skin?
|185: ||Do we need sun to survive?
|186: ||How does weather affect the way we live?
|187: ||In science, I am studying Fragile X Syndrom for a report. Because of this I was wondering how a person can be afflicted with the disorder, and how they can get help.
|188: ||Why does static electricity make peoples hair
|189: ||My science class is doing reports on genetic
diseases, and I was assigned to research spina
bifida. Is there a lot of scientific research
going on? Thanks!
|190: ||I am doing a report on Tay Sachs disease, and I was wondering if you could tell me what scientists and researchers are doing to help people with Tay Sachs. Thanks!
|191: ||I'm an AP Biology student and we are learning
about molecular genetics. My teachers says that
certain segments (introns)of mRNA are spliced out
before translation occurs. Why do we have
introns then? What role do they serve? Does it
have to do with evolution? Thanks a lot.
|192: ||If I put my finger on one side of my eye I can
see a black spot on the other side. Why is this? |
|193: ||How long can a human body survive?
|194: ||How old is the oldest person in the world?
|195: ||What causes the human body to age?
|196: ||How big is a brain?
|197: ||In my AP Bio class we learned that a gene codes
for a specific protein (the central dogma of
biology: transcription, translation, etc...).
I've also read that according to the Human Genome
Project that we humans have 30,000 genes, and on
another website I read humans have 100,000
proteins. How can we have more proteins than
genes? Do some genes contain code for more than
one protein? Do some proteins come from pieces
of DNA that aren't "genes"?
|198: ||Are human disabilities (ADD, ADHD, ect.) have
anything to do with the environment around us
(air quality, number of plants, ect.)?
|199: ||Where did AIDS come from?
|200: ||Is yawning contageous?
|201: ||Why did people evolve into different races?
|202: ||What is the difference between a nucleic acid and an amino acid?
|203: ||What is the number one fear in the entire world?
|204: ||Why do you get a headache when you eat ice cream too fast?
|205: ||When you spin around a lot, how come you to get
|206: ||how much sugar is in a bottle of coke
|207: ||What are the ends of bones covered with? Where are immovable joints found in the human body? What kind of joints are the knee, toes, and fingers? Which vitamin is made in the skin? Where is dead skin cells found?
|208: ||How long does it take for a Monster energy drink
to kick in after drinking it, and how long does
it take until it gets out of your system?
|209: ||What happens to a human being when subjected to space with no oxygen or protective suit? I have seen many explanations but I would like to know the exact reaction. Many Thanks
|210: ||Why can not you tickle yourself?
|211: ||What makes a person's body to grow?
|212: ||How does the heart work?
|213: ||Why are some people smarter than others and how
are some people more intelligent than others?
|214: ||What is a smell? How does your body recognize a
|215: ||What do cells come from?
|216: ||How can the human body grow?
|217: ||How do we get our voices?
|218: ||Why do we have feelings?
|219: ||What are scientists currently looking at to find
treatment for Down syndrome?
|220: ||What would happen to a bare human body in space? would it explode, implode or stay the same?
|221: ||What percentage of humans in the world are albinos?
|222: ||Does DNA have a color?
|223: ||Is it possible to grow your DNA back after sexual
|224: ||Why do your teeth chatter when you are cold?
|225: ||In my AP Bio class we were learning about the
female reproductive cycle. We learned that an
increase in estrogen causes the anterior
pituitary to release a surge of luteinizing
hormone, which releases the egg (ovulation). I
also read on-line that "the pill" contains
hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and these
stop ovulation, but keep the rest of the cycle
going. If estrogen is what causes ovulation, how
can the estrogen in the pill stop ovulation?
Thanks, and sorry if my question doesn't make
|226: ||I would like to know whether milk is acid or
base. Is it good for a gastric patient to consume
milk?? I would also like to know why hydrochloric
acid resolves in water when it is a covalent.
|227: ||Why are people different? Like Mexican, European,
|228: ||I am currently a student-teacher, through UCSB,
in a 7th grade Life Science class. I recently
assigned disease reports to students and some of
the assigned diseases are caused by prions. I'm
certainly not expecting them to know all of the
details about prions, but I figured that I should
know about them in case I have questions. I've
looked up information on the Internet and read
the prior prion question that is posted on
Science Line, but I still just don't understand
how prions work. How are they infectious? How
do they change other proteins? Are they anything
like viruses, or more like regular old protiens.
I've also seen information about them being
caused by humans' own genetics, so I just want to
know, basically, what they are and what they do.
|229: ||Does a zygote have a diploid chromosome number?
|230: ||What kills botulism?
|231: ||I am aware that cells are differentiated into
their particular functions. Furthermore, cells
reproduce constantly. However, how do these
cells "know" where their "cosmetic boundaries"
are? For example, why don't your lip cells
reproduce right into your cheek area? Why don't
eyebrow-producing epithelial cells grow hair up
into your forehead?
|232: ||Do humans implode or explode in space?
|233: ||Are animal behaviors different from a persons
|234: ||Why are skin cells undergoing mitosis continuously?
|235: ||Why dose blood turn red when it touches the air?
|236: ||Why do humans dream in their sleep?
|237: ||What is the difference between venous and arterial bleeding?
|238: ||We learned on a video that there is one T-cell
and one B-cell in your body to match any virus,
and if they saw their specific virus, they would
start an immune response. We also learned that
all cells divide by mitosis. So, how do T & B
cells divide if there's one specific cell for
each different virus? Does one of the two new
cells die off, or does one match itself up with a
new virus? Do these cells live forever, like
|239: ||How many dendritic cells are there in the body? About how long does it take a dendritic cell to carry the virus protein around and find the specific T-cell it matches?
|240: ||Does your blood type alter the speed of all your organs working together or does it not matter.
|241: ||I'm wondering about the optimal electrolytes needed by the human body during endurance exercise. Thank you.
|242: ||What would it happen if you drink liquid nitrogen?
|243: ||How many living things are there?
|244: ||Is it true that some day the common lifetime of a
man can expand?
|245: ||1. What is the difference between a vein and artery? 2. The importance of blood to the human body?
|246: ||The importance of exercise for the heart and cardiovascular system?
|247: ||How did humans evolve?
|248: ||What parts of the brain deal with memory sight and sound?
|249: ||Are there new developments in researching ways to
prevent sickle cell disease after the cause is
already known. If you aren't doing research, can
you please guide me to a research center that can
answer my question. Thank you so much for your
help. Sincerely, Connor Kerns
|250: ||If teeth sit in different concentrates of acetic acid (vinegar)then how will they react differently? Thank you and I hope you can help me!!! : )
|251: ||In our science class we are doing a project on
genetic diseases, and mine is on Spina Bifida. I
have a couple of questions concerning the
disease. Are the defective genes for Spina Bifida
passed down through genes? Is Spina Bifida more
commen in boys or girls?
|252: ||Dear UCSB Students, I am studying about the Spina
Bifida Disease. in science class and I was
wondering: Have the students at UCSB made any
progress of researching if there are any known
antidotes to this disease? Another question is if
you students know any unusual side affects of
this diseise. Tanner Wolf
|253: ||What is a good way to test the production of
carbon dioxide in humans after different types of
exercise? What is the very best method to measure
that? My teacher wants me to use a better method
other than having the person blow into a cup of
water with a straw for 30 seconds immediately
after the exercise, then testing to see what the
pH of the water is because CO2 is
acidic. Thank you very much.
|254: ||Do you know why the mutation causing Huchinton- Gilford Progeria Syndrome causes the physical appearence of old age?
|255: ||How did the first living things get life?
|256: ||During mitosis demonstrations - books, videos,
and other instructional sources always show the
two nuclei separating; but they never show the
mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, or other
organelles replicating in the process. It would
be greatly appreciated, for my class and my
understanding of the concept if you could answer
this question. Thank you for your time and
|257: ||Dear ScienceLine, Im doing at report on Sickle
cell disease and I have a few questions. Is it
possible to get Sickle cell disease if you are
not African- American? Does Sickle cell show it
self at a certain age or is it just any age?
|258: ||How are the gametes different from other cells in the body?
|259: ||How does the endocrine system work in regards to nutrition and metabolism?
|260: ||Are adults or teenagers more reliable eyewitnesses? Who has the better memory?
|261: ||What color does blood turn when under water at 40 feet?
|262: ||What is the difference between the brain of a teenager and an adult?
|263: ||Is it true that knowledge can decrease memory accuracy?
|264: ||What kind of activities do developmental psychologists do to research about human development?
|265: ||Why do we get pimples?
|266: ||Does radiation cause mutations
|267: ||Does the endocrine system contain organs?
|268: ||How does your hair keep growing?
|269: ||How does anesthesia make you not feel anything?
|270: ||Why dont most people have blue eyes?
|271: ||I have heard that there are two main theories to
the evolutionary origins of life, RNA first and
metabolism first, can you give me some
information on both?
|272: ||If there is a sickled blood cell in your blood stream, what would happen to your body?
|273: ||Will a human be able to survive breathing ionized air?
|274: ||What are the three branches of life?
|275: ||Why almost people in Europe have blue eyes and
blonde hair? thanks
|276: ||Do cells have brains?
|277: ||What would happen if a red blood cell was damaged?
|278: ||What would happen if a skeletal muscle cell were
|279: ||What is the disease called when a child is born
with no pain response?
|280: ||What makes the sight of a specific color create a
specific emotion in a specific person?
|281: || |
Hello, i am doing a project on gel
electrophoresis and just had a few questions.
-What is the basic process?
-What is it used
for? What fields?
-How is the gel
-How are the DNA segments
-Could the average person conduct
their own gel electrophoresis experiment?
Any answers to any of these questions would be
greatly appreciated. Thank You
|282: ||What physical ailment can happen to the red blood
|283: ||Why do fiber make you go to the bathroom?
|284: ||To make genetic mutations do you have to change
DNA or RNA? Why?
|285: ||How do your lungs get black after you smoke?
|286: ||When you fracture a bone, what happens to the bone?
|287: ||Why do youn cry when you are hurt or sad?
|288: ||What will happen to our Nervous System if we have lost our ability to see?
|289: ||Why can we be paralyed from the waist down after a stroke?
|290: ||If an astronaut died in space, would he
decompose? (no bacteria but what about radiation?)
|291: ||How does weather effect human emotions?
|292: ||We learned that breast milk helps develop
immunity in infants. Do these antibodies (from
the mother) stay in the baby's body for his or
her entire life? Or does the immune benefit only
last until the baby develops its own immune
system? Also, if a baby hypothetically breast
fed from multiple women, would he or she develop
a more comprehensive immune system?
|293: ||I heard that antibodies are passed on from mother
to child. Do antibodies get passed on through
more than one generation? I mean, even if I
breast feed my future children, will they still
be missing out because I was not breast fed myself?
|294: ||How was earth created and how did life begin on
|295: ||Where are mature T lymphocytes after disappear
|296: ||Why nerve cells can't reproduce?
|297: ||Why are you not crushed by atmospheric pressure?
|298: ||Do you get different cells everyday?
|299: ||Do Siamese twins share the same brain cells?
|300: ||Can you be alive with no cells?
|301: ||How can a skin cell change to a nerve cell?
|302: ||How come whenever I go round and round in a circle it looks like I am going very, very fast, when really I am going very slowly? It is so strange. I very much want to know! So, if you have an answer please send it to me. Until my next question, good bye!
|303: ||How do all people dream?
|304: ||Are there any known organic substances that are
|305: ||What is the likelihood of an organic sunscreen
actually being effective and marketable?
|306: ||Are any of the chemicals in commercial sunscreens
known or suspected to be dangerous to humans?
|307: ||How would a professional scientist test the
efficiency of organic sunscreens?
|308: ||What would you use as a substitute for human skin?
|309: ||What types of cancer does sun exposure cause?
|310: ||How do animals decompose? |
How do the
cellular tissues break down?
I am working
on a science project related to taphonomy and the
decomposition of soft bodied invertebrate ocean
specimens inside of alcohol jars for laboratory
research. Could you help me?
|311: ||Are you smarter if you have a bigger brain?
|312: ||how does a boy/girl get different sex organs than
|313: ||Why do people have tissue to support their bones
|314: ||What does offspring mean?
|315: ||What does genetics mean?
|316: ||What does DNA mean?
|317: ||What is a chromsome and what does it do?
|318: ||What helps cell divide?
|319: ||How many times a day does a cell divide?
|320: ||What is some evidence for evolution?
|321: ||How did the people start talking and making the new languages of their own if they did not know from a long time ago how to talk?
|322: ||What will happen when a fertilization occurs?
|323: ||What will happen when a fertilization did not occur?
|324: ||Hi, I read an article the other day about an artificial retina that nanotechnologists have recently created. I really liked it and all, but I was wondering how something like that could work. My sister who is in college now told me about brain input and output signals that are recived from electronic sources, such as the artificial retina. How would a blind person be able to "remember" what they saw with the artificial retina? If the artificial retina does not have direct contact with the part of the brain that stores information, how is seeing something, and (knowing you have seen it) possible?
|325: ||My class and I are wondering about conceiving twins. They are wondering about the genetics of it. Does this usually go through the mother's side, father's side or both? What are the odds of conceiving a set of twins, either fraternal or identical? Do all identical twins share an amniotic sac or can they have separate ones? Thanks!
|326: ||Does your heart really stop every time you sneeze?
|327: ||What is carbon monoxide poisoning and why is it lethal to humans? What is the chemical reaction that occurs in the body when carbon monoxide is inhaled?
|328: ||How does noise pollution from traffic affect the environment? What animals does it specifically affect?
|329: ||Why is it that chicken meat is white, pig meat is
pink, and cows meat is red? Does diet play a
|330: ||Do we inherit our fingerprint traits? And when you get a cut or injure finger and it breaks the skin does your fingerprint "grow" back ? Or does it change?
|331: ||1. What is the difference between biodegradation and bioremediation?
|332: ||Why do only Eukaryotic cells have nucleuses?
|333: ||The presence of flowers in bedrooms has an effect
on human respiration at night. Is it real? What is
|334: ||What are the main functions of the lymphatic system?
|335: ||How carbon dioxide is carried in the blood?
|336: ||What is the technique of using artificial kidney?
|337: ||If our body is al atoms that vibrate, would cellphones, laptops and other electronics change our natural vibrations?
|338: ||Do cells attack each other? If so,Why?
|339: ||Since water conducts electricity, if a persons entire body is soaking wet would that then make being struck by lightning make it more life threatening?
|340: ||What does the Flagellum help in a Prokaryotic cell?
|341: ||How do you know that the cells in your body are
|342: ||Is eating glacial ice bad for you? I was told that if you eat ice from a glacier it will make you very sick as it has micro organisms in it. Is this true? Thank You
|343: ||"What is the evolutionary reason for people to be tickled?"
|344: ||When putting your finger through fire, why doesn't your skin burn?
|345: ||Is it possible that the saliva can break down metals in your mouth, for example a tongue ring or a cavity filling?
|346: ||Is it the actual mold or the mold juice that is used to make antibiotics?
|347: || |
I'm an eighth grade student at La Colina Jr High and I am doing my science fair project on carcinogens that leak into water from the plastic bottle that the water is contained in, when the bottle is heated.
I am having trouble with finding a way to test for bpa or other common carcinogens in plastic bottles that I can do! It would also be okay if I could just identify a foreign substance in the water that wasn't there before.
Thank you very much for any information you can give me.
|348: ||What would happen if you threw a human out into space without a space suit?
|349: ||Why do human beings feel pleasure when they hear music?
|350: ||What effect can a microwave have on DNA? (The
myth that sitting on a microwave can change your
|351: ||Is there anyway to make yourself dream more
|352: ||Are there known toxic environmental or human side
effects of either producing or consuming
|353: ||Why do your ears and nose continue to get larger as you age?
|354: ||How you scientists would define the words genes, genetics, and heredity?
|355: ||In the field of Genetics, what does it mean a trait and hybrid?
|356: ||I would like to know what is an allele?, what is a recessive allele?, and what is a dominant allele?
|357: ||How fast do nerves send signals to and from the
|358: ||Why does your skin turn red when you get sun burned?
|359: ||Why do peoples hair change colors when the get
|360: ||Why is it when you mix a white mouse with a
colored one, it comes out with a different color?
|361: ||How does the releasing of dopamine in the brain cause people to feel good?
|362: ||I am doing a science fair project and my question is: "Do non-video game players have faster reactions than video game players? I was wondering if there is any way at all to improve your reaction time. If you have any information that you think will help me please answer to my question. Thank you!
|363: ||How do dry chemical heatpacks work?
|364: ||Why do you have red blood cells couldn't they be any color or are they red for a specific reason?
|365: ||How does icy hot work?
|366: ||If one were to have a iron content in their blood, would they be more likely to become electrocuted or possibly would you have a worse effect from an electrocution?
|367: ||Are there centrioles in both plant and animal cells?
|368: ||Why does onions make you cry when you cut them?
|369: ||Are your fingerprints on each hand the same or
|370: ||Do you inherit your mom or dad's fingerprints?
|371: ||If Darwin's theory states that humans evolved
from monkeys, why are there still monkeys?
|372: ||How can fetus or adult stem cells be used to develop organs? Have there been experiments conducted using stem cells? How can a stem cell be removed, without endangering the life of the fetus?
|373: ||Is it possible to drink too much water, and if
so, what will happen to the body, how will it react?
|374: ||Why does helium alter one's voice?
|375: ||How much chlorine gas can be inhaled before it has a fatal effect?
|376: ||Why do some animals have actual babies and some
|377: ||I am confused about how light works, and
"invisible light" works. How do we not see
certain types of light? Thanks!! -Samantha
|378: ||Is there any way to prevent genetic disorders
such as Down Syndrom from happening?
|379: ||When the earliest organism grew, did ti go extint
after new ones grew?
|380: ||In the future what will humans most likely going
to look like after evolution?
|381: ||What causes your voice to change when you inhale
helium from a balloon?
|382: ||Why is it impossible to eat a spoonfull of Cinnamon?
|383: ||Why is it that if chlorine gas is so fatal, we are able to use it in swimming pools and allow it to come in contact with our skin, but it doesn't have a harmful effect?
|384: ||What do animals have,that we don't have?
|385: ||Are cells a big part of our bodys?
|386: ||Why cant we breath under water?
|387: ||How does a henna tattoo work, and why does water make the stain fade?
|388: ||What is the venom type in a Western Diamondback Rattlesnake and what chemicals in the venom cause the body to practically breakdown?
|389: ||Why does human skin itch when it reacts with grass?
|390: ||Is it possible to develop any phsyical and/or mental addictions to the caffeine present in coffee? If so, what might they be?
|391: ||How does chemistry and the structure and function of molecules apply to my life?
|392: ||Did people exist during the dinosaur times?
|393: ||Do male and female grow at different rates?
|394: ||Does your eye color affect your eye sight??
|395: ||How do antiseptic soaps work?
|396: ||How does lead poisoning affect the development of babies both while they are in the womb and after birth? Thanks!
|397: || |
The theory goes that mutation is the raw material for evolution. Existing sequences of DNA, some of which codes for functional proteins, other sections dont, have random changes in their nucleotide sequence over time, that may persist and dawn reproductive advantage onto carriers of that gene.
I know that changes in the nucleotide sequences of the same gene have been observed across species, like in the genes that code for polypeptides in cytochrome C and hemoglobin. Based on this evidence a sort of evolutionary time line can be developed to show how far back organisms diverged from a common ancestor by comparing the numbers of differences in nucleotide sequence. In the study of genomes thus far, is there any evidence that suggests a related sequence of nucleotides that result in different functional proteins? Not all organisms have the same proteins, so wouldnt we expect to find that when we find a novel protein on the evolutionary tree, that the nucleotide sequence that codes for that protein would be analogous or similar to a the sequence for a different functional protein? I havent come across anything on this front and was wondering what the experts know. Thanks and I hope you have lots to be thankful for! Sincerely, Bret Klopfenstein Ventura HS
|398: ||How do you measure the different atoms in a human body since there are so many different types? Would you use the weight of the body to determine it?
|399: ||Can you please tell me the digestive timeline for protein, fat, and starch?
|400: ||Why does the sun turn skin darker, but hair lighter?
|401: ||How does self-tanner work?
|402: ||How does potassium prevent cramping in sport activities?
|403: ||How are scientific names developed?
|404: ||How do scientists figure out what parts of the brain control what?
|405: ||When someone eats too many carrots or carrot juice, why does their skin turn orange? What makes the skin turn that color?
|406: ||What germs are good for the human body?
|407: ||What elements are present in the body?
|408: ||What makes asbestos toxic?
|409: ||What causes poison oak to irritate the skin? What
does that have to do with chemistry?
|410: ||What causes the hair color to change when you put
different color dyes in it?
|411: ||Can you ever drink too much water?
|412: ||My family and I are on the Feingold diet. We do
not eat foods containing artificial colors and
dyes because we believe they have negative
health/behavioral effects...especially on my 6
yr. old autistic brother. I have a 5th grade
science experiment due and would like to do
something related to food dyes and how much
people eat them daily but cannot think of any
exact experiment to do. Any ideas?
|413: ||Why does chlorine turn your hair green?
|414: ||Why does pepto bismol turn your tongue black?
|415: ||Does air pressure increase or decrease the higher you are in air?
|416: ||Can you ever drink too much water?
|417: ||How does sulfur in facial cleansers help to eliminate acne?
|418: ||Hi. In the answer to a question about ethyl alcohol and bacteria you-all wrote that ethyl alcohol can kill bacteria because it denatures the proteins in the cell and dissolves the cell membrane. I am trying to figure out how the ethyl alcohol in handgel affects viruses. I have read that all viruses have a protein coat that protects their genetic material and some have an envelope of fat that surrounds them. If the virus coat/shell is made up of proteins and /or fat if ethyl alcohol denatures the proteins in a bacterium cell, does it also denature the proteins and/or fat that make up the virus coat? If it does this, is this the reason we could say that hand gel is effective in killing viruses that may get on your hand?
|419: ||Will food coloring kill fish?
|420: ||We need bacteria for a science project; the name is Acinetobacter calcoaceticus RAG-1. Is this dangerous bacterium? Does work with it need to be done at a special lab?
|421: ||Is too much chlorine harmful for the skin?
|422: ||What substances destroy your teeth?
|423: ||Who has bigger hands boys or girls?
|424: ||Can mice distinguish color?
|425: ||Which fingerprint is more popular in the index finger?
|426: ||Which grows faster scalp hair or body hair?
|427: ||How does potassium prevent menstrual cramps and cramps during physical activity?
|428: ||What information is coded into DNA?
|429: ||Will eating junk foods like soda, chips, and candy increase your energy for a short amount of time?
|430: ||What causes that shock I feel when my body comes into contact with metal?
|431: ||What is the chemical compound in sunscreen that prevents harmful UV rays from penetrating the skin?
|432: ||How does sunscreen block harmful UV rays from reaching the skin?
|433: ||How does deodorant prevent us from sweating under our armpits?
|434: ||A work co11egue has asked me to ask , if an
astronaut was lost in space would his body
|435: ||How does the human body use copper?
|436: ||What chemicals in the no calorie sugar
replacement, Splenda, cause cancer?
|437: ||Why is it that when you exhale into water, the water from your breath becomes acidic and fizzy?
|438: ||Why does the sun lighten our hair but darken our skin?
|439: ||If soap is a base, why do we not get burned?
|440: || |
When I drink a smoothie to fast, or jump in cold water, my head hurts really bad, and I am getting dizzy. Thank you a lot for your help!
How does that happen, and why does that happen. Is it true that pressing your thumb against the roof of your mouth helps stopping that feeling?
|441: ||What makes chili peppers hot/spicy?
|442: ||What is the chemical reaction that causes the fizziness in Fizzy Candy?
|443: ||How does The Transderm Scp patch work and how does it stop nausea?
|444: ||How do acne creams help to make the acne disappear?
|445: ||How do teeth whitening products work?
|446: ||How does eating carrots enhance your vision?
|447: ||What causes teeth whitener to work? How does it actually whiten your teeth?
|448: ||Why are babies born with blue eyes?
|449: ||Why is Gatorade better for athletes then water?
|450: ||Is there chemistry involved in love?
|451: ||How do the chemicals in Novocain work to numb a certain part of the body?
|452: ||Hi there! I was just wondering: why are some
acids harmful but others can be present in food?
Also, why does acid burn your skin? Thank you so
much and hope to hear from you soon!
|453: ||How does tetracycline eliminate acne in the body?
|454: ||I was wondering how sun screen protects skin from
getting sun burnt?
|455: ||Do humans all like different tastes or do we all like the same taste but we taste each food differently?
|456: ||Do we all see the same colors or do we see different colors but just grow up to call the color the same way?
|457: ||Why do some people get alergic to certain things
but other people not?
|458: ||Two other friends and I are conducting a science fair project in which the question is: How does different footwear, or lack thereof, affect running ergonomics? There are many tests we can conduct with our own equipment, but a great addition to the project would be access to forceplates and any other instruments to measure weight distribution and or the stresses and forces incurred on the body while in the process of running. If no one working at the university has the means to test these things a nudge in the right direction would be much appreciated!
|459: || |
I'm asking for help with the assistance of my teacher. I'm doing a science fair and research project on the golden ratio in nature. I'm interested in mathematics and finding relationships between things I can measure in the real world.
I've been doing research on the golden ratio and I've found that the information is either too general or too advanced. I think there may be two ways you could help me:
1. I would like some help finding material that could help inform me appropriately (beyond the junior high level, but easier than graduate school) for my mathematical research.
2. Is it possible that there might be someone on campus willing to mentor me?
Teacher's note: This student is one of the brightest girls I've seen! Worth nurturing/Mentoring!!!!
|460: || |
I am doing a project on DNA sequence and on how changes in the sequence cause disorders. For example, cystic fibrosis is caused by a recessive allele. When you look at that string of DNA you can see there are three DNA bases missing. Here are my questions I need answered:
1) What kind of technology you would use when looking for the DNA impurities?
2) In the sequences is it easy to point out the mistakes or are they hard to see?
3) Is a specific name for this action or do I just call it DNA sequencing?
4) Is it possible to replace the mistakes with the correct sequence? --Thank you
|461: ||Is it true that if you laugh a lot, you will live longer? if so why?
|462: ||How do you get head aches? Why?
|463: ||Why is blood red?
|464: ||What does Vitamin D have to do with calcium?
|465: ||Hello, I am doing a science project on the element Zinc. I was wondering if you could help me with relevant information about it.
|466: ||We have been having classes about drug abuse and how to avoid it (D.A.R.E. program from the School District). Is the problem with alcoholism related to our parents' genes or is it something we humans get by drinking too much alcohol?
|467: ||Do you have any unique information for the use of Calcium, the element?
|468: ||Are all plant cells square and all animal cells
more round in shape?
|469: ||What is color blindness, how can you tell when you get it and are there any treatments to get rid of it?
|470: ||What is it that salt enriches flavors?
|471: ||When does a baby start having memories that affect her/his behavior when she/he becomes a grown up?
|472: ||How does a mummy body stay the same?
|473: ||Can humans bring dinosaurs back to life like Frankenstein?
|474: ||How is that you get seasick when you are on a boat?
|475: ||After how many generation of Chromosomal crossover will human beings stop?
|476: ||What common ancestor do humans and other mammals share?
|477: ||If a human had been uploaded with a computer program, how could one test his brain to prove it, and determine who the originator of that program was?
|478: ||How can obligate anaerobe bacteria can survive without respiration of oxygen!?
|479: ||Why can people see more clearly when they
squint their eyes?
|480: ||What part of the ear makes a person go deaf?
|481: ||What is the function of a plant cell and what is
the function of an animal cell? Are their
|482: ||What living things do not have vertebrates?
|483: ||Why are spiders dangerous?
|484: ||How can we test the effectiveness of rubbing alcohol in killing bacteria?
|485: ||Why the exoskeleton present at joints is flexible and soft? Significance?
|486: ||Is there a sixth human body sense and how does it work?
|487: ||How many particles run through the human body?
|488: ||How many times does your heart beat?
|489: ||If I put food coloring in my veins, will it kill me? I want to know if my veins will change color for a science fair project.
|490: ||Why animal cells have more variety in shape than plant cells?
|491: ||Are viruses alive? What about prions?
|492: ||Hello, |
I am interested in studying how fingerprints develop and form in different people. Is there anyone at UCSB who could help me find out more about how fingerprints exactly form? I would also be interested in possibly working with someone who researches embryological development because I think that it relates to the development of fingerprints. Thank you very much,
|493: ||How do different forms of teaching, including text, visuals, and audio learning, affect students' comprehension tests? Which age and STAR test score level was affected the most?
|494: ||How does the amount of pressure put on students to perform well affect their test scores?
|495: ||How to test or create better questions for testing? I would like to perform a good high school level project. Any suggestions on would be greatly appreciated.
|496: ||How do different surfaces affect the
of finger prints?
|497: || |
In science, I am starting a Science Fair project and I have a few questions that need to be answered for guidance and advice. My project is: How do the size, color and amount of time to see an image affect a person's image memory?
1) What do you suggest I should do to test the affects of different sizes, colors and amount of time to look at an image on a person's image memory?
2) How would I measure these effects?
3) What do you suggest I should do to record my data?
4) Does level of intelligence and age affect a person's image memory? How?
5) Based on your experiences, how do you think image memory affects a person or a community?
Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions.
|498: ||Do finger prints stay heat sensitive longer
depending on the surface the print is applied
|499: ||Why do we have fingerprints or 'prints' on only
our palms and feet? Is there a difference between
the types of the skin?
|500: ||How can I get information or background research for handwriting analysis?
|501: ||My question for my science fair project is how
does age affect how quick you see an illusion?
I was wondering what topics I should research
for my background section? Thanks!
|502: ||Do Football helmets contribute to head injuries
and concussions in the NFL (National Football
League)? I wanted to know if you had an
instrument that measures force when is hit. Can
you tell me what kind of instruments can I use to
measure those forces?
|503: ||Hi - |
We are studying protozoa and have some
questions about the shape of ameobas. In the
slides & videos we've seen, the pseudopods look
like arms that reach around and engulf a bacteria
into a food vacuole. However, you can still see
the bacteria... does that mean that there is no
pseudopod "on top" of the bacteria? Or are
pseudopods 3-dimentional? We don't know, since
we've only seen them on slides, flattened under
cover slips - what shape are ameobas when they
float freely in the water?
|504: ||Does your eye color affect your eyesight? If so, I have hazel eyes, would I see better or worse than others? I'm just curious.
|505: ||Can a person live without gall bladder?
|506: ||Who is the oldest person in the world?
|507: ||What animals have the most bones in its body?
|508: ||In Psychology, it is a well known fact that one can change oneself through positive self- affirmation & visualization .It is believed that the self-affirmations to the subconscious mind are best done in an already achieved mode. For example, a student who is weak in mathematics and wish to improve on it should say the self- affirmations as I am excellent at mathematics & also visualize himself as ALREADY being good at Math repeatedly. Or a person who is a coward could reprogram his mind by saying to himself, I am brave, etc. This is so that the subconscious mind is set with the positive intended goal and thus will program the whole body with the message. But the question is that such self-affirmation is not the truth (or not the truth yet). When he is telling himself that he is ALREADY being good at Math, he is actually lying to himself. So, would it better to say,I am getting better and better at Math rather than I am excellent at Math?
|509: ||Can you please tell me the digestive timeline for
protein, fat, and starch?
|510: ||We have been learning about the immune response (natural killer cells, dendritic cells, t-cells, etc.) and I have a question: how many times a day / week / month does your immune system fight off viruses? Is it happening all the time?
|511: ||Do scientists ever use hypertonic solution to kill cancer cells?
|512: ||Are baby lungs filled with air while in the womb? If not, what is inside the babies' lungs before they are born?
|513: ||How does the volume of "Pumped Up'd Kicks" by Foster the People, affect the heart rate of a person?
|514: ||If you listen to a Country song, a Hip-Pop song, a Rock song, a Rap song, and a Jazz song, what type of song would make your heart rate the lowest(and highest)?
|515: || |
What is music therapy?
What type/tempo affects moods in what way?
|516: ||How long does it take for the temporal lobe to convert short-term memories into long-term memories? |
|517: ||What influences memories? Does rapid movement not store as well as something that is still does?
|518: ||Is there a specific color that the brain reacts to?
|519: ||How does age affect sensory, short, and long term memory?
|520: ||Why don't we remeber anything from our early lives?
|521: ||Why do some events stand out in our memory more than others?
|522: ||Could gender affect someone's memory?
|523: ||What section of the brain controls sensory, short, and long term memory?
|524: ||What exactly causes a memory from sensory to short term to long term memory?
|525: ||Do you believe that acronyms are a resourceful tool to remember things?
|526: ||Propylene glycol is said to be used in shampoo. Is this harmful to hair, and/or does it clean sebum better?
|527: ||Is there a correlation between fingerprints amongst family members?
|528: ||If I test fingerprints of families, do I have to have the same amount of members in each family?
|529: ||When I have to write results/complications of the fingerprints tests should I mention the number of members that I tested in every family?
|530: ||What elements in sugar have a negative affect on the body? Do all sugars have this affect?
|531: ||What part of the brain is affected by music the most? Thank you! :)
|532: ||What is that section of the brain's reaction to music?
|533: ||Are there specific reasons why some colors affect
|534: ||Does the brain react differently to certain tempos?
|535: ||Some memories we remember more than others. Why?
|536: ||Does age affect the brain's reaction to music?
|537: ||Does eating healthy affect daily brain activity?
|538: ||Does the brain respond to familiar music differently than unfamiliar music?
|539: ||Do any other lobes, beside temporal lobes, affect
the storing of memories?
|540: ||Hi! I need to ask you a few questions for my science project, so here they are: Do events in our life affect brain activity and memory? Gracias! (:
|541: ||Why do human beings having emotions and feelings?
|542: ||If I dont have the right amount of vitamin C in
me, then what will start to happen to my body?
|543: ||If you boil any other type of vitamin besides vitamin C, will it lose the same amount of its nutrition content?
|544: ||Does it matter if there are words in the music you are listening to? Can those words get your brain flowing with new word ideas and help with thought processing or anything of the like?
|545: ||Can your brain waves sync with the beat of the music you are listening to?
|546: ||Is there any research existing showing
relationship between brain activity and
|547: ||Can the rhythm or bass of music affect how you concentrate? Like if the bass were loud and repetitive it could become annoying and take your attention towards it.
|548: ||I have 5 questions. |
1) Do colors affect
2) Which colors have the greatist
effect on someones emotions?
combination of colors have a greater effect on
4)Does color have to be a certain
shade for it to have an effect on emotion?
5)Do all colors have an effect on emotion?
|549: || |
I am doing a science project for school and
my question is, "How does music affect
concentration?" I have five questions for
What part of the brain is
responsible for concentration?
|550: ||How does age affect how quick one sees an illusion and how does personal relevance affect how quick one sees an illusion?
|551: ||When was the Kastle Meyer Blood test first used? What is the history behind it? How does the Kastle Meyer Blood Test work in its process of detecting blood? Why does it produce a purple pink color that equals a positive result? What is the purpose of using hydrogen peroxide 3% in the Kastle Meyer Blood Test? What causes peroxide to be detected as blood during the initiation of the Kastle Meyer Blood Test resulting in a false positive?
|552: ||Is phenolphthalein the same or at all similar to phenol red?
|553: ||Does music affect everyones' heart rate?
|554: ||Does listening music through a stereo system or through headphones differ when you are testing heart rate after listening to music?
|555: ||After listening to music and then testing the change in heart rate, does age differ?
|556: ||After listening to music and then testing the change in heart rate, does gender differ?
|557: ||What part of the brain controls concentration?
|558: ||What type of music affects concentration the
|559: ||Does listening to music while taking a test affect students test scores?
|560: ||Does music affect concentration?
|561: ||If my hypothesis is; if volunters listen to
"pumped up kicks" by Foster the People at 25 50
75 and 100db, then there heart rate will change
most after 100db, then do you think age would
matter? With the above information do you think
that what they where doing before the test would
matter? Do you think that during the test the
volunteer should be without distraction? My last
question would be, do you think that I should
test the volunteers heart rate or tust they will
give me the right answer?
|562: ||How do different kinds of music affect concentration?
|563: ||Does melanin have other functions besides protection from ultraviolet radiation exposure?
|564: ||How are scientists able to know the role of neurotransmitters in the human brain when they can not see the synaptic connection among neurons?
|565: ||If we were able to unfold the brain, how big would it be? Would it be long like an intestine or flat and round like a tortilla?
|566: ||What is the effect over a persons vocal range if the singer warms up before singing, and which other factors affect the persons vocal range?
|567: ||As to your answer to the experiment of testing
the effectiveness of a rubbing alcohol in killing
which one should fall apart first? And why?
|568: ||I was just wondering how many chromosomes it
takes to make one strand of DNA? Thanks,
hopefully you reply soon.
|569: ||Why aren't monkeys turning into humans right now?
|570: ||Is there a scientific name for when a person has two different color eyes? meaning each eye is a different color. Also, is it an inherited trait? Is this trait on a specific chromosome? Thank You
|571: ||What is the most common disease in teenagers, that is fatal?
|572: ||How do our brains function similarly to small animals if they aren't the same size?
|573: ||Since a Stimulant increases the body's activities, and a Depressant is the exact opposite, is an Anti-Depressant considered a Stimulant?
|574: ||Since an inhalant is something inhaled, is an inhaler considered a drug?
|575: ||What makes some twins of the same sex identical
and others not?
|576: ||Im wondering how come people have different
brains, minds, and intelligence?
|577: ||We were studying about different kind of lenses.
How can contact lenses help people see better,
when they are on top of your eyes?
|578: ||Why can many plants and animals adapt better than others?
|579: ||I always hear about pH on things like bottles of acne face wash, which claim to "restore your pH balance", or deodorant that is "pH balanced just for you". What does this mean?
|580: ||We want to know is blood blue or red? It looks
blue in the inside and on the outside it is red.
|581: ||In your body is your blood blue or red? |
|582: ||Does the carbon dioxide change the pH of our
blood? (I was doing an experiment and we were
using straw and we had to blow inside the water
and the pH changed.)
|583: ||Why does water only smells when it is mixed with something?
|584: ||Is it possible if we brought all the supplies to
live on the Moon?
|585: ||What concrete evidence do scientists actually
have that we evolved from monkeys and that the
"big bang" actually happened?
|586: ||Do you believe in aliens?
|587: ||If we use only 10% of our brain-what is the other 90% doing?
|588: ||Why does Lyndsay have one blue and one brown eye?
|589: ||Why are the trunks of trees brown?
|590: ||What are the black dots you see when you close your eyes?
|591: ||How many different traits are located on the 23
pairs of chromosomes?
|592: ||Why do some girls grow a little mustache? Is it
normal or is there something wrong with them?
|593: ||I wonder, did humans ever metamorphize in any
time? Because I saw insects did it. Did the
neanderthal change in some way so that they could
look like humans today? I know it's not the
same exactly as insects, but how are they the same?
|594: ||I know we have a vocal box, but I do not know how
the vocal box works. Could you help? We do not
have any reference book that I could use to look
up this topic.
|595: ||I wonder if you know of any web sites or
information on the ozone layer.
|596: ||Is there really life on Mars? What evidence is
there that there may or may not have been life on
|597: ||I was wondering how ultrasound works. Ive seen it
in T.V. and it looks really weird. When I saw it
all I see is something moving, How can you guys
tell where the arms and the legs are? Is there a
better method for looking inside the stomach
without hurting the baby?
|598: ||How big is the ozone hole? Is the hole getting
bigger or smaller? Can the ozone layer/hole be
repaired, by nature or otherwise? How long do
CFCs take to reach the ozone layer and eat it up?
How big will the ozone layer get by the year
2000?How could we stop the ozone hole from
getting bigger? Will the ozone hole affect the
earth's gravity? What will happen if the hole
gets really big? Would we die?
|599: ||I have a problem, and I need your help to solve it. My teacher took away my laser when I shined it at another student in class, because he said it's bad for our eyes. He said I could get it back if I could find out WHY its bad for our eyes. Does it really hurt you eyes? If it does, why?ps. Please write back fast because the laser isn't mine!
|600: ||I never heard of ozone near the ground.Does it
affect in any way or protect us in others? Is
there any way we can improve it? If the higher
ozone gets destroyed, can the lower one protect us?
|601: ||Why does the heart need to beat and pump blood through the body? How and why do people get heart diseases? I already know that smoking and drinking can cause heart diseases,but what else? Why does the body need a heart? I know the heart is a major muscle but why does the body need it? Is there another way to move blood? I am also interested in any information sources you have on the heart.
|602: ||Why cant our eye and brain process certain parts
of the electromagnetic spectrum? We know that we
can see the visible part, and that other animals
can process infrared, for instance. What is it
that makes our brains different in this respect?
|603: ||My school is surrounded by fields. I always see
helicopters and trucks spraying the fields with
pesticides. Our track at school is less than 20
feet away from those fields. We run a mile for
P.E. about 2 times a month. Kids at our school
always go home sick. Since our school is so close
to the fields, I think that we inhale those
pesticides. I was wondering if there is any
information about short term effects like when
you first breath it and if there is any
information about long term affects like stuff
you dont know thats happening but its happening?
Thank you for your time.
|604: ||Pretend you are one of the field workers, you are working really hard, and you are hot and sweaty. When you sweat your body opens up these little pores that let out the sweat. My question is, when the pores of a field worker open can pesticides or germs get in the body through the pores before they close?
|605: ||Our beach had an oil leak sometime around 1992-
1994. I want to know how that oil leak could
effect us and the animals that live in the ocean?
Maybe you heard about the Unocal oil leak in
Guadalupe. I havent found good information on the
health problems. I want to know.... what are the
effects to us.... where could I find out?
|606: ||Somtimes I get an asthma attack from
cigarettes,and other times not.Im wondering if
the difference is in me or in the kind of smoke
from different cigarettes?Can you help with this
question? Thanks for your help.
|607: ||I have been to LOS ANGELES and I stayed there for
four days and my eyes started to hurt so I was
wondering if pollution affects eyesight that cant
|608: ||I heard tail pipe exhaust is harmful to the
environment. Can you make a filter for a tail
pipe that can block the harmful parts of the
exhaust? (I guess I need to know what is in the
exhaust that causes problems first)
|609: ||Are all chemicals harmful to future generations?
Do bug sprays harm babies? What exactly causes
air pollution? What type of diseases does
pollution cause for humans? If pollutions was to
enter a black hole what would happen?
|610: ||HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE CHEWING GUM TO BIODEGRADE?
IF YOU SWALLOW GUM CAN YOU DIGEST IT? (GUM IS
IMPORTANT TO US, BUT WE ARENT SUPPOSED TO CHEW IT
|611: ||I'm interested in the Sympathetic Nervous System.
How does it work? What nerves make the
different organs in the human body work? What
happens when something goes wrong? Can this
system be fixed?
|612: ||Why does helium make your voice high?
|613: ||Why is it that your body starts to age? Why must
your body get thin and fragile?
|614: ||Why are some people more flexible than others,
and how do they get so flexible? Why are some
bones stronger than others?
|615: ||I am doing the rubber bone experiment to take
minerals out of chicken bones. I am using
vinegar. I want to learn how my bones get the
calcium from the milk I drink. How does the milk
get from my stomach to my bones?
|616: ||How does the fetus develops inside the mothers
stomach? How do cells develop in the fetus?
|617: ||I am studying the humans heart I found
interesting information in books, but I don't read
in English too well yet. I found a page in the
Internet that told me the names of the parts of
the human heart . I don't have a lot of
information but I hope you could help me.
|618: ||I heard what I consider an old wives tale. Does
the amount of X or Y chromosomes produced by a
male human depends on the frequency of sex that
the male is having? I was told a man is more
likely to have boys than girls if he was having
sex more often.
|619: ||Why do humans only use 10% of their brain?
|620: ||Why do we have toes?
|621: ||Why do people have to die?
|622: ||How does your skin heal a cut? How does it know when to stop healing?
|623: ||Could life survive on a Asteroid? On Earth there
are six characteristics of life. In the search
for alien life forms are the characteristics of
life the same?
|624: ||How long would it take for an island formed by a
volcano to become habitable?
|625: ||Why do we have hair and why in their specific
locations on the body?
|626: ||How much pressure is needed to cause a bone
|627: ||What are boogers and why do we get so many?
|628: ||What causes the disease hemophilia? Who can get it?
|629: ||Why do we have freckles and birth marks?
|630: ||Why do people dream?
|631: ||If all of the plants on Earth died, how long
would it be before we run out of oxygen?
|632: ||How did bacteria develop on Earth?
|633: ||Is it possible for people to live in space? Why
do people want to do that?
|634: ||Is there any possible way that people here on
Earth could live on other planets like Saturn,
Jupiter, or the Sun?
|635: ||Why do we have deja vu?
|636: ||What causes spontaneous combustion?Extra question from those X-Files fans: Can humans spontaneously combust?
|637: ||What is the scientific meaning for love?
|638: ||Do we have the technology to freeze people and
brind them back to life? What would happen to
the water in our body if we were frozen, wouldn't
it expand...and isn't this a potential problem to
|639: ||Why can't we send an astronaut to Jupiter on a satelite or probe? Will we ever be able to send a human to the outer planets?
|640: ||When twins are identical, what factor causes one
to become right-handed domiance and the other
|641: ||We watched the Guinness Book of World Records and
saw that scientists were growing human parts,
like ears, on other species, such as rats. We
were wondering how this process was possible. We
would appreciate any response. Thanks.
|642: ||I am trying to find out what kind of poisions are
in cigarette smoke. can you help me?
|643: ||Has the cure for cancer already been found? On
the internet, I found referecnes to the cure for
cancer (already detected in the years 1920-1930
by different scientists like George Lakhovsky,
Nikkola Tesla and Royal Raymond Rife?). Using a
Multi Wave Oscillator they ware able to
regenarate the human body cells. Are there any
modern science investigations done to confirm or
deny this? Is this just a myth?
|644: ||How are recombinant plasmids moved through the
membrane into the receiving bacterium.The story
in the high school bio textbook is simply that
restriction enzymes clip the gene of interest,
it is recombined with a ligase, and then this
transformed plasmid is reintroduced into the cell
- but no real explanation. Can you explain this
|645: ||Why do your fingers wrinkle after soaking in the bath?
|646: ||Why do the sun and moon look bigger when seen on
the horizon than they do when high in the sky?
|647: ||I am currently participating in a project where I
have to design a space settlement. I would like
some data on the materials and the processes
being developed/studied here. If you have any
such information, could you help me?
|648: ||In regards to extraterrestrial life, I wonder
about their "rate of life". I mean, could what
we call a second be a year for their species.
So, a message from us like "Hello" would be a
lll...oooooooooo." If our thought processes are
at two very different rates, then communication
would seem impossible. OR, is there one rate of
life in all the universe? It seems that this
would have to be the case for any contact to
occur since the probability of another species'
"rate of life" being close to ours appears to be
zero. Do you think our rate of life is connected
to the speed of light. So, for example, an alien
species with a rate of life one hundred times
ours would see light travelling one hundred times
slower? (or faster?)
|649: ||As a scientist, how would you explain how the
Earth was created after the Big Bang occurred?
Where did animals, plants the human race come from?
|650: ||If the sun were to explode, what is the
probability that human life forms would survive?
Is there a possibility of a "Counter Earth."
|651: ||How do computers contain so much information in
them? They are so small, but we are bigger and
contain less information?
|652: ||How many skin cells get damaged when we first get
out of bed? How long before they die? Does any
cell ever [avoid being] eaten? How do skin cells
get their food to stay alive? Do skin cancer
cells live longer than regular cells?
|653: ||Since I [started]...Junior High, and Ive seen many cases on TV where young ladies had babies during their adolescence . I have been wondering about the cause for teenagers to be involved in sexual activities. So my question is: What is the reason for sexual activity between teenagers?
|654: ||Why can't humans make the 8 amino acids which we
need toget from the diet? Is it a loss of a past
ability, or are we maybe gaining the ability?
What amino acids do you acquire from beans and
rice, versus milk, and versus tofu?
|655: ||Why are some people gay or lesbian?
|656: ||Why do the bruises change colors over time?
|657: ||Do cells go through the same changes as human
beings, or do they go through different changes?
In other words, do they start little, go through
some kind of puberty, then get old??
|658: ||Why do people have different skin colors?
|659: ||What are the reasons that could keep humans from living longer than anyone does now?
|660: ||How do people die without any accident or any disease? Do they really die of old age?
|661: ||Why do old people get white hairs? Who found out about cells in our body? We are very curious!
|662: ||How does respiration work? How fast does respiration work?
|663: ||When we take a bath or a shower, do cells fall in the water? Can cells sense stuff?
|664: ||What do we know about the specifics of the
bonding process between a diatomic oxygen
molecule (O2) and the third oxygen
atom, the combination of which ends up as
O3? Does it have to do with
radiation? How exactly does it happen? What are
the effects of inhaling ozone on the human body?
I know that it is harmful to plants and even
deadly to them, but what does it do to humans?
|665: ||Do you think all stocks of polio virus should be
destroyed with the upcoming eradication of the
|666: ||Why does hair grow in your nose?
|667: ||During mitosis, why is there a line that splits the cell when the cell divides and what causes it to do so in animal cells?
|668: ||Do any other animals have an appendix? If so what
is it used for? Do you know what ours was or is
used for? Could ours have been used for the same
purpose long ago?
|669: ||If brown hair comes from pigments (proteins), aren't gray hairs formed when the pigment is no longer produced? But then why have I seen gray hairs that are gray at the end but dark at the root? What is the story with gray hairs? How do grayhairs form?
|670: ||From what does the yolk form? Endoderm? Mesoderm? Ectoderm?
|671: ||Why do some people believe schizophrenia as having a largely environmental component?
|672: ||How does the eggshell form on the egg?
|673: ||How long does it take before your eyes get
damaged when looking at the sun?
|674: ||What did we use our tonsils for in the past? Why do they get infected? Why do we remove them? Why don't we use them any more?
|675: ||What characteristic of radioactive material
creates mutations in organisms? Do certain
radioactive elements have different affects on
organisms, or is it purely chance that a material
would cause mutations?
|676: ||I wanted to know if a human were to be totally comsumed by tar and the body was 50ft under ground if the body were to be dragged out after thousands of years would the body be compleatly preserved or would it be all rotten and decomposed due to the natural way of thing?
|677: ||Are there any organisms on earth that have a
triple helix DNA strand? If so, how did these
organisms evolve this way? If not, is it
possible for an organism to have a triple helix
|678: ||How many chromosomes does an elephant have?
|679: ||Since an inhalant is something inhaled, is an
inhaler considered a drug? |
|680: ||Viruses fascinate me. How is that they are not
living organisms? Do you have an idea how did
they evolve from other organisms? I was
thinking that they probably evolved from the
mitochondria, is it possible? |
|681: ||Is it possible to have a real life Furry. You
know, the animals that can walk on two legs, and
have human characteristics. Is this possible? |
|682: ||Is hand sanitizer really effective? Also, since
it doesn't kill viruses, should it really
say "Kills 99% of all germs!" It seems a bit of
a lie. Isn't it better to just wash our hands?
|683: ||What type of sound waves does an accordion
|684: ||How many joints are in a human body? |
|685: ||Can physical health effect your ability to learn? |
|686: ||When a person gets diabetes, what organ is
malfunctioning? What is it failing in the human
body that produces any kind of diabetes? |
|687: || |
Hello, I am a current intern at Nationwide
Children's Hospital in Columbus Ohio and I am
having some trouble with teaching myself some
cell signaling pathways for microbial
pathogenesis. I taught myself the three
complement pathways to destroy pathogens through
the use of C5bC78 added to around 10-16 C9s to
make a MAC, but I am trying to teach myself the
toll-like receptor pathways and others like
that. I am very much a visual learner but these
pictures that I am getting online are too
complex for me to decipher. Also, the videos
online that I am finding are too simple and I
need to go more into depth. I have a
presentation of what I did in the lab for the
past few months coming up on August 10th and I
need to be as well prepared as I can be because
a scholarship is on the line that I am competing
with other students for and it is vital that I
am well prepared to be as versed as I can be in
the topic of microbial pathogenesis and
immunology. Are there any sites or books
that you would recommend me looking for? I would
really like help here! Thanks so much.
|688: ||Why are tears so salty? |
|689: ||Do multi-cellular plants and fungi possess immune
systems analogous to those found in animals, with
white blood cells? |
|690: ||What is the theory of evolution? |
|691: ||What is microbial biotechnology? |
|692: ||Why living things need to be fed? |
|693: ||Why is GTP used in translation and transcription
instead of ATP? |
|694: ||How do divers equalize the pressure in great depths? |
|695: ||Does stem cells treatment can cure frontal
temporal disorder? |
|696: ||How do biosensors transmit messages to the cell? |
|697: ||When do sperms come in the human body?
|698: ||When a red blood cell gets old and worn out a
white blood cell surrounds and engulfs it,
a vesicle that then fuses with a Lysosome. What
this process called? |
|699: ||What happens when you drink too many energy
|700: ||Why do we need water to survive? |
|701: || In how many directions do our blood circulates
the body? |
|702: ||If cells are the smallest unit of living things,
are cells made out of cells? |
|703: ||If a woman has sex with two different men can the
child have the DNA of both men and the women? The
sex was say within three hours of each orgasm. |
|704: ||How is blood sugar controlled in a healthy
individual? I would like to know the role of
enzymes, hydrolysis, condensation and the hormones
that control blood sugar via bio-synthetic and
|705: ||If a red blood cell is damaged. Does it get
paralyzed or not?
|706: || |
I have a question about the genetic
similarities between the major primate species
(orangutans, chimpanzees, gorillas, gibbons, and
bonobos) and humans. A lot of times one hears
about how humans and chimps are the closest to
each other genetically, differing in their
genetic makeup by only a few percent. I´m
wondering though, how close genetically are the
great apes to each other?
For example, how close are chimps to
gorillas, gibbons, or bonobos? Or gorillas to
orangutans, etc.? Do you guys know of any
references comparing the genetic codes of all of
the great apes to humans (from which I could
deduce how similar the great apes are from
themselves)? Or perhaps a direct comparison of
primate genetic codes to each other? I´m mostly
interested in the overall percentage difference
between each species, but I´d love to look at
any additional information as well such as where
their genetic codes differ with regard to each
Any help or references to resources on the
subject would be greatly appreciated! Thanks!
|707: ||How many chromosomes are there in a Geometrid
|708: ||From my own research I learned that cancer cells
are created by abnormal cells that have undergone
a change,and they use the amino acids in your
literally eating you alive. Can cancer be killed
the depletion of the amino acids in a person's
body? Also, how could we sustain their life
because amino acids are the bases of a human
protein and body, but they are also the fuel and
build if cancer? |
|709: ||Can viral RNA multiply itself inside the cell
membrane with ribosomes and get through all of
cell defenses (such as lysosomes and splicer
insomes)? Are there such things as defensines? |
|710: ||How do you prove in an experiment that digestion
occurs and how? |
|711: ||Can viral deoxyribonucleic acids infect the
nucleus and other organelles? Do defensins poke
holes in an infected cell? Does viral DNA and RNA
look the same as our DNA and RNA? |
|712: ||I was wondering if you know where can I buy
initiation medium and clone induction medium? I'm
doing a project dealing with plant cloning. If
know where to get them that would be a big help! |
|713: ||Is it necessary to insert the nucleus of somatic
cell of any animal in an egg cell of the same
of animal in cloning? Can we insert sheep somatic
cell in cow egg cell and have a successful
cloning? If so,why is it possible? If not,why is
not it possible? |
|714: ||I think that Science has successfully done
cloning. I think that Science is doing progress
in body preservation after death. Combining body
preservation and cloning, can Science recreate
bring back a death body, let say after 4 years of
being buried? I mean, can Science work on a
skeleton, fixing every part of the body and
bringing it back to life? |
|715: ||What is enamel? |
|716: ||If you compare the two sequences of HindIII and
HaeII, is there anything unusual about the
sequence itself? Is there something about AAGCTT
or AATT that might suggest it is something other
than random if you came across it in a DNA
sequence? If you wanted to cut up a genome into
smaller pieces instead of larger pieces, and you
had the three enzymes to choose from that we
talked about above, which enzyme would you use?
The 4, 6 or 8 base pair cutter, and why?
|717: ||Why people living in India and UK have different
eye color ? |
|718: ||How does the cardiac muscle contract and relax in
a proper way (rhythmically) if it has not bony
attachment or nerves? |
|719: ||Why are some people visual learners and some
people auditory learners? How can you test them
find out which one they are? Thank you!
|720: ||If I wanted to do a science project having to do
with does middle school math stay with through
adulthood? Should I test them on basic everyday
life questions or more complicated math that is
not used in everyday life? |
|721: ||Is Panda bear related to Raccoon? |
|722: ||What is the function of the nucleus pulposus in
adult? Not Embryo |
|723: ||Is a thumbprint from someon\'s left hand
to a thumbprint from the right hand? |
|724: ||Are the smooth muscles in continuous working
(contract & relax) for life? For example, if the
stomach is empty, will it work or not? How do
both states (contract & relax) work in the body
according to the organ? Note: ignore the
peristaltic period please. |
|725: ||If red blood cells would become curved, what will
it happen? How can we improve blood circulation &
reshape red blood cells if they are damaged? |
|726: ||Can you show me a picture of spider bites? |
|727: ||How do the nerves in our tongue work? |
|728: ||How does the dizzying motion after-effect (from
spinning on a swing) affect hand-eye
How long does the effect last in comparison to
how long one spins for? |
|729: ||Hi, I am currently working on my eight grade
science fair project. I am testing if stage
is real or just in your head. I was wondering if
there was an expert I could interview about my
topic. Someone trained in Psychology is what I
thinking. Thank-You! |
|730: || |
I am in 8th grade and I\'m starting to work on
science fair project. The question for my
How does sight affects taste?
I will test that by having 3 equal amounts of
drinks in clear cups. One will be cherry, one
be grape and one will be lemon/lime. The
volunteers will first taste each drink and try to
guess the flavors. Next, I will blindfold the
volunteers and have them guess again. Then I will
add food coloring to the drinks to make the
look like grape, lemon/lime look like orange and
grape look like root beer or cocoa cola. The
volunteers will then test each drink and tell me
what they think each flavor is. My hypothesis is
that on the control and blindfolded test, most
people will guess correctly. On the incorrect
colored test, I think people will guess the
to be grape, the lemon/lime to be orange and the
grape to be coca cola.
a. Do you think that the procedures should
differently in order to answer my question (How
does sight affects taste)?
b. Do you think the colors of each flavor
difference, or should I change them?
c. Do you think my hypothesis is correct?
d. Is there anything important that I need
before I start conducting the experiment?
e. How many volunteers do you think I
to make the experiment reliable?
f. How do you think I should graph this
g. Do you think this are too many variables
deal with, and should I make it to just one
h. Is there anything else you know about
effects taste that you think is important to
conduct this experiment?
i. What do for your career, and what is your
knowledge in this topic?
Thank you so much for your time and expertise on
this subject. This will help me greatly on my
|731: ||How does chlorine affect material over a long
period of time? How does chlorine affect peoples’
|732: ||Does your nose run in space? |
|733: ||Why chilly tastes bitter? |
|734: ||1. What part of the brain stores and helps
with concentration? 2. Can music improve test
scores? 3. What part of the brain does music
trigger? 4. How can I make my project the best
it can be?
|735: ||I am doing my science fair project which is: Does
chewing gum improve memory? These are my
questions:1. What section of the human brain
memory 2. What techniques improve memory? 3. Can
chewing gum improve your memory? 4. How does gum
stimulate the brain? 5. How can I make my project
the best it can be? 6. What is your profession?
|736: || |
My science project is: How does music affect
1. How do you think music affects blood
2. Can music be healthy to listen to?
How can I make my project the best it can be?
|737: ||What happens if your body does not produce red
blood cells? Is this something that has happened
to anybody? |
|738: ||What is tetnus? |
|739: ||I am working on a science project about how color
affects taste and I was wondering if you could
help me with advice. I would like to interview a
scientist via email. I would be asking questions
like: Are there any flaws in how I set up my
experiment? What do you think is the most
efficient way to test this hypothesis? I would
also like to do some questions about the topic
|740: || |
Thank you! What is your favorite part of
life science? Least favorite?
Also, I was planning on conducting my project
1) having 15 test subjects throw 5 tennis balls
each into a hoola hoop / bucket 10 meters away.
2) spinning 15 test subjects on a swing for 30
seconds and then having them immediately throw 5
tennis balls each into a hoola hoop/bucket 10
3) once the subject gets off swing I will have a
timer set to time how long they feel dizzy for
and will stop the timer when they notify me they
no longer feel dizzy
4) recording and comparing results
Do you have any suggestions to help make my
experiment more accurate? precise? better in
thank you so much!
|741: || |
I am doing a science project on How smell
memory and I am interested in finding someone to
interview and answer my questions.Here are my
questions, and I hope to hear back about someone
can interview. Thanks. Questions:
1. How are the brain and olfactory bulb
2. How does memory work?.
3. How much of the information one learns is
remembered for the average person?
4. Are smells remembered?
5. Can perfumes be linked to memories?
6. How does the brain store memories?
7. Where does the brain store memories?
8. Are there certain smells proven to trigger
9. What are some smells that have effects on the
|742: ||Is there a speed at which the force of the car's
motion makes it so that the seat belt can no
longer protect the passenger? |
|743: || |
Hi, I am doing a science project on how sight
and smell affect the taste of food. I am testing
sugars and I have five questions.
1. Have there been experiments done like mine?
so what were the results?
2. What do you think my results will be?
3. Do you know the connection between smell and
4. Have you tested the connection between the two
5. What do you do daily while working?
|744: ||Why is the blood type AB called AB |
|745: ||Why is the giant panda classified as a bear and
not classified as a raccoon? |
|746: ||How do single-celled organisms function? |
|747: ||How is the phenomenon or syndrome called when
somebody can not understand his or her writings?
|748: ||What types of test should I use for a music
concentration experiment? |
|749: ||Do people have better visual or auditory memory? |
|750: ||How are human organelles affected? |
|751: ||What are some bad things that organisms do for
|752: ||Why do we grow? How did we come upon to be
|753: || |
My science fair question is: How does music
affect concentration? I have 4 questions.
Question 1. What is your Major?
Question 2. What type of music would be the most
Question 3. Do you think my procedures are
Step 1. Get 10 people.
Step 2. Get 10 groups of 10 mazes( same level
Step 3. Have each person do a maze one-by-one
without music and time them.
Step 4. Repeat 5 times per person with a
set of mazes for each trial.
Step 5. Record observations and data.
Step 6. Have each person do a maze one by one
Step 7. Repeat 5 times per person with a
set of mazes for each trial.
Step 8. Record observations and data.
Question 4. What is your prediction of the
|754: || |
How has musical therapy been effectively used?
Is a heart rate monitor the best tool to
monitor heart rate?
What background do you need to be a musical
Will the music someone is listening to change
their resting heart rate?
|755: || |
1) Do Great White Sharks purposefully attack
2) Why are people so afraid of a shark that
looks so fake in the movie?
3) Is there a possibility of overtaking fear
4) How exactly does fear work in the human
5) What is your current job and what do you
have your credentials in?
|756: ||1. What is music therapy?
2. What kind of degree must someone have to
a music therapist?
3. What kind of music would affect concentration
4. How many times should I test the experiment?
5. What kind of predictions do you have for the
outcome of the question: What kind of music
affects concentration most?
|757: ||At which phase of cell cycle does the
mitochondrial DNA synthesis takes place? |
|758: ||How are scientists helpful to us?
|759: ||What are the structures of a red blood cell? I
have a project to make a model of the cell, and I
wonder how I should design it. Thanks! |
|760: ||Do different colored lights affect how images are
seen or interpreted? Can colors show help people
visualize images? Does sexuality cause people to
like or dislike a color? What effect does
environmental color have on someone's mood? |
|761: || What are some malfunctions of red blood cells
|762: ||Do older minds work differently than younger
|763: ||Does everybody have the ability to see the same
optical illusion? |
|764: || What is an optical illusion? |
|765: ||Are there any physical differences in eyes that
are looking at optical illusions and in eyes that
are simply reading? |
|766: ||Does it take longer for an older person to see a
picture in an optical illusion than a younger
|767: ||Do all living things grow? |
|768: ||Why do we have eyelashes? How fast do they grow
|769: || Do our toes have prints? |
|770: ||Why is the body's muscular system different in
male and female? |
|771: ||How long does it take to die from no oxygen? |
|772: ||Hi I was wondering if you could help me answer
following questions for my science project about
how preferences bias our choices:\r\n1: can color
preferences have biological origins?\r\n2: could
preferences made by different stimulation of
neurons in the visual cortex affect other brain
functions like our behavior?\r\n3: if i tell the
test subject that they need to pick out 20 m&ms
fast as possible do you think it would affect the
colors they choose compared to if i just told
to pick whichever 20 m&ms they like (and not tell
them to go fast)\r\n4: How is the visual part of
you brain connected to the area that controls
hand coordination\r\n5: what other factors might
affect the colors a person chooses out of a bowl
of m&ms |
|773: ||Does excessive exercise lower your immunity
|774: ||Why do brain cells not undergo Mitosis? If it is
because they are missing certain mechanics to do
so, would it be possible to insert these
into a brain cell and induce mitosis? If
successful do you think this could help with
damage from concussions or even elongate human
|775: ||Which cells are bigger, from plant or from
animal, and why?
|776: ||Are people born more flexible than others? If so,
why is this? Is the cat the most flexible animal
|777: ||Why do we sneeze? |
|778: ||Why do cells require oxygen? |
|779: ||Which hormones are necessary for differentiation
of white blood cells from hematopoietic stem
in the red bone marrow? |
|780: ||Would it be possible to just inject salt into a
cancer cell, so it stops making more cells and
then just remove the tumor? |
|781: ||What is the scientists view on euthanasia?
|782: ||Why do oranges and lemons have citric acid? |
|783: ||Where do neuron cells come from? |
|784: ||If an organisms muscle cells or nerve cells are
damaged, what problems would there be? Which
stages of cell division require energy? Which
stages would require that new biomolecules and
cellular structures be made? |
|785: ||I just did the Rubber Bones experiment and
successfully remove all calcium carbonate for the
chicken bones. However, I added a step by then
soaking the bones in Whole, 2%, and fat free
to see if the calcium in the different types of
milk would help the bone harden back up. It
didn't. They were actually softer afterwards. Can
you tell me why? |
|786: ||Why does it take venom to make anti venom? |
|787: ||Is there any chance of life up in space? |
|788: ||Why do have to wear a helmet in space? |
|789: ||How big is our heart? |
|790: ||What is the most dangerous disease for human
|791: ||Hello there,
I am a masters graduate in Mississauga, Ontario,
Canada. I would be much grateful if you could
me to an online dictionary in evolution
expressions or even Biology, as I am developing
lectures in the Origin of Life. Sophia
|792: ||Why don't we have a large appendix? |
|793: ||Are farts germ carriers? I was thinking about it,
and SOMETHING goes from one body into another. Is
airborne disease not an issue because clothes are
|794: ||Why is it that human females usually have
traits and human males usually have recessive
|795: ||How many bones do we have? |
|796: ||What is it meant by cell specialization? |
|797: ||What color would your blood be if your skin was
|798: ||If humans receive biochemical damage from solar
radiation what can happen to them? |
|799: ||Why do animals have whiskers? |
|800: ||Why does water have no flavor? |
|801: ||Why cannot we breath under water? |
|802: ||What is Gold used for? |
|803: ||Why are humans on Earth? Are we population
to animals? |
|804: ||How can students avoid getting shocked on plastic
slides? What can we build? |
|805: ||What was the first living thing on earth? |
|806: ||What happens when u put a chicken bone in vinager?
|807: ||How many times do we blink a day? |
|808: ||Can a tree produce enough oxygen to keep a person
|809: ||What is the purpose of the Whale nervous and
|810: ||What is melanin?
|811: ||How do people help plants? |
|812: ||How can I check if I see red color for example
same ways as you would see it? |
|813: ||Has there ever been a human clone? What are your
thoughts of cloning in the future? Okay? Not
|814: ||How would the human body be affected without the
process of mitosis? |
|815: ||Do smaller bones soaked in vinegar become bendy
|816: ||If a bus with passengers is moving an amount of
CO2 released by the vehicle itself as
well as by
the passengers, is this amount of CO2
smaller than the CO2 released only by
passengers if they were riding their bikes? |
|817: ||How advanced is the world in the development of
artificial intelligence? |
|818: ||What is an ecosystem and what is it made of? |
|819: ||Is it possible to refill the holes of ozone? Can
a new compound be discovered which could act as a
protective covering for earth from harmful rays of
the sun? If this is possible, please tell me the
elements which are protective in function to UV
rays . Can you send me related web sites where I
could learn more? |
|820: ||Can we survive on the sun? |
|821: ||Who was the first person alive before the cave men
were born? |
|822: ||How did all the houses and streets looked before
the dinosaurs came?
|823: ||How many cells do we have in our body? |
|824: ||What are phospholipids? |
|825: ||What are the benefits and harms of solar radiation
and solar rays? |
|826: ||What color is our blood inside of our bodies? |
|827: ||What is a nucleus? |
|828: ||What is the effect of tea on physiological process
of gastrointestinal tract?
|829: ||Hi, I am a parent at Laguna Road Elementary
School. I have been reading online about Wi Fi
radiation (EMF or high radio frequency) and the
health risk in children. I am concern about it
and heard that in France they are pursuing "wired"
technology in their schools. Our school plans to
implement iPads (wireless) next year for each
child as part on the 21st Century Technology
Initiative. Do you have or know of any research
that can help me understand this further? What
are the risks since the technology is fairly new?
I know that the FTC's guidelines are outdated
since their standards are based on the 1950's or
something a long time ago. I have looked at EMF
portal's website and found things but I think we
need someone (ie. Physicist or person who works in
the field) who is more knowledgeable to put things
in perspective. I think of UV radiation and
smoking when I think of WiFi radiation. I would
not like to find out years later of the harmful
effect. I would
rather have it tested out to be safe then use it,
if possible. There will be many children affected
by this. Please help us understand better.Thank
you for your time.
|830: ||Is there any cell that has round shape? |
|831: ||In our class we want to know how long does it take
to digest a doughnut? It was asked if it was really
|832: ||Thank you very much for opening this fantastic
forum to benefit students from all over the world.
My question is if the planet Earth emits heat
from radioactive decay, I will also be right to
say that it emits all the dangerous radiation as
well. If so, why are humans more afraid of a
nuclear explosion when we have been exposed to
dosage and dosage of nuclear radiation naturally?
And we seem to careless about it. |
|833: ||How is ATP produced in a cell? |
|834: ||Hello,Today in science we were learning about
Darwin, evolution, and artificial/natural
selection. I was wondering why there aren't
sub-species of human like there are types of geese
and breeds of dog.
|835: || How are phobias triggered, do childhood
experiences affect this, and how does the brain
process this information so it becomes a phobia? |
|836: ||How do fraternal twins differ from identical twins? |
|837: || Are their any fossils that haven't been found yet? |
|838: ||How is milk produced in a female body? |
|839: || Why can we see colors? And why can we see light?
|840: ||How does weather and climate affect human activities? |
|841: ||Is there hair on the bottom of our feet or on the
palms of our hands?
|842: ||What causes small animals to grow, while big
animals tend to shrink? (over long periods of
time) My teacher was talking about how for example
spiders used to be bigger? But how can that be?
Yes I learned some things about evolution and how
over long periods of time things tend to change,
but why shrink? Why grow? |
|843: ||Why the tooth ache is increased at night time as
compared to day time? |
|844: ||Why fluoride is essential for tooth? Is any other
member of Halogens family helpful in tooth
health and protection? |
|845: || Why do animals need energy from the sun even if
they get energy from the food they eat?
|846: ||Which organisms have the ability to regenerate
limbs, eyes, and internal structures? |
|847: ||Are there any organisms which can regenerate their
entire bodies from a central section, or from one
|848: || How can brain get cancer, if nerve cells can't
under go mitosis cell division, so how does it get
cancer cells? |
|849: ||What is the meaning of "biology"? We were taught
that "bio" meant life, and "logy" meant "the study
of". Have you been taught this also? Thank you for
the courtesy of a reply.
|850: ||Is there a living thing that does not move? |
|851: || My husband was bitten/stung by something - we
think a spider of some sort, last May. The bite
was painless. It started as mosquito bite size and
went through the same progression/symptoms as a
Hobo spider bite. I had the same thing happen 3
weeks ago and am still recovering from the "bite".
Do we have Hobo spiders in Santa Barbara? We never
saw what bit us, what could it be? I'm still
recovering.Thank you. |
|852: ||What is the minimum number of cells a living thing
can have? |
|853: ||Can you tell what kind of bones are the ones on
the pictures below?
|854: ||If two boys were to come inside a woman, would the
sperm make two babies or one with all parent's genes? |
|855: ||What are things that are alive, but display
characteristics of non-living things? |
|856: ||Hello.I am researching the role of the spleen in
the immune system, particularly in response to
peripheral cytopenia. Do you know what happens to
the spleen if it experiences a sudden increase in
abnormal erythrocytes? Does this cause any spleen
pathology? And finally, what does loss of spleen
function mean for the immune system? Thanks. |
|857: ||Does petting a dog could affect a person's blood
|858: ||What is the organelle that is found in the nerve
cell and does not replicate? |
|859: ||How does a mitochondria in a cell get energy from
food, water, protein, etc? |
|860: ||What are your lungs made of? |
|861: ||Why do we need cells to live? |
|862: ||How do you know a cell is alive or not? |
|863: ||What is a nutrient or anything that comes from
outside of the cell membrane, which does it go to
the nucleus (even if it ends up like a waste)?
|864: ||How come you don't see everything blue if your
eyes are blue? |
|865: ||Do people have better visual or auditory memory? |
|866: ||How bad can acetone nail polish remover affect
your body, and what will it do? |
|867: ||How is it possible to breathe in zero gravity?
|868: ||Scientifically, what happens to a person when
she/he dies, where does she/he go? |
|869: || |
Dear UCSB Researchers, I am an 8th grade
student hoping to research methods of resisting
bordetella pertussis disease. I was thinking that
if there was a vaccine that would increase the
growth of cilia on our ciliated epithelial cells
in our respiratory system, then we would be more
protected from whooping cough. Would you think
this could be a good hypothesis? "If our
epithelial cells in our respiratory system produce
continuous amounts of cilia, then our bodies will
be more protected from bordetella pertussis." I
see two possible questions to study:
1. Is there a chemical that can grow more cilia
on lung cells?
2. What can I use as a safe substitute that is
just like bordetella pertussis?
I think that pertussis is too dangerous to use
as a bacterium, so what would you recommend as a
substitute? Also, how could I grow these cells at
my home without a lab? Is there a way I can grow
more cilia on cells? How could I actually measure
how many cilia are present (would I take a picture
and count)? Thank you! From an 8th grade
|870: ||How do I measure Happiness indirectly and
reliably, using a survey? |
|871: ||How often do astronauts die out in space? And if
they do what causes them to die? And how long can
you live in space and your body is still fully
|872: ||Why is that when cells from a multicellular
organism falls off it dies? When I look at
unicellular and multicellular cells they look some
what alike. |
|873: ||Will a human body explode in space if sent without
helmet in space? According to me, internal
pressure will be very high and there will be
nothing to balance it so it must explode. If no,
then why? |
|874: ||Does a relationship exist between a person's eye
color and his/her ability to identify colors in
dim light? |
|875: ||How do people with 4 cones in their eyes see color
differently than most people who have three cones?
Why do they see so many more colors? How do
cones work? |
|876: || |
I read an article attempting to explain why
viruses attack cells. The argument mentioned by
the author hinges around the idea that a virus is
genetically programmed to attack cells. We
already know that. What is missing is how this
viral genetic code was written in the first place.
This is not a philosophical question!
The point is as follows: evolution is an
ongoing biological process and different life
forms are different form one another. Having said
that, it is not clear how the genetic make-up of a
virus can be designed in order to successfully
attack cells. Consider the differences between a
bacteriophage and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(HIV). Clearly, they have different structural
properties that allow them to successfully invade
the corresponding targets. Why? How did it
happen? What are the fundamental mechanisms
underlying viruses, i.e., design and build a virus
that will be able to infect the following cell?
Scientific answers are required to tackle these
|877: ||My Question is: How much oxygen will land based
microorganisms convert in a Mars like atmosphere?
I need help getting the tools for this experiment.
Is there somebody who could help me? |
|878: || Why does Mitochondria provide energy for the cell? |
|879: ||If you got cut out in space, what color would your
blood bleed out as? |
|880: || How does Photosynthesis affect other organisms? |
|881: ||Do you know how climate change accurs and why it
happens? Do you know what wwf-international is
doing about it? |
|882: ||Do twins have the same DNA?
|883: ||What are enzymes and how are they important to
living things? |
|884: ||What happens after people die? |
|885: ||I know that plants take in carbon dioxide and give
out oxygen. But do all plants need oxygen? What if
all the plants where gone what will happen to the
presence of the humans? Will we all die slowly?
What will happen to the animals? |
|886: ||What is embryonic development? |
|887: ||Do any of the UCSB scientists believe in creation
instead of evolution? |
|888: ||How would an ecosystem comprising of grass land be
effected if all carnivores were removed? |
|889: ||How does different surfaces affect the
preservation of finger prints?
|890: ||What would you need to survive on Venus? |
|891: ||How people can drink ocean water, but animals like
fish can not; and how can fish breath ocean water
and drinking it is not healthy for those animals
which live in bad ocean waters? PLEASE WRITE BACK,
thank you, love.
|892: ||A cell knows what to do because it is programed to
do what it do. But, what or who programed the cell
or any other unconsciousness life to know what to
do? I mean, how the atoms of the first living
thing know how to be arranged to construct this
|893: ||Do Unicorns and Pegasus exist? |
|894: ||Why is the atmosphere of Venus more friendly to
plants than humans? |
|895: ||Are gorillas our (Humans) Ancestors?
|896: || |
In the beginning of this experiment, I
hypothesized that Classical music would lower the
heart rate and blood pressure by releasing greater
amounts of Serotonin into the bloodstream. I also
hypothesized that Rap, or any high-temped music,
raises norepinephrine levels.
My studies have shown that this is true, but
not in every case. 50% of my subjects’ blood
pressure rose while listening to rap, but the
other half did not, instead staying neutral e or
even lowering. 75% of the subjects’ blood pressure
decreased with Classical music, but the effects
were not as drastic. 50% of the subjects enjoyed
rap, which is probably the cause of the lowered
blood pressure. 50% enjoyed classical music, or
knew the song, which is why their blood pressure
lowered. The heart rates of all the subjects made
no pattern during this experiment, except after
the classical music was played. In conclusion to
my experiment, I realized that whichever genre of
music you enjoy lowers the blood pressure, not due
to the rhythm.
Can you relate to my conclusion? Do you think it
is accurate? Thank you so much!
|897: ||How does Transpiration work? |
|898: ||If someone's body gets a DNA mutation, what could
be symptoms that happen to them or the cell? |
|899: ||Why does the appendix cause illnesses? |
|900: || What's the difference between bacteria and virus? |
|901: ||What exactly happens during meiosis? |
|902: ||How does hand sanitizer kill germs?
|903: ||Can babies in two different sacs be born at
different times? |
|904: || What color is blood without oxygen in our body?
|905: ||What is the scientific name for kneecap and fingers? |
|906: || |
Much of science fascinates me and I find that the
more I learn, the
better I understand the world around us. One of my
main interests was
herpetology and having observed different lizards
in the wild as well as
consulting various knowledgeable people in the
field it has in fact
brought me to ask a few questions about humans and
why we do what we do.
I am currently studying psychology.
With slight variations within a species having
created a sub-species it
begged the question about humans and namely racial
researching it on the internet it brought me to
your website and namely
Does this imply that there are indeed sub-species
of Homo sapiens? If
so; what are they? Are there any scholarly
articles about this subject?
If you could point me in the right direction, I
would appreciate it.
|907: ||Compared to several decades ago, do you think the
Internet has changed people's lives?
|908: ||Why do people think that we evolved from monkeys?
|909: ||Hope you are fine, I am confused about the nature
of life, the main point is that if the first
organism on earth is Bacteria, then where the
organism (Bacteria) came from? How did it come to
exist on earth?
Please help me.
|910: || I'm really confused... when I was born I had
black eyes. After a few months they started to
turn in chocolate brown. As time passed by they
turned in clear blue color. And now that I am 14
they're changing again but this time into green. I
just want to know what is happening to me. I'll
appreciate so much if you guys would give me an
answer. Thank you.
|911: ||Hi, I am a freshman in high-school and I was
wondering if magnets can cause any long term
affects like cancer or some other type of disease.
I would like to hear back. Thank you for your time.
|912: ||Why is sound so important? |
|913: ||Does venom save lives?
|914: ||Do birds urinate? |
|915: || |
Do chromosomes make up DNA or contain DNA? If
it does contain DNA, how does 46 chromosomes make
up the 220 different somatic cells with different
46 =/= 220, because doesn't each different somatic
cell have different DNA(double helix)?
How does this work?
|916: ||Can you engineer viruses that attack harmful
bacteria in the same way that HIV attacks T Cells? |
|917: ||Why do salamanders need their skin for protection? |
|918: ||People have different types of blood (e.g A, B, AB
or O). Is it possible for animals to have those
same types too? |
|919: ||Why do people with dark skin have darker eyes?
|920: ||How does conduction flow through a cell?
|921: ||What is blood pressure? |
|922: ||It says neurons do not divide. Can we expect brain
cancer due to division of neurons. Or are the
brain cancer solely due to division of other cells
in the brain? |
|923: ||What would happen if we did not have a digestive
|924: ||Why does the sun help us to live? |
|925: ||If a tree can live for thousands of years, and
humans only live for about 80 to maybe 100 years,
surely the trees are doing something we have done
Is it possible to combine a plant with a human and
cut off the growth problem which may solve
immortality? Have scientists tried to combine
animal cells with plant cells?
|926: ||Can we kill viruses? |
|927: ||Are snails scavengers? |
|928: ||Are plant cells rectangular or circular? I get
confused on them. They aren't hard to understand,
but they ARE definitely confusing. Thank You all
who answer my question. Love sent out to all.
|929: ||Why humans do not have tail?
|930: ||How were humans created? |
|931: ||Are humans and animals the same?
|932: ||Hi, I have been doing a project about what would
happen if you switch one species brain to a
different, example (human to frog), and what part
of the body makes you grow? |
|933: ||Why do we go through puberty?
|934: ||Why do we have hair? |
|935: ||Which human cell is the most important?
|936: ||Does a ferret see color?
|937: ||What does salt do to the human body? |
|938: ||Does eye color affect a person's ability to
identify color in low light? |
|939: || Is it safe to eat snow or drink it melt? |
|940: ||If plants absorb sunlight and we eat plants or
other organisms who eat plants, does that mean we
have a fraction of the energy of the sun in our
|941: ||Dear Scientists,
We all know that skin types were best suited for
people in their own natural habitat and countries,
what would be the Fitzpatrick skin type best for
Toulouse, France and Aix en Provence, France. Is
it skin type II or Skin type III or which
Fitzpatrick type? Thank you
|942: || I am aware of how the process of parthenogenesis
occurs, however I wanted to ask whether it is
theoretically possible to stimulate/program the
reproductive cells of other organisms to perform
this process, and how it would be done.
|943: ||I've seen different drawings of human cells. They
use different colors to show the different parts
of the cell. My question is, what is the actual
color of the inside of a cell? |
|944: ||How much energy of the phytoplankton is given off
|945: ||What is the highest frequency that most humans can
|946: ||I'm doing a science project for San Marcos High
School. My question is "How does exercise affect
memory? Thank you.
|947: ||Do all living things reproduce? |
|948: ||Are tears a waste product?
|949: ||Why are skin cells undergoing mitosis continuously?
|950: ||What would happen if the earth had no photosynthesis?
|951: ||What is the Ebola virus and should I be afraid? |
|952: ||How is metamorphosis different from the
development of baby mammals?
|953: ||I have a dream to become a scientist, I want to
change the world and create antibiotics. I feel
like I was made to do something on this earth.
Next year I am taking biology or should, I take Earth?
If we can make our DNA strand from keep dying, can
we humans keep living at the age it stops replacing?
|954: || How is lumber related to the process of
|955: ||How does the sun help the plants grow? How does
the sun help humans? How does the sun help the
solar energy? |
|956: ||Say all of the plants on Earth were to die off
tomorrow, what could be some possible causes and
could humans survive it? |
|957: ||Are the lungs and blowhole connected? |
|958: ||If hearing loss is "cured" and the cochlea is
restored, will tinnitus go away? Will tinnitus be
eliminated permanently? How would the brain know
to stop making the ring noise? |
|959: ||How do viruses attack cells? |
|960: ||Why do we get itches on our body?
|961: ||What are mice used for experiments? |
|962: ||I color is just certain light reflecting off a
certain object(example: if something is orange, it
reflects "orange" light), then is there really any
color? Would the question be not "What Color is
it?" but "What Type of light is being reflected?" |
|963: ||How many people are on earth?
|964: ||Were whales land animals? |
|965: ||How many kinds of cells are there? |
|966: ||What are the things that cause cancer? Why does
cancer have to exist? Will there ever be a way to
get rid of cancer for ever?
|967: ||What is the difference between genotype and
|968: ||Is there any blue blood in our bodies at any time?
Or is it all red with different shades? |
|969: || I am curious on how a toothpaste whitens teeth. I
would like to make a science project on which
brand of toothpaste is effective on whitening
teeth? But what should I use and do create my
project? And what is in the toothpaste that makes
the teeth whiter? |
|970: ||Are there really Aliens from outer space? |
|971: ||Hello, People evolved and selected by the genes
which adapted to the environment that are favor to
them. So, for example, people who live at the
higher latitude area have lighter skin color, and
vise verse, people live near the equator have
darker skins for the ultra-violate protection
reason. If a white couple (their grandpa and
grandma and the past generations are all white)
move to somewhere near equator, and then the
generations past on (and all of their offspring
mate with pure white people), will their skin
color change because of any environment reason?
Thank you so much for taking time to answer this! |
|972: ||Why do we have Tissues in our body? Why do tissues
that work together form organs? |
|973: ||What type of cells do the examination of the
cell's cycle? (Qué tipos de células examinan el
ciclo de célula?)
|974: ||I've heard that Fluoride is bad for people and
animals; fluoride can kill us. So why is there
Fluoride in toothpastes like "Colgate" and
"Sensodine"? Why is Chlorine not? Why have
Scientists approved Toothpaste with Fluoride in
it? Is fluoride good for a person's teeth? |
|975: ||What is more comparable to stomach acid, lemon
juice or vinegar?
|976: ||What is the cell wall made of?
|977: ||Why are specialized cells needed in the human body?
|978: ||How are plant and animal cells different? |
|979: ||How does pollination differ from fertilization?
|980: ||Can you give some information about the kingdom of
|981: ||How do plants and animals use the food produced
|982: ||Which animals don't have blood? |
|983: ||I have a question for you. I read that brain cells
do not replicate, but some brain stem cells are
replicating. If mitochondria divide each time the
brain cells divide, does this mean that only then
we can have new cells? I have read that they also
replicate at random at any time of the cell cycle.
My question is also: if the brain mitochondria are
different than the skin mitochondria because they
must last much more time, does skin mitochondria
last as long as brain cells? |
|984: ||Why are people going through puberty at younger
ages than they used to? |
|985: ||What rate do red blood cells die at?
|986: ||1) Why do sports players usually hurt their
ligaments instead of tendons? 2)
What's the difference between human cartilage and
shark cartilage? If a human needed cartilage could
a human use cartilage from a shark? |
|987: ||What is life? |
|988: ||What happens to the brain when you think? Why do
we need a brain to do things? |
|989: ||How do microorganisms enter our body? |
|990: ||How do eubacteria obtain food? |
|991: ||Is there an organelle which has to be colored a
specific color in an animal or plant cell? If yes,
which is it? |
|992: ||Does thought require language? |
|993: ||What is the Human Body System? |
|994: ||How can our body carry out digestive functions on
a daily basis?
|995: ||When did humans first start roaming the earth
about how many years ago ?
|996: ||Is there possibly going to be a cure for Ebola, if
so how long is the expected time for the cure to
be released? |
|997: ||What is one weather condition that can limit the
growth of a population?
|998: ||How do ATP and ADP work in a cell? |
|999: ||How can you change a nightmare or dream? I am very
curious! I also want to control it. Please let me
|1000: ||I'm having a conversation with my friends at lunch
and the topic of blood pigmentation and whether it
is blue when it has no oxygen or not. I showed
them your website that in fact states that it is
always red but may give off a blue hue. However,
some of my friends do not believe that there is
any way for you to scientifically prove that. So
my question to you is, how do you know that blood
is always red? |
|1001: ||What is vitamin B12 and why is it so important? |
|1002: ||Is it true that the brain has the mind, but the
mind has no brain? |
|1003: ||Why does a dead rat get mold after a few weeks?
|1004: ||Approximately what percentage of the things around
us are made from polymers? |
|1005: ||Do antiseptics contain triclosan or triclocarbon?
And do they cause resistant-bacteria? Do
alcohol-based sanitizers contain these compounds?
What are the mechanisms of action for both
antiseptics and alcohol based sanitizers as well
as antibacterial agents?
|1006: ||NASA and the whole world is basically looking for
other life on other planets within our solar
system. Or, more specifically, "life as we know
it." What is life as we know it? What are we
looking for, and what would be defined as life
that we don't know?
|1007: ||Which organism has most chromosomes? |
|1008: ||What happens to the cancer when the person dies,
as in lung cancer. Does the cancer stay in the
body and dies along with the person, or does it
leave the dead body, and then invade a new living
body? Thanks, |
|1009: ||After being outside when it is sunny, why do you
see green spots when you come inside? |
|1010: ||How does aquatic, salt water plants like seaweed
get the fresh water they need from their
environment? It was just hard to wrap my mind
around it since salt water aquatic plants somehow
manage to stay alive without a source of fresh
water. As well as this, I have also been wondering
how a salt water fish filters salt water in order
for it to be fresh? Thanks! |
|1011: ||Is there a way to get rid of the black tongue disease? |
|1012: ||Given that many modern day containers, utensils,
cookwear, clothing,...are coated or composed of
types of plastic which are publically recognized
as having the ability to transfer\'estrogeni\'
chemicals to whatever they come in contact with,
is it possible that these 'estrogenic' compounds
may be a contributor to decreases in fertility,
neurological conditions and obesity in the
population as a whole? Could this also be a
contributor to a decreased sex-drive in women,
given that testosterone is the 'sex-drive
hormone'? Thank you for your time. |
|1013: ||Since all living organisms produce some kind of
waste, wouldn't cancer cells produce a detectable
amount of waste? Wouldn't that be an easy way to
test for cancer?
|1014: ||When you look at the sun, is their a moment when
you cant see at all? |
|1015: ||What covers and protects the brain? |
|1016: ||Could the regeneration process in some animals be
quickened by selective breeding or cross breeding
with two animals that both poses this function?
Could one animal that poses the regeneration
function breeding with an animal that does not
have it; if so would the offspring have the
function of regeneration of limbs or other body parts? |
|1017: || What makes carbon atoms essential to life? |
|1018: ||Why does the sun have sunspots even doe the sun is
the sun? |
|1019: ||Why is mass not always measured by weight? |
|1020: ||What triggers the cry of a baby when she/he is
born, just after leaving the mother’s womb? |
|1021: || I am doing a science fair project "Which sex
develops the most bacteria on sweat molecules?
Male or Female". I need to know whether or not it
is possible to take a culture of sweat and then
grow it on gelatin. I will appreciate some help
for which are the proper parameters to use(time
line, kit or no kit?, etc.) in order to do this
test in the correct way. Thank you. |
|1022: ||Were do babies come from? |
|1023: ||Is a person's fingerprint pattern related to their
toe print pattern? |
|1024: ||Did dinosaur and people ever exist on earth at the
same time? And if not does that mean the Bible is
wrong since it says man earth and beast were made
basically at the same time (7 days)? I basically
believe in the evolution theory, but then where
did humans come from? |
|1025: ||Are there any organisms besides humans that
produce 2 eggs from the same oocyte? |
|1026: ||Since stomach has pH of 1, and the intestine has
pH of 7, how do stomach and intestine deal with
the pH difference? |
|1027: ||How many BASE PAIRS ( not bases, not separate
nucleotides) are there in the human genome? |
|1028: ||How do animals get their energy? |
|1029: ||What kind of animals eats elephants? What kind of
animals eats cheetahs,lions, tigers, leopards,and
wild cats? |
|1030: ||Does the carbon cycle function the same during the
night as it does during the day? |
|1031: ||Is there a scientific reason we do not have tails? |
|1032: ||We are under the impression that certain type of
food is digested by a base (alkaline). Protein
needs an acid to digest. The question is, does
ALL food get an acid bath or does the body only
dump acid when it's needed? |
|1033: ||I recently learned that the velocity of blood
moving in veins is faster than that in
capillaries, but the blood pressure in veins is
much lower than that of any other blood vessel.
Since veins have a relatively high blood velocity
(at least compared to capillaries), shouldn't they
also have a higher blood pressure? Why don't
velocity and pressure in fluids go hand in hand?
|1034: ||What is the difference between producer, consumer,
and decomposer? |
|1035: ||Do cells come from other cells? |
|1036: ||How many different kind of cells are in the human
|1037: || Does drinking caffeine increase your reaction
time dramatically or noticeably? |
|1038: ||By what process does waste leave cells? |
|1039: ||We had a can of mandarin oranges that was swollen
and leaked brown liquid on to the pantry wall. My
mom is using a bleach solution to clean the pantry
shelf/wall what else should we do to make sure we
don't get sick? Is there any way we can know what
kind of bacteria it was for sure? |
|1040: || What are the benefits of orange juice? |
|1041: ||Why are skin cells undergoing mitosis continuously? |
|1042: ||Why do mitochondria have its own DNA in a
simplified version? |
|1043: ||What causes heart attacks? |
|1044: || Hi! I have a student who is wondering
approximately what percent of the air we breath
out is carbon dioxide. He understands that we
take in oxygen during cellular respiration and we
give off mostly carbon dioxide along with some
nitrogen and oxygen. But....he wants to
understand what percent is carbon dioxide during
an exhale. He wants to compare your answer to the
answers he's getting for his own cellular
respiration data he's taken for his science fair
|1045: ||What happens every 28 days in the reproductive system? |
|1046: ||What would the world be like without chlorine? |
|1047: || Why do people die? And why can't we live forever? |
|1048: ||While we were working on a current of the world's
oceans lab, Nathaniel came up with a question that
I do not know the answer. I'm thinking this may
come from more of an anthropology background and I
am a geologist by nature. His question is: Why do
different races of people have different eye
shapes? For example: Peoples of Asian decent
compared to Egyptian peoples, Mexican peoples,
etc. The class started laughing because they felt
that it was a "racist" thought but he was serious.
I do not know if there is a scientific reason
such as survival of the fittest for eye shape in
northern or southern latitudes. Any help for my
general science class? Thanks!
|1049: || Hello my name is Ashton and I am doing a science
project on influenza and how it is produced. Do
you think that it is important to make sure that
I am testing people with the flu and things they
are around? Also do you have any advice for this
|1050: ||Why do we think the way we do? What is it in our
brains that allows us to not only process
information, but allows us to imagine or have
emotion? Theoretically, what would separate a
naturally developed brain from one 3d printed from
stem cells in terms of thought? |
|1051: ||Why do we need Vitamin D? |
|1052: ||Does tea and/or coffee stain your teeth? |
|1053: ||Why are cells small? |
|1054: ||Why can Sea animals breathe under water and we can't? |
|1055: ||What is a protein? |
|1056: ||Why is people's poop brown? |
|1057: ||Why don't we collapse under the weight of the
|1058: ||It is often said that we get our energy from food
by breaking down the bonds in glucose molecules.
How is energy 'stored' in these bonds? And what
is the role of ATP in carrying energy? What, on
the molecular level makes ATP so special to be
called the 'energy currency'? Thank you! |
|1059: ||How would you get air in space? |
|1060: ||Why human's eyes are in front and not on sides
like birds? |
|1061: ||Why chromosomes differ in length ? Why one arm is
shorter and one in longer (except metacentric).
What is the reason for this design ? |
|1062: ||What are all the bad gases to breath and which
ones can kill you? |
|1063: ||Does the number of chromosomes determine the
complexity of the organism? |
|1064: || What would happen if Earth were to lose both
human and animal lives, would Earth become another
planet or still be Earth?
|1065: || About how many times does DNA have to fold up to
fit in a cell? |
|1066: || How does DNA fingerprinting work? How do they do
|1067: ||What is DNA fingerprinting? |
|1068: || How does DNA fingerprinting work?
|1069: || How do the brain store memory?
|1070: ||Hello! I'm doing a project on DNA fingerprinting
for the last project of the trimester. When you
studied about DNA fingerprinting, what was your
favorite part? Or do you have any other
interesting information? :) Thanks :) |
|1071: || Memory B and T cells are meant to last for a
lifetime, but what happens when they are no longer
needed in the body? Do they undergo Apoptosis?
(Reference to the Immune System) |
|1072: ||Why am I black? I want to know. |
|1073: ||Why is there life on earth? |
|1074: ||How many wavelengths would you need to have in the
photo receptors to make color vision like humans? |
|1075: ||Why is it important that the end result of the
process of meiosis is sex cells that contain half
the amount of DNA that is in body cells? |
|1076: ||Earlier humans had a tail with appendix bone. But
now the tail has disappeared. Why? |
|1077: ||Can humans live on the sun why or why not? |
|1078: ||How did different race and languages become about,
if we all come from Africa? |
|1079: ||I would like to know what causes the redness and a
green flashing light in my mom's eyes. |
|1080: ||What would life be without oxygen and what do we
need oxygen for? |
|1081: || What is mitochondria? |
|1082: ||What is sperm? |
|1083: ||Do Triplets occur naturally? |
|1084: ||What are ways for our eyes to see better with?
|1085: ||Can you influence dreams? |
|1086: ||Why do a lot of people die from cancer? My aunt
yesterday die from cancer in my own arm.
|1087: ||What is most likely to happen if we did not have a
|1088: ||What would happen if the cell cycle would not take
|1089: ||How do species change over time? |
|1090: ||What is an anus? |
|1091: ||Does everything in the world need the sun to survive? |
|1092: ||Who was the first person(s) alive, what was
her/his name, what year were they born and pass away? |
|1093: ||What is the function of the folds within the
|1094: ||What is the vitamin required in order for our
bodies to have a good eyesight? |
|1095: ||Which has more genetic information, a body cell or
|1096: ||Why are plants important? |
|1097: ||Why are all humans different? We are all animals.
Is it because are we different species or race? |
|1098: ||About one-two years ago I stared at the sun until
I saw a full circle. When I looked back down at
earth, it was dark for about a minute. I closed my
eyes during this time. When I opened my eyes,
everything was normal - no pain, no darkness. Was
that even normal? |
|1099: ||What is a vacuole? |
|1100: || Is it possible for a fish to be frozen in a block
of ice (suspended animation?) and survive? My
friend says that sometimes fish in Canada get
frozen and will thaw out in the Spring/Summer. |
|1101: ||How did animals come to be after the big bang?
|1102: || I wonder why overtime my hair stopped being curly
and is now wavy. |
|1103: ||How does mental health conditions like
schizophrenia occur? How does it get into your brain?
|1104: ||Why are people able to remember things with their
brain but forget them when they get severely
|1105: ||What are the mechanisms behind human speech? |
|1106: ||What is the mechanism behind fear? |
|1107: ||Why do all living things die? |
|1108: ||Not including humans what is the most civilized
|1109: || Is cancer hereditary? If so, how can you prevent it? |
|1110: ||How long will it take for the brains of animals to
be as evolved as the human brain? |
|1111: ||Why do people kill each other? |
|1112: || How are trees able to live so long without dying? |
|1113: || How was the first animal tamed? |
|1114: ||I wonder why are brain cells different then normal
|1115: ||Can other kinds of animals evolve like us? And can
humans evolve more? |
|1116: || Why does the gravity lessen in space? Is it
because we are going away from the earth? Then why
don't we just float away on the earth? Is it
because of the atmosphere protecting us? If so,
What if the Atmosphere didn't exist? |
|1117: || I wonder why people and animals talk different
|1118: || Does the moon really affect our mood?
|1119: || I wonder why there are more boys than girls in
different parts of the world?
|1120: || How fast do your nerves react? |
|1121: ||Why animals have such strong immune systems
compared to us (humans)? |
|1122: || How do animals understand humans. How do they
know there names and know when to come when called? |
|1123: || Why do dogs' eyes change? Why do fishes change
color and glow some times? |
|1124: ||How did Ocean life form, and why did they evolve? |
|1125: ||Where did we (human beings) come from? Are we
monkeys? Are we fish or will we never know? I
think we are monkeys but not a similar one as in
the zoo, I think we are a type of monkey that we
don't know about. |
|1126: || How do dogs understand people? |
|1127: ||Why do tortoises live so long ? |
|1128: || How did dogs adapt to humans? |
|1129: ||How deadly is the flu virus? |
|1130: || Is our air from our breath hot or cold? If the
air that comes out from our breath is hot then why
we try to blow the hot food to make it cooler?
But if it is cold, so why then when we feel cold
we start to blow our hands to get warmer? |
|1131: ||Why can't women produce sperm? |
|1132: ||Why do things give us the creeps? |
|1133: ||How do voices work? |
|1134: ||What organism is all multicellular? |
|1135: ||Besides Hyenas, vultures, and sharks, which other
animals have the strongest stomach acids? Thanks. |
|1136: ||Can photosynthesis and respiration create a cycle
of energy? Why? |
|1137: ||Can and how does eye color effect the way you see
colors? I've noticed that sometimes my friends
will see a color differently that me, like I see
dark orange and they see red. |
|1138: ||Is there a way for someone to live with lung cancer? |
|1139: ||How do brain diseases happen? Diseases like
Bipolar Disorder and Major Depression. How do some
people get it while others don't? Does it happen
with a family line or just random?
|1140: ||How fast can neurons transmit through your body
for the nervous system to function? Thanks |
|1141: ||My mom had blood drawn from her arm at the
doctor's, and it looked black. What does it mean
black blood? Thank you for the answer. |
|1142: ||How many cells die per minute in an adult male? |
|1143: ||Mitochondrial DNA does not contain genes for
[self] replication. It's almost like the genes
were edited out by the host cell. 1. How would
this occur? 2. Do unused genes generally get
dropped or rationalized if unused? |
|1144: ||Why do different colors of light have different
energy levels? |
|1145: || Could life survive in/on an asteroid?
|1146: || Why do people have to take shots and medicine for
|1147: || Are people born flexible? |
|1148: || Is it possible that Earth originally developed
prokaryotes as a form of collecting ingredients
from its surface and atmosphere in order to
re-utilize them for preservation?
I wonder this because how else could inanimate
material come alive, and I once read that the
Earth is alive itself, leading me to believe that
Earth could have been the first producer. I still
wonder how the Earth would have come alive itself,
but I theorize the electrical forces of atoms and
specific molecules pulling or pushing themselves
together or apart, as well as the natural movement
of heated atoms, along with the already present
forces of Earth's spin and movement produced by
the big bang could have caused the inanimate Earth
to begin "come alive." The original moving up of
iron (or whatever element was attracted to
another) from inside Earth could have led to a
chain of reactions that led to more chains of
reactions, and so forth, so that a never-ending
push and pull were then created via the original
electrical attractions. I realize this is a
complex idea and a far-fetched question, but I
found your website and thought I'd ask. Thanks
|1149: ||Why can't something live without some type of
genetic material? |
|1150: ||How is it beneficial to humans if scientists find
out more about the layers of the earth? |
|1151: ||Can we describe viruses as being parasitic? |
|1152: ||How can a fossil provide evidence that a certain
animal existed? |
|1153: ||Can fingerprints have more than one ridge? |
|1154: || Can a cell die without reproducing? |
|1155: ||What happens if you get bitten by a turtle?
|1156: || What are different ways a human being can get
sick and how can you get rid of it? |
|1157: ||What is the skin cells purpose? |
|1158: ||Normally our body burns calories to keep us warm.
When we feel cold, does our body burn more
calories than usual? Do we need to burn more
calories during winter just to keep our bodies at
our normal temperature? If a person gets an
infection and the body temperature rises, do we
need to burn more calories in order to increase
the temperature? |
|1159: ||Which are factors that does not affect fossilization?
|1160: ||What are the differences between the structure and
function of plant and animal cell organelles? In
other words...What are all the organelles that
plant cells have that animal cells do not and what
are all the organelles that animal cells have that
plant cells do not and what are the organelles
that are in common and what are the functions of
all these organelles in the cell? Thank you
|1161: ||When do cells duplicate their DNA? |
|1162: ||Why cant their be a cure for hemophilia? |
|1163: ||What are ways that animals respond to their
|1164: || Is there any proof against the theory of evolution? |
|1165: || On genetic engineering and CRISPRS: If a gene is
modified in an individual cell how does that
translate to all the other billions of genes in an
organism? Given that the changes you make in one
cell will replicate in new cells, how many cells
need to be modified to repair whatever you want
fixed, and how long does it take? |
|1166: ||How can a baby be born with a humped back? |
|1167: || There are red blood cells filled with oxygen from
the lungs to all parts of the body. There is a lot
of oxygen in other red blood cells and very little
in other body cells. There is more carbon dioxide
in the body cells than in the blood cells. How
does the carbon dioxide and oxygen move to where
they need to go? Is it by osmosis, by diffusion or
any other process? |
|1168: || I am doing a presentation, and I can't find
anything on how color affects size. If I have a
white object it will appear smaller than a black
one, right? I tried but am not finding a reason! |
|1169: ||My teacher has asked me and my class to take a
case file to find the disease and what caused it.
I have a case that the disease turned out to be
Salmonella. I currently trying to find out the
mortality rate for the disease untreated and
treated. I was wondering if you had any advice on
how to find out more about this. If you can help
me that would be great!
Thank you for your time.
|1170: || Is there any possible way to access neuronal stem
cells or produce them? Thank you so much for all
your help! |
|1171: ||Hello,I was wondering if you could please explain
to me the functions and structure of the blood
brain barrier in a more in depth manner because I
do not quite fully understand the topic. |
|1172: || Is getting bone marrow from an infant with Tay
Sachs possible? |
|1173: ||If we were to take stem cells from bone marrow and
use gene therapy to edit it how can we use stem
cells to replace the neurons and get it back in
the brain? |
|1174: ||Before photosynthesis appeared on the planet, from
what did the autotrophs made their food? |
How are genetically modified stem cells to the
brain possible? Where have they been tried?
|1176: ||How are DNA, chromosomes, and genes related?
|1177: ||How does the magnetism on Earth affect every atom
on Earth? Does this magnetism affects in the same
way at the North of the Equator or at the
South of it?
|1178: ||Why doesn't Earth's atmospheric pressure crush our
|1179: ||What type of food do eukaryotes eat? |
|1180: ||Say someone gets very badly injured and is losing
a lot of blood, why can't doctors just keep giving
that person blood to keep her/him alive? |
|1181: ||What colors are absorbed to get brown or black
skin? Are there any benefits of it? |
|1182: ||What color are your capillaries and how deep in
your skin are these capillaries? |
|1183: ||When did cavemen exist? What year did they exist?
Is it possible for you to send me some info on the
past. To be more specific, I want to know more
about dinosaurs and cavemen. |
|1184: ||What will happen if I inject blue dye in my
tongue? I am wondering because I am getting a
tongue piercing. |
|1185: ||How often do skeletal muscle cells go through mitosis? |
|1186: ||How does visible light work? How is it that color
goes from waves to visible color in our sight?
|1187: ||I really want to ask you a question, I am a
student and I am confused if to study medicine or
electrical engineering. |
|1188: ||What happens if you do not have your urinary system? |
|1189: ||What is the function of the cerebellum?
|1190: ||Why are humpback whales classified as mammals? |
|1191: ||How did cats evolve to shed their fur?
|1192: ||How does phosphorylation take place in animals?
|1193: ||Does your brain change the shade of colors you see
based on your mood? |
|1194: ||Why do many animals think about only basic
survival and reproduction, while humans have
developed much from that stage, to ponder about
economy, politics, appearance, and much more?
|1195: ||How do animals choose a pack leader? |
|1196: ||How do animals adapt their eyesight in the
midnight zone? |
|1197: ||How many layers of skin do people normally have? |
|1198: ||How does the universe have an impact on humans?
|1199: ||How can animals sense human feelings. For example,
how can service dogs detect when a human will have
a seizure or is stressed?
|1200: ||What types of leukemia are there, and what is the
probability of getting each one? |
|1201: ||The question I was wondering about is related to
the other extinct species of humans. Are there
people living today who are related to them? How
and why did they die out and what enabled Homo
Sapiens to outlive them? And what would the world
be like if at least a few of these extinct human
species were still living today and how would they
compare to modern Homo Sapiens in intelligence and
|1202: ||How does the heart integrate oxygen into the blood? |
|1203: ||Hi, my name is Praize and I am an 8th grade
student at Glen Taylor School. I am conducting a
research on mountains. I would like to know if you
are able to provide me with information on Why Is
There Little Air On Mountains?
Please contact me as soon as possible.
Thank you. |
|1204: ||Why did Ebola come out when it did and why did
people's immune systems not work? |
|1205: ||Why do spiders have eight legs? |
|1206: ||Why do we have not useful body parts in our body
that can be removed with no effect? |
|1207: ||Why don't humans live a lot more than the average
age to die? |
|1208: ||Why don't humans live a lot more than the average
age to die? |
|1209: ||What is the difference between all fingerprints?
And how are they different? I looked at my
fingers and they are not different. How do we know
if they are the same or different? |
|1210: ||Can the apocalypse actually happen? |
|1211: ||I am doing a science fair project about measuring
carcinogens in meat. I was doing some research on
how to be able to measure them, but I came across
difficult ways to do it. How would I be able to
measure carcinogens in meat in the simplest way
|1212: ||How did animals evolve into what they are now? |
|1213: ||How did humans get to earth or how were they created? |
|1214: ||Why do different continents have different types
of living organisms? |
|1215: || Will there ever be a time in the future where the
sun will be harmful to humans, and if so, when
will it be?
|1216: ||Why does my hair stand on end when I take off my
hat on a cold, dry day? |
|1217: ||Why do shark attacks happen? |
|1218: ||How come people who can not see far can see the
stars without them being blurry? |
|1219: ||If the sun blew up, would there be any way to know
before our demise? (As in like a final 5 minutes
before everyone dies.)
|1220: ||Are all non-living things abiotic? We are trying
to figure out if abiotic factors are things that
are only naturally occurring, or if they can be
man-made? For example, if there is plastic
(trash/pollution) in an ecosystem, is it
considered an abiotic factor because it could have
a impact on the living things? |
|1221: ||Why cannot we imagine a new color? |
|1222: ||Will humans be on earth in 3029? I am afraid we
are consuming lots of plants and stuff so I hope
you text me back. |
|1223: ||Why the body shrinks, when people gets old? |
|1224: ||What are all the types of pediatric cancer and how
easy or hard are they to cure? |
|1225: ||What is displacement? |
|1226: ||How can our lungs breath oxygen? |
|1227: ||Is there a specific name for organisms that eat
fungi? Herbivores eat plants and fungi is not a
producer. This was a student question that
stumped me- and my background is wildlife
science/environmental science. I thought it was a
great question. The tropic level depends on what
is being decomposed, but it seems we have a name
for other feeding habits, but not this one. Thank
|1228: || How quickly can the nervous system relay messages? |
|1229: ||How do antibiotics work in order to be selective
of the right bacteria to be killed in our bodies? |
|1230: ||What makes you yourself? How you are unique from
others? Because of your body, mind or memory? |
|1231: ||Hello, we are learning about cell respiration and
mitochondria and are wondering how scientists know
enough about what is occurring within the
mitochondria to make animations such as the one
presented by Bioflix ( watch
here ). We have learned about electron
microscopes and have a basic understanding of how
scientists see individual organelles, but we are
skeptical as to how they actually know what the
ATP synthase 'turbine' looks like. How on Earth do
they know that H protons are what cause it to
spin? We have tried Googling this but haven't come
up with anything satisfying. Thank you! |
|1232: ||What are the pros and cons of using pesticides? Do
the pros outweigh the cons? Are there safe and
environmentally- friendly pesticides? Is it really
better to only farm/ purchase organic food? |
|1233: ||Can a virus reproduce without the presence of
another organism? |
|1234: ||I have nightmares about every 3-4 weeks and
whenever I wake up and think about it later I
realize the thing in the dream that’s the focus is
not very scary, but it is in the dream. I noticed
right before I wake up I get some kind of jolt
(the jump-scare). Is that adrenaline? What is
giving you the jolt that makes that part of the
dream so scary? |
|1235: ||Are animals able to feel emotions, as humans do?
(Like grief, happiness, excitement, etc.). |
|1236: ||Why do living things need water? |
|1237: ||Are fingerprints inherited because people say that
everyone's fingerprint's are unique, but I think
it has something to do with genetics like if you
get half of each of your parents DNA then I feel
like fingerprints would have something to do with
|1238: ||Why do only some people have dimples? |
|1239: ||How does the eclipse affect someone's pregnancy? |
|1240: || If the sun went out, how long could life on Earth
|1241: ||Can you explain human evolution? |
|1242: || |
I am confused and I think my questions are to
check my thinking. I did read your explanation
maybe it's the terms you don't understand. Mine is
not the terms, but maybe connecting it to a
So, I see 2 kinds of karyotype pictures; this
I know: \"X\" chromosomes are diploid and undergo
mitosis, 23 pairs of \"X\" in autosome cell
(non-sex cell); \"l\" chromosome is a chromosome
found in sex (somatic) cells, like Egg/Sperm;
there are only 23 chromosomes, haploid, not in
pairs. Does this make sense, or am I missing
What I need explained is this:
If you look at a karyotype, KARYOTYPE #1:
sometimes you see some with a pair of \"X\" and
KARYOTYPE #2: sometimes you see a pair of \"l\".
karyotype to see the pair of \"l\").
My question #1 is: When I see the pair of
\"X\" with 23 human chromosomes karyotype, am I
looking at non-sex cells?
Question #2: Which karyotype will you use to
determine a disorder?
To answer my own question, I think - since all
the DNA is the same in every cell, the unknown
genes wouldn't matter which cell you would look
at, but if you are looking for Turner's Syndrome,
then you would have to use a Somatic cell. Or
does it really not matter if you have somatic cell
autosome; which karyotype picture would I look
at, the \"X\" pairs or the \"l\" sex cells?
THANK YOU! Sorry for the lengthy questions,
trying to be specific and understand this
|1243: ||Do animals need sun or not? |
|1244: ||I have the feeling that my brain is not working
properly. Why can this be? |
|1245: ||What does it mean when we say an individual is
hybrid? what does it mean when we say an
individual is purebred? How does non-disjunction
insure that there will be differences in traits
|1246: ||Why is the sun important? |
|1247: ||Why do we store visual memory better then
auditory? Can you explain more about how the
visual memory can possibly be stored twice? Can
auditory be stored twice? |
|1248: ||How do we exist? |
|1249: ||Why does time seem to go by so slowly when your
young and seem to go by so quickly the older you
are? Is this in any relation to how time speeds up
in space versus on Earth? |
|1250: ||What are different ways animals help spread seeds
so that new plants can grow? |
|1251: ||Upon learning about chloroplasts producing
glucose, then breaking it down in their own
mitochondria: "I know plants don't have blood, but
if you fed them a diet of sugary water, could you
give them plant diabetes? What do they do if they
have too much glucose?"
|1252: ||How does the atmosphere help life on Earth? |
|1253: ||Which are the different systems involved in
maintaining homeostasis? |
|1254: ||Why do you think liquefied food stays in the
intestines for such a long time? |
|1255: ||What are brains made out of? |
|1256: ||We know that we speak with the help of vocal
cords. Could animals also be able to speak like
humans do, if they had the same vocal cords? |
|1257: ||Can plants use CO2 released during
respiration for photosynthesis?
|1258: ||If a person had their own magnetic field, how
would that affect them and everything around them
in relation the the earth's magnetic field? |
|1259: ||Why is a person big and fat?
|1260: ||Does dark hair retain more heat, or becomes hotter
than blond or fair hair when out in the sun? |
|1261: ||What causes a population to change? Is it natural
selection, variation, and adaptation? |
|1262: ||If we all came from a single cell, that is we have
evolved from one single cell which went through
rapid cell division. How is it possible for a
single cell which has no brain to think on it's
own and become a monkey or a dinosaur or something
else? Even if you say it evolved during it's cell
division, How is it possible? Because it is the
first cell, it can't have genetic variations and
so on. |
|1263: ||What will happen if the oxygenated and
deoxygenated blood would get mixed?
|1264: ||How can you tell if a fingerprint is from the
right hand or left hand?
|1265: || Where do we get our supply of oxygen? |
|1266: ||Why are human beings the only species that has a
mind that can think and reason? Where did our
ability to think come from? |
|1267: ||What is the probability of a human being able to
survive the gravitational pull of the earth yet
along with the exact amount of centrifugal force
not to fly off the earth---what is the probability
of getting that delicate balance of gravitational
force and centrifugal force to support human life? |
|1268: ||What would happen to nutrients in our body if they
do not get used again ?
|1269: ||What does a plant do with the CO2 that
as a product of cellular respiration? |
|1270: || If you receive a blood transfusion or an organ
transplant does your body change due to the DNA in
the blood and tissue? Will it ever be the same as
|1271: ||Why do the Inuits have dark skins given that they
live close to the North Pole? |
|1272: ||How does enzymes work in our daily life and why do
we have to learn about it because I know that we
don't have to use enzymes in our daily life so why
in the world are we learning this? |
|1273: ||What animals reproduce both asexually and sexually? |
|1274: ||How are animal cells and plant cells different? In
which ways are they different? |
|1275: ||What would be the effect or what would happen to
your other systems if your digestive system failed? |
|1276: || What does ribonucleic acid do, and how does it
affect your body? |
|1277: ||Are dolphins' brains more capable of doing
complex problems and solve ideas compared to other
species on land and water? I know that dolphins
have a bigger brain (1600 grams compared to 1300
grams from other species), but does that mean they
are more complex and more intelligent overall
compared to other species?
|1278: ||What colors will light grow fastest in and why? |
|1279: ||What would be the chemical reaction which provides
the food for most organisms on Earth? |
|1280: ||How does UV-C light kill bacteria? |
|1281: ||Where does the tongue end? |
|1282: ||How are animals cloned? And can we clone them
intentionally to make many of the same exact animals? |
|1283: ||I wonder: How were animals and men first exist. I
know that at first they were cells, but how were
they so much that turned them into animals, and
then into humans? I wonder. How many cells would
that take? I wonder.. how much time does it take
to create a living being? |
|1284: ||How does sugar give people pimples and zits? |
|1285: ||Who is the oldest person alive in the world? |
|1286: ||Why is everyone so different? How come some people
allergic to stuff while others aren’t? Is it that
some peoples DNA and molecules react to foods
and/or any kind of product differently than other
peoples' DNA? |
|1287: ||What are the most common symbols in children dreams? |
|1288: ||How can twins look so different? |
|1289: ||Are there any viruses and/or diseases that can
cause someone to be “mind controlled”? Either
completely controlled or send the person into a
zombie state? |
|1290: ||Does eating avocado stimulate hair growth? |
|1291: ||Where does the Oxygen found in CO2 go
photosynthesis if the oxygen we breath in comes
from H2O? |
|1292: || What is our skin made out of? |
|1293: ||Why are red blood cells red? |
|1294: ||Are dolphins more intelligent compared to other
species and or humans? I'm asking this question
because I know that dolphins have a bigger brain
and use echolocation which is advanced compared to
other species. I also want to know why humans and
only humans are the only living animal that has
been able to speak and live and thrive in this world. |
|1295: ||First of all I am very excited to be able to have
someone probably understand this question. I know
very strange things happen at Absolute Zero, and
we haven’t gotten there... yet. If we got there
and we put a human in a chamber that happened to
be absolute zero, then wouldn’t their perception
of time stop? I know that molecules don’t
completely stop, but they still slow down enough
to be considered still. I know that they would die
very quick but I still want to know. |
|1296: ||Does music have any effect on animal's behavior? |
|1297: ||Hello, I’m a fifth grader at IV Elementary and I
was wondering what decomposition is all about. Is
decomposition important for the ecosystem, and
how/why does it work? I’ve heard that nitrogen has
something to do with it, and I’m wondering why
that’s important. Thank you! |
|1298: ||I don't understand: 1.) people claim that exposure
to oxygen kills bacteria, fungi & viruses. Why is
that if bacteria, fungi & viruses are living & all
living organisms require oxygen? |
|1299: ||We heard about the people who remember about their
previous life. What is the concept behind it? |
|1300: ||With cannabis become legal in certain states, I
wanted to know what amount of THC would a 150
pound adult have to ingest to die? Or because
their are no endocannabinnoid receptors in the
brain stem is there no amount that will stop your
heart or lungs from breathing? |
|1301: ||What is life? Is it pointless? |
|1302: || What happens if we drink too much salt water? |
|1303: ||What other systems would fail if it were not for
your digestive system? |
|1304: ||How are the roles of meiosis, fertilization, and
then mitosis different in the development of twins
versus identical twins? |
|1305: ||I am trying to understand if plants and animals
use the water that is released in the process of
I am teaching a class and I want to better
understand what happens to the “waste” water. |
|1306: ||Which organ is the most important in the digestive
|1307: ||Is there a way for a mammalian (specifically
human) fetus in vitro to grow and develop into
a/an (human) infant? If so, what would the process
look like? How could this be ethically tested and
|1308: ||How much sugar must you eat to have a sugar shock? |
|1309: ||What are the various Genetic Engineering
techniques currently used in science?
|1310: ||Why only humans are able to construct these big
infrastructures (like our brain) as per we know
evolution has been occurred to every species, then
why not the cats or dogs are able to develop this
much as we have been? To be precise why not other
than humans any species has a developed brain as
we have? |
|1311: ||Why is life possible on Earth? |
|1312: ||Why do people forget what they read? |
|1313: ||Where do cells come from for the muscular system? |
1314 questions in the Category: biology-human.
|1314: ||Why the 70 percent alcohol which kills microbes by
dissolving lipid cell membranes and protein
denaturation DOES NOT AFFECT HUMAN CELLS ? |
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